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The Mahābhārata is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of #AncientIndia and the longest Sanskrit epic consisting of over 100,000 shloka or over 200,000 individual verse lines (each shloka is a couplet). The epic is part of itihasa.
#Mahabharata Image
Besides its epic narrative of the Kurukshetra War and the fates of the Kauravas and the Pandavas, it contains philosophical and devotional material, such as a discussion of the four "goals of life" or purusharthas. The latter are enumerated as Dharma (right action),... Image
Artha(purpose), Kama (pleasure), and Moksha (liberation). The epic is ascribed to sage Vyasa, who is also a major character in the epic. The first section of the Mahābhārata states that it was Lord Ganesha who, at the request of Vyasa, wrote down the text to Vyasa's dictation. Image
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Good day Saurabh.
Would you kindly confirm this?
Much appreciated.

11:35 CET 31 OCT 2022

Perp: Illuminati actor / influencer Saurabh Raj Jain(??)
I just heard a tinnitus while communicating telepathically with SRJ and heard a highpitched tinnitus in my left wear and felt a resultant slight loss of hearing and dullness plus weakness and debility.

I had just left a comment and given the link to my Instagram page about
20 minutes.

I am writing this as I am about to leave my apartment.

---END--- Image
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Panch kedar: 5 holly abodes of Mahadev!!

#Thread 👇
According to the #Mahabharata when the Pandavas were searching for Shiv ji, he transformed himself into bulls to avoid detection.

When Bhima tried to capture the bull, it disappeared & later reappeared in body parts at 5 places known as Panch Kedar situated in #Uttarakhand
1. Kedarnath Mandir

Hump of the shiv ji is Worshipped here.
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This Navaratri, taking the Sankalpa to read Mahabharat in original Sanskrit along with Hindi Translation, thanks to Gita Press Edition ( Seeking the blessings of Devi to keep me healthy enough to complete it without a Vighna.
In the forests of Naimisharanya, Ugrashrava - the son of Lomharshan Rishi, tells the Munis gathered for a Satra about Kalchakra - just like fruits and flowers appear with Ritu and merge back after it, so does everything at the end of a Kalpa.

#Mahabharat #AdiParva 1.32 Image
Duryodhan is like tree whose trunk is Karna, Shakuni a branch, Dushasan a fruit & Dhritrashtra the root of this tree.
Yuddhisthir is tree of Dharma, Arjun his trunk, Bhimsen branch, Nakul Sahdev fruits & flowers, root is Krishna & Veda.

#Mahabharat #Adiparva 1.110,111 ImageImage
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Maathru🙏Vandanam (Maathru chintane)

Certain positions in Nature have surfaced a point of level that can never be encroached upon and have to be recognized/accepted with due respect without any compromise.

One such position is that of a Mother (MaAthru). +
Hindu Puranas and sacred Scripts unequivocally emphasize on the importance of worshiping parents (MaAtha-Pitha);

Famous sloka “Mathru Devo Bhava-Pithru Devo Bhava-Aaachaarya Devo Bhava-Athithi Devo Bhava”
is just...+
an example of how much significance is given to these four elements of human life whose worship is considered as equivalent to the worship of God.

We have examples where several sages, devotees, great personalities and even...+
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Today is Ganesh Chaturthi, the birthday of Ganapathi. Ganapathi is the scribe who wrote the Mahabharata as described by Veda Vyasa. Starting today, a thread on interesting facts, twists and turns in the #Mahabharata. Hope to continue this in the coming days Image
1. Vyasa first approached Brahma to be his scribe. Brahma sent him to Ganesha who agreed on condition that he would not have to stop and wait for Vyasa to compose. Vyasa agreed with a counter condition - that Ganesha would not write till he understood what Vyasa was describing.
Vyasa would compose difficult verses, which would give him time even as Ganesha stopped to understand the verse! In between, his pen broke! So as not to break the flow, Ganesha broke his own tusk and continued writing!
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Sri #GaneshaChaturthi (31.08.2022) - #Titbits

