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#mughals
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مغل راجپوت تعلقات___تاریخ کے آئینے میں
تاریخ شاہدھے کہ مغل اور راجپوت روابط تاریخ کےسب سےمضبوط سیاسی اتحاد میں سے ایک رھے ہیں۔
"تاج محل" کے پاءوں کے نیچے کی زمین مغلوں کوایک راجپوت کی عنایت کردہ ھے اوران دونوں میں خون کےروابط رھے۔
مغل بادشاہ
جلال الدین اکبر کی شادی راجپوت شہزادی ہرکھا بائی سے ھوئی۔
اس شادی سے پہلے بھی ہمارے پاس یہ تاریخی ثبوت موجود ھے کہ کس طرح ہمایوں نے ایک راجپوت شہزادی جو اسکی راکھی بہن تھی، کی حفاظت کے لیے شیر شاہ سوری کےمقابل ایک جیتی ھوئی جنگ ہار دی۔
اسی ہار نے حقیقت میں ہمیشہ کے لیے اس کی قسمت
بدل کر رکھ دی۔
پھر تاریخ نے لکھا کہ راجپوت_مغل خون کےملاپ نے دو شہنشاہوں شاہجہان اور جہانگیر کو جنم دی۔ یہی اتحاد بہت سے کامیاب حملوں اور فتوحات کاپیش خیمہ بنا۔
تاریخ نے پھر لکھا کہ یہ بندھن لافانی تب بنا جب شاہ جہان نے اپنےپرجوش اور شہرہ افاق منصوبے تاج محل کی تعمیر کیلئے راجپوت
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#DidYouKnow that the Nassak #Diamond, one of the 20 greatest diamonds in the world, is named after the city of Nashik in Maharashtra? Emerging from the famed Golconda mines, it adorned the crown of Lord Shiva in the Trimbakeshwar #Temple near Nashik. 1/4
#jewellery #minerals
As with most of the world’s most valuable #gems, the Nassak too has a dramatic story. It was originally with the #Mughals, who acquired it during their conquest of Golconda in the 17th century. Then they surrendered it as war booty to the #Marathas. 2/4
The Nassak was probably donated to the Trimbakeshwar temple by the Peshwas. In 1817, it was removed by Peshwa Bajirao II, who kept it in his personal treasure. Bajirao II surrendered it to the #British, who seized it when they defeated the Marathas a year later. 3/4
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On this day (14th February) in 1483, the first Mughal emperor Babur was born. 14th February is also marked as an official cultural day in Uzbekistan celebrating the birth anniversary of Babur. This day is known as Babur Day.
During Babur Day, multiple events are conducted that are attended by celebrities, high ranking officials and students.
Musicians sing songs inspired by music pieces commissioned by Babur, poetry written by Babur is recited, painting competitions are held and theatre performances on Babur's life is acted.
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#Hindu #Funerary Monuments - Chhatri

Chhatri is a memorial chapel built over a #tomb found throughout the region of #Rajasthan, #MadhyaPradesh and #Maharashtra. These memorials commemorate the death of rulers, their consorts, relatives and the elite. 1/🧵
If Samadhis were funerary monuments of saints in #Hindus, Chhatris were #Rajput's choice of the memorial. They made sure that the memory of the chivalry of their ancestors passed on to the next generations. Though, all Chhatris did not necessarily contain the mortal remains. 2/
Chhatri i.e. umbrella, first appeared as a canopy above the tomb in #Islamic #architecture. #Hindu kings transformed the tomb into Chhatri. By the 16th C, Rajput courts had started building Chhatris. It was a place where a noble was cremated, memorialized and later worshipped. 3/
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1/n Let’s see in thread how people across ages have seen economic condition of India.

Let’s begin with François Bernier’s records in his work “Travels in the Mogul Empire.”

