Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #ww1

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WOMEN //a thread//

I was raised by all women.

My father had gotten my mother pregnant when she was just 15. His father
insisted on an abortion or he'd 'write my pops out of the will'. My pops bailed.

My mother raised me--and 4 siblings--mostly alone.

#HappyWomensDay2019
Mom's water broke in biology class. she finished HS--preggo--with me, in 1975. There's pictures of me as the little cheer squad mascot for the #RioLindaKnights.

As I grew up, I remembered the power and influence and wisdom of WOMEN in my life. My Great Grandmother was the key:
Great Grandma Florence had bought 3/4 of an acre in #NorthSac (w/ her husband), when acres were $5.00 ea. They couldn't afford a full one! Great Grandpa died & I never knew him.

Grandma was our true #MATRIARCH. She had a huge garden w/veggies on one side, flowers on the other.
Read 18 tweets
#mondaythoughts

following my #BlackHistoryMonth tweets?

last week, i tweeted "what you didn't learn in school" it was a harsh & realistic look at what our enslaved ancestors suffered

today ** different focus

#DidYouKnow
#BlackHistoryMonth

100 years ago, the black 369th infantry regiment w/patriotism & love of country, led UAS into #WW1

they spent more time in combat than any other american unit but when back in #USA faced #racism & #segregation from white americans

but, of course?
notable:

AKA: #Harlem Hellfighters, Men Of Bronze, Black Rattlers, #15th #NewYork National Guard

engagements:
#WW1
#WW2
#NewGuinea
Meuse-Argonne Offensive
2nd battle of the marne

branches: #USArmy, #FrenchArmy

Read 7 tweets
Visiting the Trench of Death in 2014. #Diksmuide #WW1 #WW1Centenary
From the sandbags the flowers bloom #Diksmuide #WW!
Bending to go from one part of the trench to the next. A letterbox opening for rifles to defend the trench ahead #Diksmuide #WW1
Read 21 tweets
I am a specialist in 18th-19th Cy European history, but I once spent a summer doing research on the First World War. Here in honor of #WWI100 are some of the horrible things I learned:
First, some numbers: in #WWI an average of 900 French and 1300 German soldiers died EVERY DAY. At the end, 20,000,000 (twenty million) soldiers were disabled. 2/n
Western Front was 475 miles long, but it is estimated that 25,000 miles of trenches snaked along it. #WWI was a boon to the barbed-wire industry. Before 1914, British Army annually used 2500 shovels. During it? 2,500,000
Read 18 tweets
It's been just over 2 years since I started investigating the story of these 4 #WW1 graves in Auld Aisle Cemetery in Kirkintilloch.
They commemorate the deaths of 4 men: Thomas Nelson, James Weir, William Gallagher and William Lemon.
The headstones are pretty much hidden in a neglected part of the cemetery. If you look really carefully you can just about make them out on the far left of this photo.
Read 15 tweets
The end of #WW1 saw the beginning of proxy wars, occupation, millions of refugees, hundreds of thousands killed, revolts & the carving up of the Middle East (Sykes-Picot Agreement) by #Britain & #France that would plague, curse & bleed the region for a century (& continues today)
The destiny of millions of people, including my great-grandparents/grandparents/parents & myself included was shaped by a map printed by Colonel Sykes drawing a line from the ‘e’ in Acre to the last ‘k’ in Kirkuk, and thus dividing/re-defining the ‘Middle East’...
The French & the British sent in armies & agents into Syria, Lebanon, Iraq & Palestine to spike revolts, occupy, control & further the colonialist project over the region in the guise of a British/French ‘mandate’ backed by Arthur Balfour, Mark Sykes & Francois Georges-Picot...
Read 4 tweets
Nov. 11 1918: The last Austro-Hungarian Emperor Charles I signs a proclamation in which he "relinquish(ed) every participation in the administration of the State" marking the end of the 600-year rule of the Habsburgs over #Austria. #TodayInHistory #ArmisticeDay100 #Armistice100
On 13 November, Charles IV issued a similar (Eckartsau) proclamation for #Hungary. In neither declaration did the emperor use the word 'abdication'. Indeed, he tried to reclaim the Hungarian throne twice in 1921. "I did not abdicate, and never will," he wrote to a confidant.
Altogether the losses of Austria-Hungary during #WW1 can be estimated at around 2 million (excluding direct civilian war deaths). #ArmisticeDay100 #ArmisticeDay
Read 7 tweets
#VintageNairobi: The war memorial in honour of #KAR #WW1 native askaris over the years.

1st pic 1928 (est.) ; 2nd pic 1936; 3rd pic 1962; 4th pic (present time, courtesy of M. Muriuki).

