Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Aurangzeb

Most recents (23)

#HISTORY_OF_AURANGJEB
(DECREE TO BREAK TEMPLES)
Reference: Rajasthan State Archives, Bikaner
@rightwingchora @desi_thug1 @desimojito @LostTemple7 @iAnirudhRana @Rajput_Ramesh @IndiaTales7 @Indiansontop retweet 🔄
Fatwa issued by Mugals to convert the Hindus.
Rs 4 to a Hindu male/ Rs.2 to a female,7th April 1685.
#UHF #GharWapsi @TheTanishaGupta @iDubeyAayush @Real__Akash @ThePlacardGuy @TarekFatah @hindudalorg
Aurangzeb issues orders for demolition of all Hindu Temples throughout the Mughal Emp. 9 April 1669
#Bikaner Museum
@mukeshspeaker @BharatTemples_ @k__rps @kishnajeetgaya @HinduITCell @AbhishekBJPUP @imAbhardwaj4 @BrandedBrahmanP @rishabh150597 @BhagwaMyPride
Read 30 tweets
My review of @quizzicalguy’s timely work “Allahu Akbar”: Understanding the Great Mughal in Today’s India, published in the #SeminarMagazine.

To learn why this book is important, particularly at this time, read the review in the books section:
india-seminar.com/semframe.html

#Thread
1. Emperor Akbar’s reign has long been held as an exemplar in modern political discourse around secularism, pluralism and social-harmony.
This has focused the ire of present day Right-wing paradigms against him, more than ever before. Such narratives ignore historical context.
2. Few other Indian rulers, (with the possible exception of #Aurangzeb), developed a centralisation of the state - thus given a geographical and political shape and form to India- to the degree that Akbar managed to do. Yet, even he was a 16th C absolutist monarch.
Read 6 tweets
#MonumentsOfKashmir
1.
History of #Hazratbal Shrine

The Hazratbal Shrine in #Srinagar #Kashmir is situated on the Northern bank of the #Dal Lake. The silvery-white Hazratbal Mosque is revered for housing a relic, the Prophet’s hair ImageImage
2.

The relic was first brought to #Kashmir by #SyedAbdullah, a purported descendant of #ProphetMuhammad who left Medina and settled in Bijapur, near Hyderabad in 1635. ImageImage
3.
When Syed Abdullah died, his son #SyedHamid inherited the relic. Following the #Mughal conquest of the region, Syed Hamid was stripped of his family estates. Finding himself unable to care for the relic, he sold it to a wealthy #Kashmiri businessman Khwaja Nur-ud-Din Esha..
Read 11 tweets
1. Today marks the 362nd anniversary of the #BattleofSamogarh; one of the most decisive (and defining), land-battles fought in the #history of Asia. A seminal conflict of arms that decided the future course of the #Mughal succession, and thus the history of #India.

A #Thread.
2. The Battle of #Samogarh was fought between the Mughal Crown Prince Dara Shikoh - commanding the Imperial Army - against his brothers, #Aurangzeb and Murad, Governors of the Deccan and Gujarat (respectively), on the 29th of May 1658, (7th Ramzān 1068), 17 kms S.E. of Agra.
3. The Battle of #Samogarh followed closely on the crushing defeat wrought upon the Mughal Imperial forces commanded by Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur, by the rebel Princes Aurangzeb and Murad at #Dharmat in April 1658.

#History #Mughals
Read 17 tweets
Only an insecure citizen will vilify a period of history, as rich and complex as #Mughal rule.

This demonstrates a vacuum of confidence and an inherent inadequacy in their own ability, to accept or understand the dynamics that created modern #India.

A #thread on the #Mughals:
1. The #Mughals, as they are erroneously called, were descended from Temur (aka Tamberlane, Tamerlane), in a direct patrilineal line and from Chengiz Khan in a direct matrilineal line.

They identified themselves with their Timurid heritage.
#TheGreatMughals
2. Babur, like all Mughals felt a legitimate claim on Hindustan after its conquest in 1398-99, by Temür, which effectively ended the already tottering Tughlaq Sultanate, following the fall of Delhi.
Not until 1451 and the rise of the Lodis (under Bahlul Khan), did Delhi recover.
Read 30 tweets
Some notable films of #RishiKapoor on digital platforms..

Starting with the 2.0 phase..