“There was no middle state. A man must be of the highest rank or live miserably.”
2/n Then he writes:

“Most towns in Hindustan are made up of earth, mud, and other wretched material; that there is no city or town (that) does not bear evident marks of approaching decay.”
3/n He goes on to add info of situation in Timurid (Moghul Empire):

“In eastern countries, the weak and the injured are without any refuge whatever; and the only law that decides all controversies is the cane and the caprice of a governor.”
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Read more on #RamLalKhokhar who beheaded #Mohammad #Ghouri who killed Muhammad Ghori on 15 March 1206. Ghouri #PrithviRa war happened at #Taraori near #Karnal. Even today there are several Khokhar Hndu Jat villages in Karnal, Panipat, Sonipat district.

jatland.com/home/Ram_Lal_K…
Jats also killed Rajiya Sultan at Kaithal, wounded Alexander (he died later from wound related complications), khap warriors guerilla raided Timur looted him & freed Hindu slaves, Bharatpur's Hindu Jat Raja's khap army dug Humanyu's tomb & cremated his bones.
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Today #bahujans
If you have a little reasoning #power,then some #Questions are given to those sly
#Ask #Brahmins Q1) If Chhatrapati #Shivaji Maharaj was the protector of #Hindu religion, then your
Why didn't the father-grandfather crown him? @Profdilipmandal @ProfVilas [Thread]
Q2] Chhatrapati #ShivajiMaharaj you #Brahmins
Should have #danced on his shoulder as he was #fighting against the #Mughals
Were! Why were your ancestors #angry with him? [Thread]
Q3] If indeed #Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's Guru was Ramdas, then he
Why did #Guru #Ramdas Wrote a #foolish king [Shivaji Maharaj] in his Book Bodh Granth? @Profdilipmandal @ProfVilas @artinchow @BharadwajSpeaks [Thread]
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#Jainpersonalities
Who is JAGAT SETH??

India's richest person from whom the #British & #Mughals used to borrow money. Before British rule, our country used to be 'Sone ki Chidiya' due to our rich kings & princely states whose treasuries were full. There was no poverty.
There were such people in India in the 17th-18th century to whom the Mughals & British Empire kept bowing their heads for money. One such household was the 'Jagat Seth' Gharana of Murshidabad, #Bengal. They were originally from #Rajasthan
Jagat Seth was a title given to Fatehchand ji in 1723 AD by Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah. Since then this entire gharana became famous as 'Jagat Seth'. It was considered to be the richest banker's house of those times.
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1 - Skewing the Narrative & Murdering History
Parallel Histories: A search for the truth | Ms @BaelaJamil Mr @BangashYK

Ref

#AikNisab
#SingleNationalCurriculum #SNC #Aik_Nisab #ایک_نصاب #TextBooks
2 - Skewing the Narrative & Murdering History Parallel Histories: A search for the truth | Ms @BaelaJamil Mr @BangashYK

“End History & Create Pakistan Studies”

Ref

#AikNisab #Pakistan
#SingleNationalCurriculum #SNC #Aik_Nisab #ایک_نصاب #TextBooks
3 - Skewing the Narrative & Murdering History Parallel Histories: A search for the truth | Ms @BaelaJamil explains “Conjuring / Imagining Pakistan History”

Ref

#AikNisab #Pakistan
#SingleNationalCurriculum #SNC #Aik_Nisab #ایک_نصاب #TextBooks
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1.
#Thread on Maharani Tarabai's reign, during which Marathas emerged victorious from the 27-Year-War against Mughals.

This is the 4th part of the thread series on the 27 Year War.

#Hindutva #Mughals #Marathas #History
2.
Chhatrapati Rajaram had passed away in early 1700 at Sinhagad. His queen, Maharani Tarabai's regency followed.

Shortly before, Vasantgad, a fort ~40 kms from Satara had fallen to Mughals. Satara fort was besieged.
3.
1700: During the siege of Satara, mine explosions claimed many Mughal lives. But the fort fell to a Mughal assault in April.

