Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #medieval

Most recents (24)

Thinking about rubrication and manuscripts. I feel like I ought to build a Tampermonkey or Greasemonkey script that takes initial capitals online and makes them large, red, even historiated /illuminated. An illuminated and historiated initial letter (D perhaps wit
Or perhaps something that converts the CSS of @Hypothes_is highlights and makes the letters red instead of having a yellow background? #EdTech
A bit reminiscent, but of a different historical period than the index card idea.
What if we had a collection of illuminated initials and some code that would allow for replacing capitals at the start of paragraphs we were reading?
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#Solstice #Sunrise at the Barrow - a meditation on time, what litte, we know of #AngloSaxon "#Litha", and on what #livinghistory #history and #archaeology is truly "for". 🧵 Image
Very early yesterday morning members Æd and AlexP travelled to @SoultonHall @SacredStonesLtd Soulton Long Barrow to experience a unique moment in the solar calendar which, though concerned with the reckoning of time, is essentially universal and #timeless. 1/32
The Midsummer Solstice has always been a significant moment in the year, across many cultures, as far back as deep #prehistory. In Britain our landscape is dotted with #stoneage #neolithic and #bronzeage #prehistoric monuments which bear witness to this. 2/32 Image
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A few years ago All Saints Church in Hereford got funding for the erection of a cafe on a new mezzanine level. A new seating gallery had excellent lighting, all the better to illuminate detail of the magnificent intricate carvings cloaked in shadow since the 14th century! …Ah. Image
The man in the carving has appropriately been nicknamed Seamus O’Toole, and it is thought that his spirited salutation was created by a disgruntled medieval artisan. ImageImage
Stone gargoyles and decorative misericords have all sorts of symbolic meanings but there is some anecdotal evidence that the more ribald version was a final flourish of carpenters and masons scammed of their pay. ImageImage
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Short🧵. As many people know, Laxton, in Nottinghamshire, is one of the few places in England where large-scale #medieval open #fields survive, still collectively organised & managed in the same way that they were 6 and more centuries ago. … /1
The term ‘open fields’ has become shorthand for large (often huge) areas of arable, subdivided into unhedged blocks (‘furlongs’), subdivided in turn into narrow strips (‘selions’). #medieval #landscape. /2
And the strips (selions) in each furlong were shared out, one by one in repetitive order, between the village’s farmers. This 1617 map from Balsham, Cambs., names of the farmer of each strip. By 1617 some had acquired & merged neighbouring strips, others had subdivided theirs. /3
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Over the last few days, I have seen posts advocating @RoySocChem, @AmerChemSociety to #boycott Russian scientists at conferences/from publications. Some Universities in Europe have already done so. I am very, very strongly against the boycott!
Here is a🧵with my reasons 1/11
For disclosure - I am Russian, born in the USSR, with my family currently in Russia and in Ukraine
I have been living in the UK alone since 16yo, when I went to @DurhamChemistry for my UG
*I will use male pronouns for leaders due to the gender bias in power 2/11
I'm sad to receive full face criticism for the actions of the 'president' neither I nor my family/friends ever voted. I know he still totals 146% & an absolute 'support'. I was lucky to have been in a position to 'vote with my legs out of Russia', but most people could not! 3/11
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Preliminary distribution map of helmets in my upcoming paper and new typology:

(Note: Not all are late Roman helmets, merely related examples for discussion.)

#Classicstwitter #Medievaltwitter #Medieval #Roman #twitterstorians #Byzantine #Archaeology…
Breakdown by type of Roman-manufactured helmets:…
Breakdown by datation of ridge helmets:…
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#RomanSiteSaturday - The Pantheon🏛️

(1/8) Located in #Rome, Italy, the Pantheon is arguably the best surviving example of Imperial #Roman architecture. Richly decorated with Corinthian columns and a variety of coloured marble, it is truly a remarkable site.

#History #Classics
(2/8) Originally constructed during the reign of the emperor Augustus under the patronage of Marcus Agrippa, the current temple is actually a reconstruction undertaken by Trajan and Hadrian following an earthquake. Finished in 126CE, the original inscription was retained:

"M[arcus] Agrippa L[ucii] f[ilius] co[n]s[ul] tertium fecit"

"Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, made [this building] when consul for the third time."
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THREAD: Basil’s Campaigns in Bulgaria (Part Two) #Byzantine #medieval #bulgaria #varangian Image
In 1001 Basil marched his army from Constantinople to Preslav and Pliska, quickly taking the much weakened cities. Basil then took the city of Silistra on the Danube, beating back Bulgar counterattacks. With the north secure, Basil marched to Komotini in Thrace to winter. Image
In 1002, Basil continued the campaign by attacking key forts around Thessaloniki and recaptured Larissa. Once the area was secured, Basil moved back north to the Danube and besieged the castle of Vidin.
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THREAD: Basil II’s Campaigns in Bulgaria (Part One)
#Byzantine #medieval #Bulgaria #varangian #warfare Image
Before we can talk about Basil’s conquest of Bulgaria, we need to provide some context and examine the Basileus first campaign and the failures that would shape his reign.
Basil’s dream had always been to succeed where no Basileus had before and conquer Bulgaria, but Basil’s early reign was marred by the rebellion of Bardas Skleros in Anatolia from 976-979. Tsar Samuel of Bulgaria took advantage of this unrest. Image
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#RomanSiteSaturday - The Temple of Bacchus🏛️🍷