Kenyatta Ave. was previously known as Sixth Street, then Delamere Avenue.
This memorial, of course, is found along Nairobi’s Kenyatta Avenue.
I guess the bazaar-like building in the background of the 1928 pic was situated near or at the spot presently occupied by Town House, which hosts Trattoria Restaurant 😀.
Read 3 tweets
Okay. History time!

You've probably seen photos of Commonwealth war cemeteries, with rows of white graves. They're heartbreaking images.

What you DON'T see are the thousands of small, tragic stories on each gravestone.

So I'm going to share some with you here. /1 #history #WW1
These stories exist because although every stone is similar, family members were able to pay to have a small, custom inscription made on each stone.

Which is why on Pvt J Low's grave you'll find this desperately sad inscription:

"Until we meet again. Mother." /2
Of course, the ABSENCE of anything is even sadder. Too often you'll see the nine saddest words in the English language:

"A soldier of the Great War. Known only unto God"

Those words appear when we know a body is there but not who. It was Rudyard Kipling who came up with them /3
Read 23 tweets
Right now, 100 years ago, Col. George C Marshall was staring at a map very much like the one below, save that he had no idea how far the massed US Army divisions would advance. It was the eve of America's largest battle: the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. And Marshall had planned it.
From the Aisne River to the Meuse River stood the largest US Army ever assembled in our history to that point. Fifteen divisions - 28k men each, twice the size of French & German divisions - stacked up, waiting for the word to go. Some were veterans. Most were very, very green.
Over 30 French divisions are stacked up to their left and right. The Americans, with 1.2 million troops now in France, have their own front. But it's a hell of a front: the Argonne Forest. Already a natural obstacle, it has been held by the Germans for 4 years. It is a fortress.
Read 17 tweets
A red rose gathered between the trenches on the Western Front (Loos-Lens) in August 1915 by my 19 yr old grandfather, Charles (who lived on Shaftesbury Avenue) & sent home to his sweetheart, my grandmother May. It still has a faint sweet fragrance.#WW1 #OneCentenary100Stories
He did come home & they got married & had 4 girls. They were blissfully happy until he died at 50, his heart weakened from being gassed. He was an avid filmmaker & we have colour films of him returning to the trenches in the 1920s, to visit the graves of his friends.
Whilst my grandfather was at the Front, he also kept a sketch book in a little brown leather autograph book. This is a self-portrait at Ytres, March 1918. #WW1 #OneCentenary100Stories
Read 7 tweets
At 0100 this morning 100 years ago, thousands of US guns opened fire in a deafening crescendo of steel. In the 26th Division sector alone were 202 guns of all calibers, from trench mortars all the way up to massive railway guns. The St Mihiel Offensive had begun.
Across the lines, the guns paused for a five minute sound ranging an hour before the infantry advance. Germans who scrambled out of their dugouts to man defensive positions were caught in a hail of steel and high explosive when the bombardment resumed.
On the south end of the Salient, the @FightingFirst, 42nd, 89th, 2nd, 5th, 90th, and @82ndABNDiv (still legs) went over the top at 0500, attacking from south to northwest. US Renault FT17 tanks rolled forward over the wet ground in support of the infantry.
Read 15 tweets
Intrigued by #Amiens100 but want to find out more about the battle and its contribution to the end of #WW1? This thread will provide a few recommendations to get you started...
John Terraine, 'To Win a War: 1918, the year of victory' (1978). Terraine made his name as one of very few historians to question the dominant narrative of the war as a futile bloodbath overseen by incompetent, obstinate 'donkeys' during the 1960s. 'To Win a War' represents...
Terraine's argument in its clearest form, building upon nearly two decades of refinement. However, it is largely based upon published accounts rather than archival material, and covers 1918 as a whole rather than just the Hundred Days. For those seeking a readable alternative...
Read 19 tweets
The #selfie stick: a military history thread.

Selfie sticks have, of course, been around as long as the wheel. But despite this, their use in the military can only be traced back to the 17th century.
Prince William of Orange bought the fad to England from Europe when he landed at Torbay in 1688. Not one to show off, William always avoided looking directly at his phone. Artist Jan Wyck has beautifully captured William's sideways glance as he struggles to line up the shot.
It was George Washington who started the fashion for looking directly at the camera when he captured the moment of his victory at Trenton in 1777. Enraged that his horse, Blueskin, refused to look at the phone, Washington later returned him to his original owner.
Read 16 tweets
So excited to kick off day two of @WHN_WM conference with Deborah Thom’s keynote on Mary Macarthur, who is my Favourite Ever woman from history #voicesofwomen
Thom shows a watercolour image of a woman chainmaker in the Black Country, collected by Sylvia Pankhurst at the start of #WW1 #voicesofwomen
Women chainmakers on strike just before WW1, all dressed in their best clothes
Read 9 tweets

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