Sajjangad, the Samadhi-place of Sant Ramdas, was the next fort to fall in June. Panhala fort was besieged later.
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1.
#Thread on Chhatrapati Rajaram, during whose reign the Mughal War Machine was pushed to its limits, but began to break-down in Deccan!

This thread forms the 3rd part of the thread-series on 27 Year War which saved Hinduism.

#Hindutva #Marathas #Mughals #History
2.
1670, Feb 24: Rajaram born to Shivaji Maharaj as younger son.

1689: Towards end of Sambhaji's reign, Mughals capture forts in Nashik region by treachery. 9 Feb, Rajaram was coronated Chhatrapati at Raigad.
3.
25 Mar- Mughals besiege Raigad, which had Ch Rajaram & Maratha royals. Chhatrapati Sambhaji's widowed queen imparts sage advice to encourage the demoralised Marathas:-

'Marathas should attack Mughal territories as usual & show Aurangzeb that setbacks mean nothing for us.' 🔥
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1.
#Thread on Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj who thwarted Aurangzeb's efforts to annex the Marathas.

This thread forms the 2nd part of our series on the 27-Year-War epic saga, which proved to be death sentence for the Mughal Empire.

#Mughals #Marathas #Hindutva #History
2.
Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was coronated Chhatrapati on 20 July 1680.

At the time of his accession, the nascent Maratha state was surrounded by Mughals, Adilshah, English, Siddis, and the Portuguese.
3.
Close to end of Shivaji’s reign, he had made it a policy to hurt the Mughal economy by targeting its economic centres. Sambhaji Maharaj continued his policy more aggressively.

Burhanpur was attacked in 1680-81. Maulav!s there lamented on being unable to do Friday-namaz
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1.
#Thread on Durgadas Rathore, the Marwar loyalist who became a catalyst for the end of Aurangzeb.

This thread forms the 1st part of our series on the 27-Year-War epic saga, which proved to be death sentence for the Mughal Empire.

#Mughals #Marathas #Rajput #Hindutva #History
2.
1678, Dec 10: The story of Durgadas Rathore begins with the death of Maharaj Jaswant Singh of Marwar.

Aurangzeb wished to annex Marwar on this opportunity; however Durgadas Rathore wanted the infant son of Jaswant Singh, Ajit Singh to be the successor.
3.
Aurangzeb agreed to make him successor only if he was raised in Mughal harem, & converts to Islam.

On this occasion arose the unsung hero, Durgadas Rathore, who was quick to grasp Aurangzeb's long-term plot. He asked Aurangzeb to let Ajit Singh be presented to Mughal court...
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As promised, here is a bibliographical thread of books recommended - as introductory readings - for anyone interested in the life & reign of the Emperor #Aurangzeb Alamgīr (R.A.).
Some of these include suggestions with relevant essays related to his life.
#History #Mughals #books
The Ruka’āt-i-Alamgīri is a collection of his letters to members of the Imperial family, #Mughal noblemen and others.
A must read for anyone interested in an assessment of the Emperor as a family patriarch, administrator and ruler. Easy to read and available to order online.
Sir Jadunath Sarkar’s 5 volume biography of the Mughal Emperor “The History of Aurangzib” also has an abridged version by that prodigious #historian. I recommend this abridged version - readily available - for beginners. A critical assessment of his life but essential reading.
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Today marks the 495th anniversary of the first Battle of #Panipat, fought between a Timurid army led by Zaheer-ud Din Mohammad #Babur and the Afghan king Ibrahim Lodi.
This engagement had a profound impact on the #history of the Indian sub-continent and Islamicate Asia.

