Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #StrategicCompass

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Recent Publications & Threads (A 🧵)
I. Articles & Commentaries Published
II. Interviews with me on (European) Politics & Security
III. Threads on #Ukraine #Germany #EU #UK #CEE and more.
Gathered in one place ...
I. Articles and Commentaries

8. Are #Czechia & #Slovakia the #EU's New Radical Centre
for @RUSI_org
rusi.org/explore-our-re…
I. Articles and Commentaries

7. Ukraine Doesn't Need Half-Measures from the #EU
for @ForeignPolicy
foreignpolicy.com/2022/04/07/ukr…
Read 21 tweets
Russia’s invasion of #Ukraine has triggered Europe’s gravest security crisis and human suffering in decades.

It also started to shape and raise new questions for the 🇪🇺EU’s foreign policy.

@LisaMusiol and I assessed them in this piece - THREAD:
crisisgroup.org/europe-central…
It’s hard to overstate the EU’s response to Russian aggression.

Despite long-standing divisions over 🇷🇺's threat, the EU’s initial response came with scale and speed rarely seen before, with the strongest sanctions in 🇪🇺 history and an instant surge of direct military aid to 🇺🇦
In doing so, the EU broke several long-standing taboos.

This could create momentum toward a bolder EU foreign policy in the future. For that to happen, the EU will have to answer complex questions, which have been largely brushed aside while the EU is in crisis mode.
Read 21 tweets
[Thread] New 🧵 on the #StrategicCompass, this time on one timely provision of the EU treaties: the mutual assistance clause (article 42-7 TEU).
eeas.europa.eu/eeas/strategic…
1/ Introduced by the Lisbon Treaty, the "mutual assistance clause" of article 42(7) of the Treaty on EU states that if a member state is the victim of “armed aggression on its territory” other states have an “obligation of aid and assistance by all the means in their power.”
The clause does "not prejudice the specific character of the security and defense policy of certain Member States" (neutral countries), and is "consistent with commitments under NATO, which remains [for its members] the foundation of their collective defense."
Read 13 tweets
[Thread] New 🧵 on the #StrategicCompass. Let’s explore another measure of the Compass: EU-backed coalitions of the willing (under article 44 TEU).
1/ What the #StrategicCompass says: "By 2023, we will decide on practical modalities for implementing Article 44 of the Treaty on EU to allow a group of willing and able Member States to plan and conduct a mission/operation within the EU framework".
So, the basic idea is to better use the flexibility offered by the EU treaties (article 44) to quickly launch 🇪🇺 operations undertaken by a group of willing and able European countries.
Read 11 tweets
[Thread] Now that the #StrategicCompass has been adopted by EU leaders, let’s have a deep dive into some of the concrete actions agreed in this 🇪🇺 document.

Today, the EU Rapid Deployment Capacity.
First, if you’re wondering what the #StrategicCompass is, here is a quick presentation:
So, the EU Rapid Deployment Capacity is easily the measure of the #StrategicCompass which triggered the most comments/questions. It has been wrongly presented either as a new Europe "force"/"army", or as a simple rebranding of the EU battlegroups.
reuters.com/world/europe/g…
Read 13 tweets
New SAMP-T 🚀 talks (@NATO summit) confirms our preliminary @ENC_Europe research findings on 🇫🇷🇹🇷🇮🇹 security & 🇪🇺 cooperation.

Title: Is 🇪🇺🇹🇷 relationship worth saving? Why bilateral relations, defence and energy matter.

Thread 🧵 resume of research below ⬇️👇 [17 points]
First some context, what lay at the root of difficult 🇪🇺🇹🇷🇺🇸 relations (including defence):

•PKK/YPG/PYD threat
•Gulen in 🇺🇸 Pennsylvania
•🇹🇷Democracy/ROL
•🇹🇷 trade irritants/non-competitive practices
•Discovery of #Eastmed gas, UNCLOS & #JCPOA 🇮🇷 problems . . .
•🇹🇷 EU membership “diluting 🇪🇺” (🇫🇷)
•🇹🇷 MB sponsoring (🇫🇷)
•🇹🇷 #EastMed provocations & 🇺🇳Libya issue 🇫🇷⛴
•🇹🇷 unilateralism in Syria (🇫🇷)
•International systemic changes (🇺🇸🇨🇳)
•Iraq war and “strategic autonomy”
•S-400s, ☢️Akkayu and Blue&TurkStream ⛽️
•Cyprus 🇨🇾 . . .
Read 20 tweets
A 🧵 on aspects of the #EU's #StrategicCompass, including #EastMed

1. The release of this document is important in itself. Putting it together was a long and complex process. It was a difficult but valuable effort to bridge MS national interests/concerns & present a cohesive >>
"plan of action for strengthening the EU's #security and #defence policy by 2030."

2. The objective of making the EU "a stronger and more capable security provider" is rather ambitious. Especially since the doc admits that EU security & defense will be complementary to #NATO >>
"which remains the foundation of collective defence for its members".

3. However it should be noted that the objectives under the 1st of the 4 pillars (i.e. Act) can enhance the EU's military and security role. These include:

- a Rapid Deployment Capacity of up to 5000 troops>
Read 14 tweets
[Thread] The EU member states have adopted today the #StrategicCompass. A long 🧵 on this important 🇪🇺 document:
1/ The origins: the development of the #StrategicCompass was launched under 🇩🇪 presidency of the EU in 2020. The previous 🇪🇺 strategic document, known as the EU Global Strategy, dated from 2016. 🇪🇺 countries therefore thought that a new roadmap on security and defense was needed.
As stressed, “the new strategic landscape requires us to act with a far greater sense of urgency and determination and show mutual assistance and solidarity in case of aggression against one of us. The moment for decisive steps to ensure our freedom of action is now.”
Read 22 tweets
Entering the summit of 🇪🇺 defence ministers in Brussels, 🇩🇪German Defence Minister Christine Lambrecht says the EU's new rapid military deployment capability will be the "military heart" of the new European security policy.

