Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #RomanEmpire

Most recents (24)

ATTENTION: 🇹🇷| NOW: Preliminary 7.7 magnitude #earthquake hits southern #Turkey.
🇹🇷| URGENT: LAST MINUTE: Magnitude 7.8 #earthquake hits southern #Turkey; Major damage reported.
🇹🇷 #Erbil #Turkey, population is leaving the city.
Read 63 tweets
El Circo Máximo

El Circo Máximo, de unos 600 metros de largo y 150 de ancho, podía albergar quizás -según las estimaciones de Plinio el Viejo- a 250.000 espectadores (entre un cuarto y un quinto de la población de la ciudad en la época imperial)

y sigue siendo el mayor edificio de espectáculos jamás construido por el hombre. Se dice que el emplazamiento del circo fue el de la famosa carrera que distrajo a los sabinos mientras se producía la violación de sus mujeres.

Según Livio, las primeras estructuras de madera se remontan a la época de Tarquinio Prisco, y en época republicana se construyeron varios edificios para conformar el circo, primero de madera y luego de piedra, hasta que lo completó Augusto,

Tarquinio Prisco

Read 8 tweets
Oh, Rome, the eternal city, the magnificent place, the capital of the mighty #RomanEmpire. Right?

Wrong. Ok, right, but only partially.

The capital (s) of the Roman Empire (as there was more than one) and the shift to the East.

A thread 🧵
A town founded in 753 BC at the banks of Tiber, by the first century BC, Rome turned into the most important city in the Mediterranean. Its optimal location, in the middle of #Italy, right in the centre of the Mediterranean basin, resulted in the rapid growth of the city. /1
It also helped that #Rome was the capital of the rising power, the Roman Republic, which by the end of the first century BC, defeated all its major rivals, including Carthage and the Hellenistic Kingdoms in the East. /2
Read 21 tweets
You are a #Roman soldier born in province of Dalmatia (modern-day #Croatia). Most of your life you've spent on the Adriatic coast, in the warm Mediterranean climate. It is a paradise on Earth. And it is the heartland of the mighty #RomanEmpire.

Your life is about to change... /1
Then, your emperor, great #Hadrian, commands you and your unit to move. Not to the East, where you could still enjoy all benefits of civilization. Or to Africa, also a place to be.

No, Hadrian dispatches you to the ends of the known world. To the cold and hostile Brittania /2
Precisely, you and your unit are sent to man the furthermost part of the northern frontier. To the Hadrian wall, which is nearing its completion. In the following decade, you will guard this remote outpost against the barbarian threat. /3
Read 7 tweets
Gestern einen Tagesausflug zur Landesausstellung: "Der Untergang des Römischen Reiches" nach #Trier gemacht. Die Ausstellung behandelt die Zeit von der Tetrachie bis zu Justians versuchter Rückeroberung des Westreiches. Ein Thread 1/8
#Museum #RomanEmpire #Archaeology
Von den ausgestellten Objekten sind dort wirklich Beeindruckende Stücke aus der ganzen Welt. Fast alle bedeutende Stücke der Spätantike aus einem Lehrbuch findet man dort mindestens in Kopie. Die Ausstellung ist chronologisch mit 2 thematischen Räumen zwischendurch. 2/8
Die Thematischen Räume befassen sich mit dem Christentum und den Veränderungen im städtischen Leben.
Besonders positiv ist das dekonstruieren von Monokausaulen Erklärung und die offene Kritik von ethischen Zuschreibenung an Hand von Grabbeigaben. 3/8
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The so-called "decline" of the #RomanEmpire - a thread 🧵

Many imagine the decline of the Roman Empire as this image of the ruined Roman Forum, the grandiose structures in ruin or disrepair, and cows and chickens walking around the site...but it is more complex... /1
Let's consider the Roman urban culture. Inherited from #Greece, curia ruled Rome and other cities. Those were the wealthy citizens that financed most of the buildings, repaired existing ones, and ran the daily affairs of the city.