#Mughals
The Lodis were the 5th of a succession of Islamic dynasties (collectively known as the Delhi Sultanate) that had ruled Delhi since 1206, for more than 300 years prior to Babur’s advance upon it, in 1526. Until then he had merely raided as far as the frontiers of the Punjab.
#Babur, like other Timurids before him, felt a legitimate claim on Hindustan after its conquest in 1398-99 by Temür, which effectively ended the already tottering Tughlaq Sultanate following the fall of Delhi.
Not until 1451 and the rise of the Lodis, did Delhi recover.
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1.
#Thread on the great #HinduHero of Mewar - Maharana Pratap Singh - more dearly known as Maharana Pratap.

This thread delves into his story of Hindu Resistance to the Mughals.

#Hindutva #Rajput #MaharanaPratap #History #Mewar Image
2.
1540, May 9: Maharana Pratap was born at Kumbhalgarh to Udai Singh II & Jaiwanta Bai.

1568: Akbar sieged & captured Chittorgarh. Mewar base shifted to Kumbhalgarh.

1572, Feb 27: Maharana Udai Singh II passes away, nominates Jagmal - his 9th son - as successor. Image
3.
1572, Mar 1: Mewar nobles support Maharana Pratap for the throne & force Jagmal to step down. Jagmal departs to serve Mughals.

Maharana Pratap makes Kumbhalgarh & Gogunda as his bases of operation against Mughal aggression. ImageImageImage
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(1) #Thread on Lachit Barphukan - the great #HinduHero of Assam

He fought multiple battles against #Mughals between 1662-71, of which the Battle of Saraighat (1671) is more well-known. Image
(2)
1622, Nov 24: Lachit Barphukan was born to Momai Tamuli Borbarua, the Commander-in-Chief of the #Ahom army.

The Ahom kingdom had its capital at Garhgaon (👇, right), and extended upto Manas river in the west (Bongaigaon - western-border town) Image
(3)
1662: Mughal invasion of Assam under Mir Jumla. Lachit had fought in the battle of Dikhowmukh as the leader of royal bodyguard (Dolakaksharia Barua)

During this invasion, a Muslim traveller with Mir Jumla takes note of Ahom weapons. ImageImage
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On 29 December, 1530 Mughal Crown Price Nasīr-ad-Dīn Muhammad ascended the Mughal throne by his regnal name Humāyūn after three days of Emperor Babur's death. Humayun lost the Hindustan at hands of Sher Shah Suri after ruling Mughal Empire 9.5 years.

#Mughals Image
Second time he succeeded to conquer Hindustan after 15 years of his exile to Persia, the Safavid Empire. There is also a famous story associated with Babur's death and Humayun's life.

(Humayun's exile in Persia) Image
It is stated that at a six month stay at Sambhal in 1530, Humayun fell gravely ill. When he became critical he was brought to Agra where all the physicians of the city could not help him improve. It was suggested that a great charity should be made so that Humayun may get better.
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The 6th Mughal Emperor Aurangzēb “Alamgīr” was born on this day in 1618 in the province of Gujarat.
At the time of his birth his father, the Emperor Shah Jehan ruled over the #Mughal Empire and #Aurangzeb was his third son, his elder brothers being Dara Shikoh and Shuja.
Aurangzeb was not his father’s favourite child. Yet he was the most capable. It was always Aurangzeb who was rushed to the most troubled theatres of war to command and confront.
His eldest brother Dara Shikoh - although militarily hopeless - was Shah Jehan’s declared favourite.
Throughout his youth Aurangzeb found himself despatched to the furthest, most tumultuous frontiers of the empire such as Qandahar and the Deccan.
While Dara plotted the succession at court, Aurangzeb endeared himself to his soldiers, through shared experiences in the battlefield.
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The Emperor #Akbar, who came to be regarded as one of the greatest, most enlightened rulers in history was born Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar on this day of 15th October, 1542 in the fort of the Sodha Rajput chieftain of Umarkot, Sindh.

A #Thread.

#Mughals #History Image
Akbar’s father, Emperor Nasir-ud Din Humayun had lost the throne of Hindustan to the Afghan warlord Sher Shah Sur, following the battle of Kannauj in 1540 and was in retreat on the fringes of his erstwhile Timurid empire, founded by Babur (Akbar’s grandfather), in 1526.

