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Introducing an insightful Twitter thread discussing the concerns raised by prominent Oromo politician Lencho Leta about Ethiopia's current state and exploring the implications of various government actions. Find out more about the challenges Ethiopia faces
🧵1/9: Lencho Leta, a prominent #Oromo politician, expressed concern for #Ethiopia's current state in a recent interview, fearing system failure. As a founding member of the Oromo Liberation Front and initiator of the Oromo Democratic Front, Leta is a key figure in Oromo politics
🧵2/9: Leta is a strong supporter of PM Abiy and has been influential in releasing Oromo political prisoners. However, certain actions by the PM, such as imposing Oromo interests in Addis Ababa, have led to unrest and the loss of core supporters. #politics #Ethiopia @ervstours
Read 11 tweets
1/18 🇪🇹 The Ethiopian government, led by the Prosperity Party and primarily representing the Oromo ethnic group, has been accused of using starvation as a weapon against the Amhara region. In this thread, we'll explore the reasons behind this troubling issue. #Ethiopia #Amhara
2/18 🌍 Ethiopia's diverse ethnic makeup has given rise to ethnic tensions and political rivalries. The Amhara region, home to the Amhara ethnic the group has been particularly affected by these dynamics. #EthnicTension #AmharaRegion
3/18 🏛️ The Prosperity Party, which emerged from the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), has been in power since 2019. The party has strong representation from the Oromo ethnic group, the largest in Ethiopia. #ProsperityParty #Oromo
Read 19 tweets
Thread on #politics and #religion in #Ethiopia 1/14: The country is bracing for a new, nationwide, protest, with possible ensuing widespread violence on Sunday 12. Feb. This time ostensibly over #religion and control of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church #EOTC. #Oromo #Tigray
2/14: The conflict in #EOTC has deep roots, but flared up recently when a group of #Oromo clergy broke with the Church leadership and established a separate Synod, arguing that Oromo representation and culture had been marginalised throughout centuries.
3/14: #Oromo clergy protested that Afaan Oromo was not used in Church, leading to an alienation of the Church from its flock & the decrease of adherents, as well as clergy appointed to #Oromia “don't understand the language and the culture of the people”.
Read 14 tweets
1/12: Analysing politics in #Ethiopia is to try to capture a moving target. Our scholarly approach and understanding have over decades been "blunted" by the incessant fundamental political events happening every so often: large scale conflicts, mass atrocities, revolutions, etc.
2/12: This constant stream of political shocks has become a “normal”, leading to a heedless state of mind and blunting our methodological and analytical approaches and frames in understanding long durée political evolvement in #Ethiopia.
3/12: The developments over the past few years, should however be a wake-up call for us all. Throughout a turbulent history, some core metaphors and narratives have underpinned and projected a notion of this enduring historically imposed or imagined community called #Ethiopia.
Read 12 tweets
[1] #GPE_AtrocityReport
Incident Date: February 02, 2023
#Ano town, #GobuSeyo Woreda, #EastWollega Zone, #Oromo Region, #Ethiopia
The Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) group has massacred over 70 innocent Amhara civilians.
drive.google.com/file/d/1GIAGpK… Image
[2] The attack started from 5am and lasted through the evening. This was a house-to-house killing targeting ethnic Amharas. Survivor testimonies included that an unknown number of people have been wounded. In addition, they have not been able to collect the remains of the dead,
[3] as some of the attackers are still present in town. The Ethiopian National Defense Force army, which is stationed in Nekemte, a city not far from the attack, has not come to the aid of the Amhara victims. We received information that an Oromo man who tried to save his
Read 7 tweets
1/: My initial reflections on the #Tigray - #Ethiopia #peaceagreement. First, it is commendable that the parties have reached an agreement. Admittedly, this was surprising. One should sincerely hope that the agreement will pave the way for durable peace.
2/: However, the #Tigray - #Ethiopia #peaceagreement circulating (still not in signed version) leaves many questions unanswered. Although the parties have committed themselves not to question any part of the agreement, it obligates us analysts to point out some issues of concern.
2b/: A huge disclaimer here: there is confusion on which text of the agreement is authentic. The agreement I base my points on is confirmed by several internationals as authentic, but we have to wait for the full signed version to appear before one can conclude on that.
Read 17 tweets
#Ethiopia's civil #war finds its origin in the withering & collapse of z ruling party #EPRDF. In a new article, I explore what led to z breakdown of #Africa's biggest party, emphasizing how z process was perceived from z point of view of #TPLF.
#Tigray
muse.jhu.edu/article/866991…
Comparative research points to both endogamous & exogamous factors contributing to party instability. Differences in local constituencies, ideological outlooks, & policy preferences, as well as variations in ethnopolitical identities, are all factors that may undermine consensus.
Furthermore, the governance structure of the country may also impinge on party stability, because federal models may be more divisive in nature than unitary states.
Read 6 tweets
[1]
#GPE_RedAlert
Following a major disinformation campaign that tried & succeeded to blame an attack on Amharas by armed forces on the victims themselves, the threat of extermination against all Amharas in Wollega has become imminent! See full report: drive.google.com/file/d/1_CVV-V… WARNING! Amharas in Wollega are under actual threat of exter
[2]
#GPE_AtrocityReport: on August 29, 2022 over 107 Amharas were killed by OLA armed forces & their allies in #Agamssa town & other Kebles in #Amuru Woereda, #HoroGuduruWollega Zone, #Oromo Region, #Ethiopia
OLA fighters were also killed by a few Amhara residents that evaded
[3] a prior disarming campaign and tried to defend themselves from the onslaught of OLA. OLA fighters & supporters then came up with a complex web of disinformation that led to Amharas being blamed for the attacks. However, they proceeded with their campaigns to overtake zones in
Read 10 tweets
Dear #Amhara & #Afar.
Sephat Nega is a monster who master minded all the crisis in our region.
I know this is a very difficult times for you & I completely sympathise.
But be aware of the Digitalweyane. Their private chat reveals a nasty plan & I will share it.
#MoMore
1)
From our 20yrs experience, TPLFites only strength is sowing discord & perpetuating conflict.
They split their group into 5 sub-groups & each assigned their own tasks.
They pose as:
1. #Oromo.
2. #Amhara.
3. #Eritreans.
4. Pro-Abiy
5. Anti-Abiy.
2)
Task of those posing as Oromos are to attack Amhara relentlessly & exploit any historical misrepresentation to the maximum.
Those pose as Amhata will insult Oromos.
Those who pose as Eritreans, their task is to attack both Amhara & Oromo, & also lie about Eritrea's motives.
3)
Read 8 tweets
#GPE_AtrocityReport: Incident date: December 20, 2021, #Oromo Region #WestShoa Zone Ambo Zuria area, 10 ethnic Amharas were killed by the OLF/OLA Shanee armed group. The incident happened at 1 o'clock in the morning 10KM from Ambo city, close to the Wodessa Menkaka peasant 1/
association. It was reported that the victims were murdered execution style, they were dragged out of their houses, lined up and gunned down. The residents reported that early December, the armed group has killed a resident by the name Amsal and told his compatriots that they 2/
need to be prepared to pay 200,000 ETB each. Other residents have reported that it is has been more than a year since the group has been sending ultimatums to Amhara residents to leave the woreda or face death. 3/
Read 6 tweets
Locating an atrocity in #Ethiopia.