In the East, the assembly was called boulē /2
It is easy to assume that the curiales, i.e, the wealthy and influential citizens preferred to build new monuments and structures, as it brought them considerable political capital.

After all, each citizen could see who built his favorite baths or library. Or market. /3
Read 22 tweets
When the Western Roman emperor Constantius died in 306 ce, his son, Constantine, was named the next emperor at York (in present-day Britain). However, in Rome, Maxentius laid claim to the same title. For nearly six years, Constantine avoided a direct confrontation.
However, in 312 ce, he gathered an army of 40,000 and marched into Rome.
A decisive and historic battle in 312 ce, the Battle of Milvian Bridge was fought between two challengers to the Roman Empire's throne: Constantine and Maxentius.
Read 7 tweets
How the ancient Romans built roads to last thousands of years

Historical Thread.

There's a reason why the saying 'All roads lead to Rome' is still a thing.
During its zenith under the reign of Septimius Severus in 211 C.E., the mighty Roman Empire stretched over much of Europe, from the Atlantic to the Ural Mountains and from modern-day Scotland to the Sahara or the Arabian Gulf.
Crucial to maintaining dominion over such a large empire was Rome’s huge and intricate network of roads that remained unparalleled even a thousand years after its collapse.
Read 60 tweets
Issue #36: The Genesis of “Ledger Money” and the Modern Financial System…

#LedgerMoney, #FinancialSystems, #DevelopmentTimeline
Modern culture blames parents for forces beyond their control | Aeon Essays…

#culture, #essay, #AdultChildren, #ParentalEstrangement, #blame, #psychology, #responsibility
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A thread on an important symbol: the #maltesecross of the #KnightsHospitaller and it’s use in #definingpower #elite #networks #deepstate #worldgovernment
The #maltesecross of the #KnightsHospitaller are displayed by the Order of St John, Royal Victorian Order & Order of the Bath (GCB) - dynastic orders / orders of chivalry in the UK honours system. ImageImageImageImage
The last 8 Lord Mayor’s of the City of London Corporation, all Knights in the Order of St John - the British branch of the #knightshospitaller

The city brands itself as the oldest continuous municipal ‘democracy’ and serves as the model for the British Parliament. ImageImage
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#RomanSiteSaturday - Maison Carrée 🏛️

(1/7) Situated in the French city of #Nîmes, the Maison Carrée ("Square House") is an amazing example of #Roman imperial architecture and among the best preserved temples from antiquity.

#Classics #Archaeology #France #History
(2/7) Constructed during the late 1st century BCE, the temple was completed c. 2 CE. Its original function is unknown, however between 4 - 7 CE it was dedicated to Gaius Caesar and Lucius Caesar, the grandsons of the Roman Emperor Augustus who had both died young.
(3/7) Architecturally, it serves as a textbook example of Roman temple building described by the architect Vitruvius. Built in the Tuscan style, it features a single cult room (cella) and a deep porch. Raised c. 3m above ground on a podium, it dominated the ancient city's forum.
Read 9 tweets
#RomanSiteSaturday - The Temple of Bacchus🏛️🍷

(1/6) Located in Baalbek, #Lebanon, the Temple of #Bacchus is an amazing example of Imperial Roman architecture, adorned with Corinthian columns and lavishly decorated ceilings and parapets.

#Classics #Roman #Archaeology #History
(2/6) Likely constructed under emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161CE), the temple is a massive 66m long, 35m wide and 31m tall, which is larger than the Parthenon in Athens! 8 columns wide and 15 columns deep, it features a walled cult room split between two floors and a crypt.
(3/6) Despite its namesake, it is unknown as to which deity it was dedicated. Archaeological evidence from the site however suggests #Bacchus, as the interior design depicts a god of wine and ecstasy and other Bacchic symbolism like Maenads and revellers.
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1. St Ignatius was a successor of St Peter as Bishop of Antioch. The young Church still had to operate extremely carefully and as inconspicuous as possible because the Roman authorities were constantly on the case of the Faithful. Image
2. [This difficult situation continued until a Roman Emperor had a dream that he would win the battles of the Roman Empire under the sign of the cross and finally became a Christian – this was Emperor Constantine.]

