¿Creéis que guerras como la Primera Guerra Mundial pueden haber ayudado en la búsqueda de la cura contra cáncer? Para averiguarlo os voy a hablar del gas mostaza y el origen de la quimioterapia. #WWI100#WWIcentenary#WWI#GuerraMundial
Ahora vamos a viajar hasta la Primera Guerra Mundial, julio 1917, Ypres (Bélgica): los soldados detectan una extraña nube de gas en su posición. En las siguientes 24 horas les salen quemaduras, ampollas y algunos tosen sangre. Es el inicio de la guerra química.
Una de las características de la Primera Guerra Mundial es que por primera vez se usó a gran escala armas químicas que en forma de gas herían a las tropas enemigas. De allí lo popular que se volvieron esas máscaras que llevaban los soldados.
I am a specialist in 18th-19th Cy European history, but I once spent a summer doing research on the First World War. Here in honor of #WWI100 are some of the horrible things I learned:
First, some numbers: in #WWI an average of 900 French and 1300 German soldiers died EVERY DAY. At the end, 20,000,000 (twenty million) soldiers were disabled. 2/n
Western Front was 475 miles long, but it is estimated that 25,000 miles of trenches snaked along it. #WWI was a boon to the barbed-wire industry. Before 1914, British Army annually used 2500 shovels. During it? 2,500,000
1/ The 92d division was one of two all-black combat divisions to fight in the war (the other the was the 93rd division, made up mostly of black national guardsmen). It's insignia was the buffalo in honor of the famed “buffalo soldiers” of the Regular Army.
2/ It is important to emphasize that the army did not want black combat soldiers. From the beginning they were seen as a "problem." Black soldiers in the Regular Army were not sent to France. As for black draftees, the War Dept. hoped to use them exclusively as laborers.
African American soldiers have served in every war in the United States. In choosing to join the military, African Americans sought to have their service understood by the nation as a demand for liberty and citizenship. We honor your sacrifice. #VeteransDay#APeoplesJourney
African American men and women who engaged in the military made their service useful not only for the good of their country, but to benefit both their personal lives and their community. #VeteransDay#APeoplesJourney
Approximately 5,000 to 6,000 African Americans served in the Colonial Forces; an estimated 20,000 served with the British Forces. Prince Simbo was a Revolutionary War Patriot who fought for his country's liberty, while many remained enslaved. #VeteransDay#APeoplesJourney
The #WorldWar1 Armistice signing was enthusiastically celebrated in China, too - with street rallies, a military parade, and even a new commemorative gate. It might have been the "European War" 歐戰, but for many Chinese it held promise of redress for colonial invasion. #WWI100
"The World Will Be Made Safe For Democracy"
"為世界造和平“ Creating Peace for the World
”世界大同“ Great Global Unity
are some of the signs held aloft in November 1918 in Beijing. #WorldWar1#WWI100#Armistice
(A year later of course, students will be on the streets of Beijing again - protesting the concessions given to Japan after #WWI at the great expense of Chinese sovereignty.)
November 1919 Tiananmen student demonstration
From the Sidney Gamble collection at @DukeLibraries
Nov. 11 is the 100th anniversary of #WWI's end. As US troops were only directly involved for ~1 year, it pales in comparison to WWII in the American psyche. But WWI was a massive conflict that altered everything & set the stage for WWII. Here's some stuff worth reading/watching:
Sometimes, the total black and white and silent nature of so much WWI footage makes it seem incredible foreign to us. So check out "World War One In Color," which came out around the time of the 75th anniversary of the conflict. It's all on YouTube.
For reading, a good place to start is "The Guns of August" by Barbara Tuchman. It has its historical criticisms, but it remains one of the best works on the outbreak of the conflict. It was a book that influenced JFK's thinking in the midst of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Turks commemorate the death of a #GREAT leader who saved #Turkey from collapsing. The country was about to fall to Greeks before 1922, but this #BRAVE man formed Free Turkish Army - which was joined by millions of Turks - and stood against the enemy. #WWI#AtaturkMemorialDay 1/3
The first thing he did was to educate the illiterate people of Turkey who were suffering from ignorance of #Ottoman Empire. He refused to use Arabic characters for Turkish language and slowly replaced Arabic words with Western ones. The Turks owe this #INCREDIBLE man 2/3
However, when it comes to Kurdish question, he was the #WORST Turkish leader. He even did not recognize them "Kurds", but "mountainous Turks." He initiated the policy of #assimilation and imprisoned thousands of Kurds for political reasons. In this regard, he was a #DICTATOR 3/3