#History Image
Akbar’s mother, Hamida Bano was barely 16 when she delivered him. Of Iranian ancestry, Hamida Bano has often been mistaken for a Shia. She was descended from the spiritual mystic Maulana Ahmad of Jam and met Humayun when he first arrived in Sindh, in 1540-41.

#History Image
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1 - Why Raja Sahab Mahmudabad aka Nawab Mohammad Amir Ahmed Khan (surrogate / adopted son of #Jinnah ) left Pakistan ? Explains Renowned Historian Mr Hassan Jafar Zaidi

#TwoNationTheory #Democracy #Pakistan #India via @sujagvideos
2 - Why Raja Sahab Mahmudabad aka Nawab Mohammad Amir Ahmed Khan (surrogate / adopted son of #Jinnah ) left Pakistan ? Explains Renowned Historian Mr Hassan Jafar Zaidi

#TwoNationTheory #Democracy #Pakistan #India via @sujagvideos
To say that #Jinnah & #AIML wanted to make #Secular #Liberal #Pakistan not the Theocratic State is a Half Truth ! How would you explain #Islamic Speeches of Jinnah ? Reference: ia600504.us.archive.org/16/items/relig… ( cc @Dr_IshtiaqAhmad @omarali50 )

#TwoNationTheory #Islam #India #Partition ImageImageImage
Read 73 tweets
महान शासक ओरंगजेब द्वारा किया गया एक ऐसा इन्साफ , जिसे देश की जनता से छुपाया गया l

औरंगज़ेब काशी बनारस की एक ऐतिहासिक मस्जिद (धनेडा की मस्जिद) यह एक ऐसा इतिहास है जिसे पन्नो से तो हटा दिया गया है लेकिन निष्पक्ष इन्सान और हक़ परस्त लोगों के दिलो से
1/n Image
(चाहे वो किसी भी कौम का इन्सान हो) मिटाया नहीं जा सकता, और क़यामत तक मिटाया नहीं जा सकेगा…।औरंगजेब आलमगीर की हुकूमत में काशी बनारस में एक पंडित की लड़की थी जिसका नाम शकुंतला था,

उस लड़की को एक मुसलमान जाहिल सेनापति ने अपनी हवस का शिकार बनाना चाहा, और उसके बाप से कहा के
2/n
तेरी बेटी को डोली में सजा कर मेरे महल पे 7 दिन में भेज देना…. पंडित ने यह बात अपनी बेटी से कही, उनके पास कोई रास्ता नहीं था और पंडित से बेटी ने कहा के 1 महीने का वक़्त ले लो कोई भी रास्ता निकल जायेगा…।

पंडित ने सेनापति से जाकर कहा कि, “मेरे पास इतने पैसे नहीं हैं के
3/n
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ImageImageImage
Pointing out #HateMongering, #AbusiveBehaviour etc is #VictimComplex,but all day will be crying out same #VictimCompLex against #Brits & #Mughals!!
For these #Viraats, #Hindus are not victim based upon if they were wronged, but rather "who" wronged(& #Viraats can do no wrong)!!😏 Image
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Let's discuss point by point. How many of u learned of the detailed account of how much was looted during #BritishRaj ? Look how #Hindus were made to suffer. From a surplus country with all the riches in the world to the daily average per capita income of 5pices/2 1/2 cents...1/n Image
2/n
#ConversionMafia propagates, "if British didn't rule India, then there's no India at all." #SleepingHindus fall for such false information and become an easy prey, as they don't know what actually happened.

If the levied tax on land is 65% more than the produce, how Image
3/n
will farmers survive?
Our #Hindu rulers used to provide almost free education to all the people in their Kingdoms. Look at how much #Britishers spent on Indians education. They never cared about our sanitation, but all they cared was our army, spent whooping 330 millions Image
Read 12 tweets

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