#history #RomanEmpire #EarlyChurch #Christian #StIgnatius
3. On his journey to Rome Ignatius wrote seven letters to different churches about Christ, the structure of the Church and Christian life. Eventually, St Ignatius was martyred under the Emperor Trajan by being thrown to the lions in the Colosseum in 107 A.D.

Read 5 tweets
#Germany #RomanEmpire #Kalkreise #VarusBattlefield

On the ancient battlefield of Kalkriese, archaeologists have recovered an almost completely preserved Roman rail armor. It is the oldest specimen of this type and could testify to bloody rituals of the Germanic tribes.
The scientists from Kalkriese and the University of Osnabrück discovered the tank in 2018 when a detector showed a large metal object in the ground during the ongoing excavations.
In contrast to the protection vestd of the second century, which also protected the armpits from the shoulders, those of the Varus legionnaires were more like vests, which left the upper arms completely free.
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1. St Symphorian was the son of Faustus, of a noble Christian family, and suffered at Autun in Gaul, in the reign of Marcus Aurelius.

He had been baptised by St Benignus,
#StSymphorian #EarlyChurch #Christians #Christian Image
2. and was remarkable for his modesty, prudence, charity, and the innocence of his manners.

For refusing to pay public homage to the pagan idols, carried before Heraclius, governor of the province.

Heraclius, being seated on his tribunal, asked him
#RomanEmpire #Christianity
3. why he refused to adore the gods.

He answered, because he was a Christian, and adored the true God who reigneth in heaven. Heraclius commanded him to be cruelly beaten with clubs, and sent him to prison.

Two days after, he was brought out of his dark dungeon, and presented
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1. Laurence was born in Spain and became a deacon in Rome. During the persecution of Valerian, he was ordered to hand over all the valuables of the Church. St Laurence thereupon

#StLawrence #StLaurence #Aug10 #Christian Image
2. gathered numerous poor people in the area, presented them to the city prefect and said, “Here is the Church’s treasure.” After his arrest in 258, he was burned to death by being roasted on a gridiron.

#RomanEmpire #romanbritain #Romans #history #persecution of Christians

Glorious St Laurence, model of Christian fortitude, please in your loving kindness to pray for me before the throne of God. To you I have recourse in the problems that daily surround me.

Shield me against my selfishness and my indifference to God and my neighbour.
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1. Emperor Diocletian, by the first edicts which he issued out against the Christians in 303, declared them infamous, and debarred from all protection of the laws, and from all the privileges of citizens. #Christians #RomanEmpire #JesusChrist Image
2. The tyrant hoped to see their very name extinguished; but he was not aware that this divine religion then triumphs when its adherents seem to be overcome by death, and that by it human weakness is made victorious over the power of death.

#Christianity #Bible #GospelOfTheDay
3. St Julitta is an instance. She was a rich lady of Caesarea,in Cappadocia, and was charged with being a #Christian. The judge commanded her to offer sacrifice to the idols; but she courageously made him this answer:“May rather my body be cut in pieces, rather than
Read 9 tweets

1. Tertullian observes, that the sanctity and purity of the manners of the Christians was a sufficient motive to stir up the rage of Emperor Nero,
#FirstMartyrsOfTheChurchOfRome #EarlyChurch #Christianity #Jesus
2. himself an avowed enemy of all virtue.

He took the following occasion to discredit them: The city of Rome had been set on fire, and had burned nine days, from the 19th to the 28th of July, in the year 64. During this horrible tragedy,

#RomanEmpire #History #Emperor #Nero
3. Nero came from Antium to Rome, and seated himself on the top of a tower upon a neighbouring hill, in the theatrical dress of a musician, singing a poem which himself had composed on the burning of Troy. The people said he caused fire to be set to the city

#Iliad #Troy
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1. During the Christian persecution of Decius were found in Ephesus seven Christian men, that is to wit, Maximian, Malchus, Marcianus, Denis, John, Serapion, and Constantine, practising fastings and prayers,
#Siebenschlaefer #SevenSleepers
2. who refused to sacrifice to the pagan idols. Because they were told they must die, they gave nearly everything away to the poor and went to hide in a cave near the mount of Celion.