It's a "clear signal" to 🇷🇺Russia, she says.
🇫🇮Finland's Defence Minister Antti Kaikkonen says the #UkraineWar means there must be "more cooperation" in 🇪🇺EU defence, and "more steps forward".

"I hope we get results today, and later this week."

#Finland is not in #NATO but has recently been participating in NATO summits.
The defence minister of 🇸🇪#Sweden, also not in #NATO but recently in meetings, sounds same tone on the need for 🇪🇺EU to coordinate its military response.

He also echoes other ministers today on #Mariupol: "What Putin and the Russian government are doing is a repeated #WarCrime"
Read 5 tweets
🇪🇺🇺🇦👇important contribution. Start of debate forcing itself onto #EU agenda when Leaders meet for 'Growth summit' in Versailles next week.
Personally I have no doubt a "doubling-down" on EU #borrowing capacity in time will be necessary -- but not necessarily as proposed.
As a quick take, I think @benjaminhaddad @maxbergmann's proposal:
- lacks ambition in the most adverse scenario (1⃣) (obvious)
- faces question about EU borrowing priority in world we are waking up to tomorrow (2⃣);
- requires discussion of European defence fundamentals (3⃣).
1⃣ Worst-case: rest of Europe gets pulled into war w/ Russia. What nobody wishes, is not inconceivable.
We are then talking about something entirely different in scale in terms of mobilising resources across society, including issuance of war debt, to finance the effort.
Read 18 tweets
🇷🇺🔥🇺🇦 #Rusia Vs #Ucrania (día 4) - #IMPORTANTE Como en días anteriores, condensaremos toda la nueva información sobre la #guerra de Ucrania en este #hilo 🧵. Muchísimas gracias por compartir. Intentaremos ser lo más precisos y objetivos que nos sea posible.
🇷🇺🔥🇺🇦 #Rusia Vs #Ucrania (día 4) - Según distintas fuentes, los rusos habrían conseguido llegar al centro de #Kharkov, la segunda mayor ciudad ucraniana, tras otra noche de combates y bombardeos. Se pide a los ciudadanos que permanezcan a cubierto.

🇷🇺🔥🇺🇦 #Rusia Vs #Ucrania (día 4) - En varios vídeos se pueden ver tropas rusas en el interior de #Kharkov, incluyendo vehículos destruidos. La ciudad ha estado sometida durante muchas horas a intensos bombardeos y ha caído tras tres días de combates.

Read 74 tweets
Why Europe's #StrategicCompass Points to Trouble Ahead 🧵
1. The EU's #Gymnich meeting last week confirmed the direction of the Union's draft security strategy, the 'Strategic Compass
This is bad news - for the #EU, the #US, #NATO & liberal ordering.
ip-quarterly.com/en/why-europes…
2. Many experts have worried that the compass will just be another false dawn in European security and defence - more big promises without the possibility of delivering the capabilities needed to make good on them. In short - the EU's ego is writing cheques its body can't cash.
3. That ongoing capability gap will cause problems BUT its not the biggest risk the new strategy poses. The #StrategicCompass presents the darkest worldview ever avowed by the #EU- a far cry from its previous- & successful -progressive, optimistic approach
ip-quarterly.com/en/why-europes…
Read 14 tweets
Welcome to DAY 2⃣ of #PPCParis!

We're back at @SciencesPo_CEE to speak about #StrategicAutonomy in Europe!

Before we begin, make sure to catch up on everything you missed from day 1 👉 threadreaderapp.com/thread/1468915…

/THREAD 🧵
Today we are taking a close look at #StrategicAutonomy in a roundtable

TEPSA Secretary-General @CloosJim will discuss with @elvirefabry (@DelorsInstitute), @RoderickParkes (@dgapev), Pierre Vimont (@Carnegie_Europe), and Cyril Piquemal

@Cornelia_Woll will moderate

/2
"There is a new awareness of the need to the EU to be a global actor, especially since 2016 when #Brexit and #Trump happened, and with a rising #China"

- @CloosJim's opening remarks to the roundtable

/3
Read 46 tweets
#PPCParis is about to begin! If you can't join us live at @SciencesPo_CEE then make sure to check out our Twitter highlights!

/THREAD🧵
Welcome to DAY 1⃣ of #PPCParis! Florence Haegel from @SciencesPo_CEE is opening the conference now: "The overlapping of #EU2022FR with the #FrenchElections of 2022 will frame the agenda of the French Presidency to a great extent"

/2
As part of these welcoming words to #PPCParis we thank Florence Haegel for her warm words and short analysis of the upcoming French Presidency of the @EUCouncil

We're about to hear also from TEPSA Secretary-General @CloosJim

/3
Read 61 tweets
My dear followers, I know it is the weekend, but I can't help myself and I must comment on #Borrell in Moscow. I'm afraid yesterday we mourned #EuropeanStrategicAutonomy Why? Because how can we agree on a more autonomous #Europe if it fails to defend&protect ALL of its MS? 1/n
As we know, #Russia is conducting a broad, aggressive campaign against the West. It is not only about threatening #NATO and #EasternFlank militarily (how? see here: pism.pl/file/45eda714-… ) 2/n
It is about energy coercion (see for instance here: pism.pl/files/?id_plik… ), about using disinformation, illegal money, propaganda and "active measures" to divide the #EU and #NATO (see here : osw.waw.pl/sites/default/… 3/n
Read 9 tweets

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