A thread..
#HumTum (2004) - Prime

#PyaarMeinTwist (2005)

#Fanaa (2006) - Prime

#NamasteyLondon (2007)- Netflix, Prime

#LuckByChance (2009) - Netflix, Prime

#ChintuJi (2009) - Eros Now, Jio

#Delhi6 (2009) - Netflix

#LoveAajKal (2009) - Eros Now, Jio
#DoDooniChaar (2010) - Netflix
#PatialaHouse (2011) - Netflix
#Agneepath (2012) - Netflix, Prime
#SOTY (2012) - Netflix , Prime
#JabTakHaiJaan (2012) - Prime
#Housefull2 (2012) - Eros Now
#ChashmeBuddoor (2013) - Netflix
#Aurangzeb (2013) - Prime
#DDay (2013) - Prime
Read 10 tweets
Aurangzeb sent #GuruGobindSingh ji a Quran as a promise to allow him a safe passage from Anandpur. December 1704, Guru ji left Anandpur with family & 700 followes. While resting in Chamkaur Garhi, they were attacked by trecherous Mughals.
1/ n
Including #GuruGobindSingh ji’s 2 sons, his 40 men gave a tough fight & compelled Guruji to escape. After the Battle of Chamkaur, Guru Ji wrote a letter, #Zafarnama to #Aurangzeb expressing his own moral victory over the Mughal & his distrust in them 2/n
. twitter.com/i/events/10587…
#Zafarnama was written in Persian & sent with Daya Singh Ji to #Aurangzeb
Mara aitbar bar een kasm-e-neest
Ke eizad gavah ast yazdan yakeest
Na katreh mara aitbar-e-bar-ost
Ki bakshi va deewan hameh kibzgost
Kase kaul-e kuran kund aitbar
Haman roz-e akhir shawad nard khawar.3/n
Read 6 tweets
This is interesting. #Aurangzeb joined hands with his brother Murad and defeated Darashukoh at Samugarh and then at Mathura arrested Murad before declaring himself Emperor. He arrested ShahJahan by blocking Yamuna water to the city. Interesting. Blockade to win.
Dara was declared apostate and murdered by slaves as per Islamic laws in Delhi and Murad was killed at the charge of murder of some random man in Gujarat. Shuja was pushed further from Bengal and he ran away to Myanmar. He and his family was killed by the Burmese king.
In April 1669, #Aurangzeb ordered provincial governors to destroy all the temples and schools of infidels. Vishwanath was pulled down in August 1669, Keshav Rai temple in Mathura was razed to ground in January, 1670 and a mosque was built. Idols were broken and buried under steps
Read 6 tweets
1
Firman issued by #Aurangzeb to convert Hindus.
Rs 4 to a Hindu male Rs 2 to a female.
Dated: 7 Apr 1685
2
If Devi Chand, Zamindar of Manoharpur, who's in prison, becomes Muslim, better for him.
Else he be killed
3
^^
Darbar Khan was ordered (by Aurangzeb) to send a parwanah to Ihatmam Khan, Kotwal of Garhvitli (at Ajmer) with above instructions
Read 16 tweets
@Himansh00830841 @Khilji_Iqra @AliyaNazki Islamic invaders & tyrants always saw Brahmins as The biggest stepping stone in conversion of Hindus to islam.
As brhamins usually didn't give up on faith.
So that is why they see Brahmins their prime enemy also it is easy to use unchecked hate speech against Brahmins in India.
@Himansh00830841 @Khilji_Iqra @AliyaNazki If anyone knows about "Aurangzeb's dream" knows about the blatant Hindu hating nature of Mughals.

Aurangzeb was told that if he can convert Brahmins of Kashmir then most of the Hindus of India will convert by following them as Brahmins are the biggest stepping stone in his aim.
@Himansh00830841 @Khilji_Iqra @AliyaNazki Aurangzeb launched his Mission to convert kashmiri Brahmins 100s of brahmins were killed to spread fear.