As the Ethiopian army advances, upsetting images and videos have emerged of the alleged killing of prisoners outside Tinishu Rebi/Chefa Robit in Wello during December.

@Quen10Tarantino and I investigate ⬇️

#OSINT Image
The images and videos available on social media accounts have shown bodies in a pit on a roadside in #Ethiopia varying states of decomposition in December.

@Quen10Tarantino and I will not be sharing some parts of the images and videos as they are too graphic for @Twitter Image
According to a resident, the people in the pit were from prison. Their bodies were recognised by locals.

They were allegedly executed by #Ethiopia’s security forces who are in control of the nearby town. Image
Read 21 tweets
#Ethiopia: Ending the vicious cycle of violence and retribution. It was back in 2006. When the #TPLF was massacring Somalis in Mogadishu.
A conference was held in Minnesota for all opposition groups Including Oromos, Amharas, Gambelas and Somalis. I made an speech saying
We should stop demonising #Tigrays because we needed to break the historic cycle of violence. So that no community feels that they have to fight to survive. I would say the same now about the losing #Amhara. We need to acknowledge their humanity and make them feel safe and give
Them hope that they have right in live in peace and dignity. Thus dont have to start an armed resistance to the new dispensation after the fall of their 7th king. I believe we Somalis have a unique role to play as peace makers between these warring tribes. Who have zero trust in
Read 11 tweets
As Ethiopia's regime is about to collapse under the military pressure of the #Tigray & #Oromo resistance, Barkawi's & Laffey's writing comes to mind (again): awaiting liberation at the hands of the West is as pointless today as it's always been, in #Ethiopia as in #Myanmar 🧵 1/3 Image
All that the West, inc. Abyi Ahmed's US allies, did was talking about humanitarian aid & a few sanctions in the context of genocide. Tigrayans have chosen not to await this kind of "liberation" and have managed to fight back against what was said to be Africa's strongest army 2/3
Let's bear this in mind for next time when Western diplomats reflexively denounce the armed struggle of people against genocidal regimes for the sake of some international stability and order. 3/3
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The Archetype of #Oshun and the Divine Feminine

Luisah Teish on the archetype of Oshun. This is an outtake from an interview with Luisah Teish for the film "Changing of the Gods."