(1/6) Located in Baalbek, #Lebanon, the Temple of #Bacchus is an amazing example of Imperial Roman architecture, adorned with Corinthian columns and lavishly decorated ceilings and parapets.

#Classics #Roman #Archaeology #History
(2/6) Likely constructed under emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161CE), the temple is a massive 66m long, 35m wide and 31m tall, which is larger than the Parthenon in Athens! 8 columns wide and 15 columns deep, it features a walled cult room split between two floors and a crypt.
(3/6) Despite its namesake, it is unknown as to which deity it was dedicated. Archaeological evidence from the site however suggests #Bacchus, as the interior design depicts a god of wine and ecstasy and other Bacchic symbolism like Maenads and revellers.
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THREAD: Basil’s Second Syrian Campaign #Byzantine #varangian #medieval #history
After Basil’s first campaign in Syria, he appointed Damian Dalassenos as the new Doux of Antioch. Basil returned to Europe and prepared for war with Bulgaria.
Dalassenos pursued an aggressive policy against the Fatimids. Manjutakin once again besieged Aleppo, but fled when Dalassenos brought his army to relieve the city. In 997, Dalassenos raided around Tripoli and captured the fortress of Al-Laqbah.
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THREAD: Basil’s first campaign in the East #byzantine #roman #medieval #varangian #viking
After Basil defeated Phokas’s rebellion in 989 he returned his attention to his eternal foe: Bulgaria. However, trouble was brewing in Syria.
In 992, Manjutakin, the Fatimid governor of Damascus broke his truce with the Byzantine Empire. Manjutakin invaded the Hamdanid Emirate, a Byzantine protectorate, and defeated the doux of Antioch’s army. Manjutakin then raided Antioch’s suburbs and besieged Aleppo.
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THREAD: Origins of the Varangian Guard (1/12) Image
Although Rus and Norse mercenaries had been fighting in the service of the Byzantine Empire as early as 874, the typical date used as the founding of an official “Varangian Guard” comes from the reign of Basil ll. Basil’s early reign was marked by rebellion. 2/12 Image
In 987, the general Bardas Phokas led a rebellion and captured most of Byzantine Anatolia. At the end of the year his army set into a siege of Abydos, a city on the Dardanelles. If Abydos fell, Phokas’s army could cut off access to the Aegean and besiege Constantinople. (3/12) Image
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On the Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism and the #GND, or Why I Read Mostly #Medieval History For My Thesis Despite Being an Urban Planner.

A thread:
First the why:

At its root, the Green New Deal is a blueprint for a transition from one mode of production to a new, yet to be defined mode of production. Fossil Capital is in its end stage and what comes next is up to us. Nothing is inevitable; everything is contestable.
My thesis explores how municipal policies can hasten the transition from fossil fuels to renewables, redress specific social deficits from exploitative economic and political policies, and create a just and sustainable future. What policies fundamentally alter social relations?
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As promised @LauraMorreale, a tweet about effigial tombs in #medieval and #Renaissance #Florence /1 Jacopo della Quercia, Tomb slabs of Lorenzo Trenta (d 1439)
Some of what follows can be found in "The Sepulchralization of Renaissance Florence" in @MIP_medpub Memorializing the Middle Classes in Medieval and Renaissance Europe… /2
In Purgatorio 12.16-21, #Dante describes effigial tombs:
Come, perché di lor memoria sia,
sovra i sepolti le tombe terragne
portan segnato quel ch’elli eran pria,