Malchus went into the city to fetch food for all.He overheard the market people talking about
3. the emperor's great fury over the disappearance of those Christians. And Malchus set before them the loaves of bread that he had brought, so that they were comforted and were more strong for to suffer torments. After their meal, they sat in #prayer and weeping and wailings
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1. Paulinus was born in the year of salvation 353, of a most illustrious family of Roman citizens at Bordeaux and he later attained senatorial dignity. He was made consul of Nola but
#StPaulinusOfNola #Jun22 #CatholicTwitter #EarlyChurch Image
2. struck by a ray of the divine light, he resigned the consulship and returning to Bordeaux, he was baptised by St Delphinus.


Then he sold his abundant property,

#conversion #JesusChrist #FollowMe
3. distributed the money to the poor and retired to Spain, where he was ordained a priest. When he returned to Nola, he built a monastery near the tomb of St Felix and entered upon a most strict monastic life with some companions.

#RomanEmpire #History #monastery #Christianity
Read 9 tweets
Today's #MuseumsUnlocked topic is so interesting to me that I like to share an entire thread, instead of few tweets.
In all the territories of their Empire, #Romans built cities that always share common features and monuments: one of the most recognizable was the #Amphitheatre
Let's start our trip to the Romans amphitheatres from the Capital. The Flavian Amphitheatre, alias the #Colosseum (72-80 AD), is still the most iconic monument of #Rome. It could hold 50-80.000 people, assisting a variety of public spectacles, even sea battle! #MuseumsUnlocked
Also the already mentioned #Aquileia used to have its own amphitheatre, built in the I cent AD. Preserved only in remains, it was identified in the XIX cent. by E. Maionica and is currently under investigation by @UniVerona: looking forward for new discoveries! #MuseumsUnlocked
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Mohanlal a.k.a Lalettan happens to be the patron saint of Malayalis. His films have influenced every aspect of our lives, even the name of our quiz team CIDs From Kerala.

On his 60th birthday, a thread on the lesser known tidbits about him.

#Mohanlalbirthday #Mohanlal60
1. #Mohanlal was a wrestler par excellence in the 1970s, and stood first in the #Kerala State Wrestling competition representing the Veerakerala Gymkhana in Vanchiyoor, #Thiruvananthapuram.

#Mohanlalbirthday #Mohanlal60 Image
2. #Lalettan is the third person to be awarded an honorary black belt by the Taekwondo Association of India, in an effort to promote the sport amongst youngsters. The first two recipients were Shah Rukh Khan and former Mizoram Chief Minister Pu Lalthanhawla.

#SRK #Taekwondo Image
Read 35 tweets
Beginnings of Julias Ceasar #History #RomanEmpire #Caesar Image
Gaius Julias Caesar was born on 12 July 100 BC. His parents were GaiusCaesar and Aurelia Lotta. When Julias was born his family knew that he was their man. As Julias grew up, he knew he needed a job. So, he became a high priest in Rome 1/3
This job did not last long. The people of Rome threw him out of the job. Julias was left with no job. He needed more money. Julias went in search of jobs, but none suited him 2/3
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ROTOLO n.2 – Lararia in Pompeii and Herculaneum
Follow @Polemicarc for more –
#larario #lararium #pompeii #herculaneum #architecture #arquitectura #RomanEmpire
The Lararium is an altar sacred to the Lares, the deities of the ancestors according to the Romans. The word has an Etruscan origin, as 'lar' meant 'father' in their language.
Lararia were mini-shrines, permanently in use, and were worshipped by both the high and low class.
Here, one of the richest ones I’ve ever seen (Herculaneum):
Read 15 tweets

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