#TheBlackGods

Before the slave trade, Before Islam or Christianity -- we worshipped Black Gods. And, there are a lot of them.

These African Deities Are The Best Gods You've Never Heard Of

Move over Zeus, there's an old pantheon in town. 

buzzfeed.com/amphtml/donnad… Image
Ibeji — Spirit Of The Twins 👯

Ibeji (known as Ibejí, Ibeyí, or #Jimaguas in Latin America) is the name of an Orisha representing a pair of twins in the Yoruba religion of the Yoruba people ( present-day Nigeria).

#BlackHistoryMonth

Image
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🚨
#GPE_RedAlert: May 9, 2021

#GPE has reviewed photographs of property destruction targeting homes & assets belonging to ethnic #Amhara civilians in Mender 24, #Welgay & #Debis kebeles (wards) of #Abe_Dengoro woreda (district), #Horo_Guduru_Welega zone, #Oromia region.

[1/5] Image
In addition, homes of recently displaced ethnic #Amhara civilians have reportedly been looted by Oromo militias allegedly part of the #Oromo Liberation Army (#OLA) but residents have also accused local authorities namely the Oromo Special Forces of participating in the...

[2/5]
...injustice as well.

Local sources revealed between May 6 to 7, 2021 alone, more than 20 homes belonging to ethnic #Amhara residents were broken into & looted. Similar incidents have been reported in #Welgay kebele. In some instances, residents have also reported...

[3/5]
Read 6 tweets
#GPE_AtrocityReport: April 23, 2021 (Miyazia 15, 2013 EC).

#GPE has received reports of startling atrocities targeting ethnic #Amhara civilians in #Gorete kebele (ward), #Abi_Dengoro woreda (district), #Horo_Guduru_Welega zone, #Oromia region. Local witnesses said on...

[1/E]
...April 22, 2021 (Miyazia 14, 2013 EC) at approximately 4 am local time, three people including a man, his child daughter and another child were killed as local militias locked them in their home and set it on fire burning all three inside under gruesome circumstances.

[2/E]
#GPE has obtained disturbing photographic evidence of their burned remains.

Names of the decedents are as follows:

1. Mr. Adam Hassen (father)
2. Hawa Adam (daughter)
3. Zewdia Fetene (neighbor’s child)

Residents also reported the militias opened fire on civilians...

[3/E]
Read 12 tweets
@NAMA_AMHARA #Ethiopia states:

«PM of our country & #Oromo Prosperity Party led by him have intensified their atrocities against #Amhara people by deploying z state machinery & national resources & abetting, supporting & even commandeering state terror.»
facebook.com/41530829894480…
With this statement it seems #NAMA suspends its ‘collaborative’ relations with #Amhara PP, and turns into a ‘hostile opposition’. This has been expected for some time. It is thus likely that the state machinery will be turned against them with full force.
#NAMA posed the only genuine threat to #Amhara PP in the upcoming #election. With this statement it seems that they are disenfranchising from election participation (needs confirmation).
Read 4 tweets
This 2019 article, written a year before the ethnofascist #TPLF launched war on #Ethiopia, exposes the rampant #rape &sexual violence that #women of #Tigray suffered from the rapist TPLF gang. The defeated criminal TPLF "men" are continuing their rape now!
africanfeminism.com/yikono-campaig…
2) In this video clip from 2018 brodacast of #Tigray's DW-TV, a #Tigrayan woman recounts the horrible mysogynistic culture in Tigray under #TPLF, where #rape & sexual violence against Tigray's #women is a commonplace occurence, & 60% of Tigrayan womem are victims of rape.
#Yikono
3) #Tigrayan feminist @meazaG_, speaking to #TigrayMediaHouse in 2019, over a year before the war, explained the horrific level of #rape in #Tigray's society. She said men regularly kick & oppress women every night.Tigray ppl were victims of #TPLF. #TPLFcrimes
#Eritrea #Ethiopia
Read 25 tweets
#GPE_AtrocityReport: April 10, 2021 (Miyazia 2, 2013 EC).

In #Gidy_Ayana Woreda (district), Misraq (East) #Wollega/#Wellega/#Welega zone, #Oromia region, we received reports of shootings at ethnic #Amhara residents starting from 1:00 am local time. Credible reports...