onde lì molte volte si ripiagne
per la puntura de la rimembranza,
che solo a’ pïi dà de le calcagne /3 Genoese artist, 1350-75. Illustrated Dante. Bodleian Library
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Lectures in medieval law schools can be studied in the apparatus of glosses that appear in the margins of legal manuscripts. This page is from an Italian copy, c. 1180, of Gratian’s Decretum, one of the central texts that formed the basis for lectures. #canonlaw #MedTwitter 1/10
The text is about the canon law of baptism. It is from the third part of the Decretum, which was one of the last additions to Gratian’s book. The long text in the left column that begins with a red capital S in the middle of the column, is by Augustine.2/
Augustine says that “if the water is not blessed” because the person baptizing does not know the proper formula, the water gets blessed anyway, through charity. The baptism will be valid. An important law at a time when priests might not be very literate. Note careful corrections
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What an intriguing #earlymodern #bookbinding to come across with. A calfskin binding decorated with monks, bees and fleur-de-lis by blind-tooling. Moreover, it contains flyleaves of #medieval #manuscriptwaste: a beautifully #illuminated Latin manuscript @libservice BIB.JUR.001422
Because he incorporated his initials in the binding, we can identify the bookbinder: 16th-century Jan Van Ryckaert of Ghent, who made this binding for the St Peter’s Abbey in Ghent, as indicated by the handwritten provenance mark /2
#bookhistory #rarebooks
Some details of the binding:
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Aujourd’hui, c’est la #JourneeDesFemmes. Et, heureusement, on n’est plus au #MoyenAge… 😉🙄
Et si, après tout, certaines de nos œuvres nous montraient que le pouvoir pouvait, déjà, être entre les mains des femmes ?
Alors, oui, c’est vrai… Les #femmes, dans nos collections, ressemblent souvent à ça.
La charge mentale puissance 10 quand on est la mère de Dieu.
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THREAD. A seriously muddy walk across one of the high, flat, clay plateaux of S Cambs. today, was full of reminders that this land, too heavy for ox-drawn ploughs, was medieval common pasture studded with managed woodland..
2. The fields were full of water despite being at the top of the hills - too flat to drain well, studded with small pockets of low land that made temporary ponds..
3. Coming across Eversden Wood in this waterlogged landscape reminded me of the great Oliver Rackham’s truism that #medieval #woods are not found on land that’s good for woods, but on land that’s no good for anything else - and of his advice on how to recognise them..
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Mini-#Thread on some comparisons between #Indians and #Chinese according to the travel memoirs of one of the earliest Arab merchants, Sulaiman, in Akhbar Al-Sin wa’l Hind dated 851 CE :-
#History #India #Bharat #China #Medieval #science #astronomy #medicine
On Dharma (religion), science, medicine, transmigration of soul after death, philosophy and astronomy:-
“The Chinese have no science (‘ ilm). Their religion originated in India; they assert that it were the Indians who procured their idols for them, and that they are the people who possess religion. The inhabitants of both the countries believe in metempsychosis (transmigration),..
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THREAD. The fun of landscape history is that, quite often, it’s little, insignificant details in plain sight that reveal past now-lost landscapes. They turn a country walk into a detective story - like this amble in Comberton, Cambs., reconstructing its vanished village green.
2. All that’s left today is this small grassy area and duck pond at the centre of the village - jam-packed with signals to its communal function: village sign, gritting box, benches, litter bin, & a bus stop just out of shot on the L. The 19thC OS map shows even more of them ...
3. The duck pond is the rounded feature 117 just NW of the crossroads near the bottom of the map. Communal facilities in 1880 included a smithy, a malting for brewing beer, & the Red Lion (all plot 119); & a school & schoolteacher’s house across the road, as well as a maze ...
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Esta semana en el episodio 6 de #TopKuartango hablaremos de Aprikano, la primera población de Kuartango si accedes al Valle por el túnel del desfiladero de Tetxa. Es un pueblo pequeño pero pintoresco y su puente #medieval es impresionante. ¿Preparados? ¡Vamos pues!
⬇️ HILO VA ⬇️
Ha sido siempre un lugar estratégico en la guarda del Valle, por eso ha estado fortificado desde tiempos antiguos. Sus caminos han sido transitados desde la #prehistoria y la época #romana. Aprikano figura ya con este nombre en la carta del obispo de Calahorra de 1.257 ⬇️
A un paseo del pueblo, en la sierra de Badaia, encontramos la cueva de Gobaederra. Es un tesoro espeleológico y #arqueológico del que ya hablamos largo y tendido en el episodio 2. Herramientas #prehistóricas, restos humanos, cuentas y collares y el "Príncipe de Gobaederra" ⬇️
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Mini-#Thread on what Marco Polo, the celebrated Venetian traveler, observed regarding Indian veneration and appreciation of ‘#Black colour’, during his travel in several parts of India during 12th-13th CE:-
#colour #color #history #India #Bharat #travelers #medieval
“Black colour sign of beauty In this province the natives, although black, are not born of so deep a dye as they afterwards attain by artificial means, esteeming blackness the perfection of beauty...
For this purpose, three times every day, they rub the children over with oil of sesame.
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#Thread on how Alberuni (970-1039 CE), the Iranian scholar has paid his tribute to Charaka, ancient genius researcher & practitioner in Ayurveda & Indic medicine system, & Nagarjuna, our legendary Indian chemist from past. #history #india #medicines #ayurveda #science #medieval
Alberuni in his book, has recorded the following about Charaka, the ancient genius in Ayurveda :-
“Medicine belongs to the same class of sciences as astronomy, but there is this difference, that the latter stands in close relation to the religion of the Hindus...
Read 17 tweets

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