Kashmiri Brahmins went to #sikh Guru for help & negotiate with Aurangzeb (if Im not wrong then 9th Guru @JungNihang can confirm it)

In return #Aurangzeb beheaded Sikh Guru.
Read 6 tweets
Have you noticed something about the two mosques I talked about? The Charminar and the Mecca Masjid. They're very different from the common perception of what a mosque is supposed to look like, aren't they? Lofty bulbous domes, minarets, crescents, maybe painted green and white?
...Yet these two mosques have no domes or tall towering minarets that symbolize a mosque. Let's look at a few other heritage mosques around #Hyderabad. Here are a few images of Qutb Shahi mosques around the city...
Read 26 tweets
The plan to invade the Riyasat of #JammuAndKashmir wasn't born in #Lahore but in the residence of #Jinnah at #Aurangzeb road #NewDelhi . Here in the spring of 1947 Col. Akbar Khan & some #Muslim officers of the #British #Indian #Army hatched this plot .
#KashmirAccessionDay26Oct
It was only in October 1947 that Maj. Onkar Singh Kalkat of the Bannu Brigade #PakistanArmy who had not yet been repatriated to #India found files marked Operation Gulmarg Secret while looking for some other documents in the office of Brigadier Murray at NWFP.
Even though he was nearly arrested & sent to #Lahore , Maj.Onkar somehow made it out to #NewDelhi & told the #IndianArmy top brass about the file he had sern which detailed an invasion of #JammuKashmir by tribesmen. He wasn't taken seriously by the Brass .
Read 22 tweets
In the mid 1660s, a Rajput - acting on Mughal orders - besieged Shivaji at Purandar.

Marathas and different Rajput lineages often acted differently from one another, even fighting each other.

Ask yourself: Why can some people not accommodate this history in their worldview?
After Purandar, Shivaji allied with the Mughals. Then he reconsidered and escaped from Aurangzeb's court.

There were rumors that the same Rajput who had besieged Shivaji at Purandar, helped Shivaji escape. Many believed it.

It was a world of complicated, shifting alliances.
For anyone interested, I discuss and cite all of this in my #Aurangzeb book.