[1/E]
...reveal militamen of the #Oromo Liberation Front/Army (#OLF/#OLA) in collusion with regional officials & other collaborators have opened fire on ethnic #Amhara civilians in Village 10 of the district. Residents have stated that these groups who are bent on mayhem...

[2/E]
...& destruction, are destroying storehouses & private residences.
After the withdrawal of the #Ethiopia|n National Defense Force (#ENDF) on April 7, 2021 (Megabit 29, 2013 EC), there were reports of stoning of residences belonging to ethnic #Amhara beginning on the...

[3/E]
Read 12 tweets
#Primer on #Ethiopian Politics

#Unitarist Vs #Federlaist

- Has little to do with level of #decentralisation of power ordinarily associated with these notions

A critical mass of Ethiopians support #federalism-incl most, if not all, forces within ruling party - incl Abiy - 1
For #ethnonationalists, I believe, any politics based on individual #equality (citizenship or republican politics) is #Unitarist - so #Nigeria, #Kenya (which ban ethnic parties), #Germany and #UnitedStates are Unitary, regardless of their robust federal/devolved structures - 2
What ethnonatioanlists consider #federalist is actually politics based on #ethnicity - (which goes beyond ethnic federalism) - much like Arend Lijphart's prototypical #consociational system - so soemthing like #Belgium and #BosniaHerzegovina, but for 80+ ethnic groups – 3
Read 13 tweets
#GPE_AtrocityReport: March 30, 2021, #Babu Woreda, #Wellega, #Oromo Region #Ethiopia. A coordinated attack by OLF/OLA and Oromo regional forces against targeted ethnic Amharas left 70 Amhara farmers dead. No one has ever been made accountable for these heinous crimes against 1/E
humanity. Local reporters have stated that 27 buses full of fleeing Amharas left Wollega already. Such mass exodus out of an area just because they are targeted due to their identity is a horrible indicator to what is to come, as the fighters are more emboldened, organized 2/E
and coordinate even further with the regional security apparatus. The situation in #Wellega and #Metekel is extremely grave! We demand #access2metekel #access2Wellega 3/E
Read 9 tweets
There is a well funded, coordinated effort 2 destabilize #Ethiopia & de-legitimize its Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed @PMEthiopia @PMAbiy. BUT, here r the undisputed FACTS, all done apart from & in addition 2 his NOBLE actions 4 which he was awarded #NobelPeacePrize: #1 @PMAbiy made
half of all his TOP cabinet ministers WOMEN! Yes, unlike the USA and other "developed" western nations, #Ethiopia actually demands half its population actually RUN THE COUNTRY! and you can thank @PMAbiy for this courageous act! #2 After 27 yrs of tyrany under the TPLF, @PMAbiy
released ALL POLITICAL PRISONERS and unbanned all political parties AND news outlets. Sound like a failed despot to you??? NO! In fact when he was awarded the @NobelPrize none of this was mentioned because his heroism with regard to peace with #Eritrea was enough to earn it, #3
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Sunday thoughts!

One of the cascade of shocks the #Oromo nation continue to endure in the wake of the yet unsolved assassination of Haacaaluu Hundeessaa is the following crackdown on multiple individuals who represent a significant political agency of the Oromo in the 🇪🇹to come.
Among the consequential arrests is the likes of Bekele, Jawar & Hamza, seen here after 40 days of hunger strike for what they believed in. But it’s a mistake to think the crackdown was limited to them. Speak with any Oromo, you will learn that there is a pre & post Hacaaluu 🇪🇹.
That’s so not only b/s Hacee was assassinated, but also everything that the Oromo lost after that either to death, jail or disappearance (be it individuals of political parties), share one thing in common: they’re known among the Oromo as icons of a struggle for a pan Oromo cause
Read 6 tweets
#GPE_AtrocityReport: March 10, 2021

#HoroGuduru #Wellega (also spelt ‘Welega’ and ‘Wollega’), #JardigaJartee Woreda (District), #Horodaddi Kebele (Ward), #Dacheen area

We have received news from residents in Horo Guduru #Wellega that armed militias of the (1/E)
#Oromo Liberation Front (#OLF) have continued targeted killings of ethnic #Amhara across the region. Credible reports have emerged detailing a disturbing wedding massacre in which militiamen of the OLF converged onto a local wedding gathering killing all attendees except one(2/E)
elderly woman that survived the horrific incident by hiding under a family member’s dead body. All attendees including the bride, groom and 8 of their family members were all slaughtered in this horrific massacre.

Many sources have also reported that #OLF militia have been(3/E)
Read 8 tweets

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