For a fuller story about Shivaji, however, you'll need to read either the North American or Pakistan edition since I cut some material from the Indian edition (on legal advice). audreytruschke.com/truschke-auran…
Read 4 tweets
Akhbarat of Aurangzeb !
Even to look at a temple is Haraam for Musalman(Umurat I Huzur, Kishwar Kashai, Julus( R.Yr 9), Rabi II, 24, 13 Oct, 1666).
After Aurangzeb came to know that DaraSikoh gifted a railing to Keshav Rai temple, Mathura.
@DalrympleWill
@TIinExile
Just Two Years before his death, Aurangzeb 01 Jan 1705, he ordered destruction of Pandharpur, take Butchers to the temple & slaughter Cows.
Akhbarat says, it was DONE. (JN Sarkar).
@IndianInterest
@swati_gs
@Chandrapida1
Hindus to be replaced by Musalman.
Hindu Chowkinavis, Amin at Haft-Chowkis to be only Musalman (Siyaha Akhbarat Darbar Mu'alla, Julus, R.Yr 10, Zilhija, 16/30 May, 1667)
@TIinExile
@Chandrapida1
@maidros78
@NileshOak
Read 7 tweets
This is a good example for talking about how people use and abuse sources and why it is valuable to demand academic standards. short #THREAD #Mughal #history #Aurangzeb
First red flag - No source is given for the picture with text. It is a slightly adapted version of what's on the Wikipedia page for Dara Shukoh. Wikipedia's pages are full of misinformation on Indian history. Case in point: Bicholim conflict.
Another problem. The source is Manucci. Honestly, for all The Hindu Right goes on against people like me because I'm of European descent, man, do they really rely on European sources too much for Indian history. Manucci especially...
Read 9 tweets
1/16
Firman issued by #Aurangzeb to convert Hindus.
Rs 4 to a Hindu male Rs 2 to a female.
Dated: 7 Apr 1685
2/16
If Devi Chand, Zamindar of Manoharpur, who's in prison, becomes Muslim, better for him.
Else he be killed
3
^^
Darbar Khan was ordered (by Aurangzeb) to send a parwanah to Ihatmam Khan, Kotwal of Garhvitli (at Ajmer) with above instructions
Read 16 tweets
Know where #Gandhi ‘s love for Islam & preaching #Ahimsa to Hindus came from!
"My family was Pranami,though we are Hindu by birth, in our temple priest used to read from Quran & Geeta”. Gandhi
Prannath Thakur, desciple of Devchandra Maharaj established #Pranami tradition.
17th century, Maharaja Chhatrasal with Shivaji’s blessings fought the Mughals for freedom of Bundelkhand. Before the battle Prannath blessed him to be victorious & gave him his sword & angocha.
#Chhatrasal fought 80 battles with #Aurangzeb & won almost all!
Prannath would invite the converted Muslims & Hindus to dine together & cite Quran & Srimad Bhagwat in his teachings( maye be to connect with the new converts & bring them back)?
After Mahamati Prannath, #Chhatrasal promoted Krishna Pranami tradition of Mahamati Prannath.
Read 17 tweets
1/n
Firman issued by #Aurangzeb to convert Hindus.
Rs 4 to a Hindu male Rs 2 to a female.
Dated: 07 Apr 1685
2/n
If Devi Chand, Zamindar of Manoharpur, who's in prison, becomes Muslim, better for him.
Else he be killed
3/n
^^
Darbar Khan was ordered (by Aurangzeb) to send a parwanah to Ihatmam Khan, Kotwal of Garhvitli (at Ajmer) with above instructions
Read 16 tweets
BIGOTED SMEARS & OUTRIGHT LIES👇😡‼️
Why we should question scholar @AudreyTruschke’s dislike for @TulsiGabbard (and #NarendraModi)
What we've learned about Truschke, through her book on #Aurangzeb, and bias ulterior motives which include her family ties
dailyo.in/voices/audrey-…👈
#AudreyTruschke is the daughter-in-law of Sr Evangelical Pastor Nathan Rehn, the founder of NGO Bless India Movt, it describes itself as“Mobilizing American Christians 2 win India 4 Christ”👇Listen 2 his lecture 2 find out what he thinks of other religions:vimeo.com/164337487
Why we should question scholar #AudreyTruschke’s dislike for @TulsiGabbard (and #NarendraModi)
What we can learn about Truschke, through her book on #Aurangzeb, the bias and ulterior motives which include HER FAMILY TIES👇😡
dailyo.in/voices/audrey-…
Read 4 tweets
Here's an interesting thread on
THE LAST WILL AND TESTIMONY
of the last Great #Mughal- Alamgir
#Aurangzeb.
Below will be the instructions
Alamgir left in his will.
Source: Ahkam-e-alamgiri(Anecdotes of Aurangzeb)
@ssharadmohhan @Biblioventurer @DalrympleWill
1."On behalf of this sinner sunk in iniquity, cover the tomb of Hasan, because those who are drowned in the ocean of sin have no other protection except seeking refugee..forgiveness. This great auspicious act is to be performed by my noble son Prince Alijah(Md. Azam)" @aary_aan
2."Rs 4 and 2 annas, out of the price of caps sewn by me are with Aia Beg, the Mahaldar. Spend this on the shroud of this helpless creature. 300& 5Rs, from the wages of copying Quran,are in my peruse of personal expense.Distribute them to the fakirs on my death, not on my shroud"
Read 14 tweets
I do not glorify the Mughals. I present an even-handed and, above all, a historical analysis of the Mughals. Accusations of 'glorifying' are bad faith misrepresentations of my work by some modern readers, or, more likely, trolls who have not actually read my work. t.co/snsXyQXSX6
As always, yeah, I can back-up those words with hard evidence. Short THREAD.
In my 2017 biography of Aurangzeb Alamgir, I peg the king as a 'Destroyer of Temples' at times. Seriously, that's a title of a chapter in my book on the king. I describe in unvarnished language how he brought down certain temples.
Read 7 tweets
1/n
Firman issued by #Aurangzeb to convert Hindus.
Rs 4 to a Hindu male Rs 2 to a female.
Dated: 7 Apr 1685
2/n
If Devi Chand, Zamindar of Manoharpur, who's in prison, becomes Muslim, better for him.
Else he be killed
3/n
^^
Darbar Khan was ordered (by Aurangzeb) to send a parwanah to Ihatmam Khan, Kotwal of Garhvitli (at Ajmer) with above instructions
Read 16 tweets
#Aurangzeb lived 91 years. In death wrote will dividing the empire among three sons. Bahadurshah who was given 12 provinces killed other two but died in another 12 years #History
Bahadurshah’s son Jahandaar Shah killed his brothers and became #Mughal emperor in 1712, and his mistress, Lal Kunwar ruled by proxy. She was paid 2 Cr per Annum. The first NAC Of Delhi 😂🤦‍♂️
Read 17 tweets

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