Sri #Viswambhara naamaka Paramatma, Sri #Vishnu's #Viswa Taijasa roopa is #upaAsana moorthy of Lord #Ganesha. Viswambhara moorti will have 19 faces with middle one of Elephant head (#GajaMukHa) and nine human faces on either side. +
While worshiping/praying Lord #Ganapati or for that matter while worshiping any other Demi-God, one should always remember the dictum of Sri #Madhvacharya in #TantrasaaraSangraha (3.124)
ವಿಷ್ಣುಸ್ಮೃತಿವಿಹೀನಾ ತು ಪೂಜಾ ಸ್ಯಾದಾಸುರೀ ಸದಾ |
ಗೃಹ್ಣಂತಿ ದೇವತಾ ನೈತಾಂ ತತಃಸ್ಯಾದದೇಶವಿಪ್ಲವಃ|
ವ್ಯಾಧಿಚೋರಾದಿಭಿಃ ತಸ್ಮಾತಅಂತರ್ಧ್ಯೇಯೋಹರಿಃಸದಾ ||

विष्णुस्मृतिविहीना तु पूजा स्यादासुरी सदा ।
गृह्णंति देवता नैतां ततःस्याददेशविप्लवः।
व्याधिचोरादिभिः तस्मातअंतर्ध्येयोहरिःसदा ॥ ++
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Sri #Varaha Jayanthi (30.08.2022)
#ParamaAtma chintana


The term #VrusHakapi we come across in Sri #VishnuSahasranamaStotram (sloka # 11) as one of the names/attribtues of Lord #Vishnu; #VrusHa is also referred to in #SVSN in the following slokas..++ ImageImageImage
#vṛṣā-#kapir ameyātmā sarva-yoga-viniḥ-sṛtaḥ || 11 ||

amoghaḥ puṇḍarīkākṣo #vṛṣa-karmā vṛṣākṛtiḥ || 12 ||

#vṛṣāhī #vṛṣabho viṣṇur #vṛṣa-parvā #vṛṣodaraḥ || 28 ||
In the term #VRUSHAKAPAYE ... #VRUSHA is referred to Dharma, virtuous act/virtue, the divine Boar; #kA Is referred to Water & #pA is referred as, to protect;
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The ShriVidya initiation from @mmpandit exclusively for my students yesterday will never be forgotten. The session went on for close to 4 hours!!!! From #Mahabharata dating to the initiation, the energy was high. #SriVidya #Vedic #Mahavidya +
We practiced the mantras, yantras, and Mudras all the while @mmpandit patiently corrected the mistakes while always encouraging us to practice.
@mmpandit clearly gave directions for the sadhana including the duration, timing, and essential do's and don't. +
The Q & A session covered spirituality aspects with his most valuable advice to my students regarding their Jyotish learning going forward.
My humble pranams to @mmpandit. I am proud to be his Sishya. 🙏🙏🙏

cc - @25_shivansh @homam108
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SangaiFestival: One of the earliest festivals in ancient Manipur, according to oral history, the festival dates back to at least 8000 BC. Sangai is an indigenous deer species that is shy by nature.

The cradle of modern polo is India, and Manipur (Kangleipak) is known as the Origin of Modern Polo. Polo's (Sagol Kanjei) origins can be traced back to 3100 B.C. in the ancient Manipur/Kangleipak text "Puya."
A Polo match between the friends of Ngonda Lairen Pakhangba, who ascended the kingdom of Manipur in 33 A.D., is also mentioned in the Royal Chronicle of Manipur, Cheitharol Kumbaba.
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As only 145 days left to celebrate 75th anniversary of Indian Independence and I am starting an an initiative of #Dekhoapnadesh with #philately on the ocassion of #AzadiKaAmritMahotsav
"Rashtrapati Bhawan,New Delhi- Official Residence of President of India #indianstamps Image
#DekhoApnaDesh (see the India) with #philately to celebrate #AzadiKaAmritMahotsav
Day 2 : Kayang - A folk dance from Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh,India #indianstamps #indianphilately Image
Day 3 :Darjeeling Himalayan Railway or"Toy train" runs between New Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling in West Bengal which is one of the iconic mountain railways of India and in 1999,it was declared as UNESCO world heritage site
#DekhoApnaDesh with #philately #AzadiKaAmritMahotsav Image
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A different take on #Mahabharata.
The Pandavas are nothing but our five senses-
The Kauravas are the hundred vices that attack our senses everyday but we can fight them.
When Krishna rides our chariot!Krishna is our inner voice, our soul
our guiding light and if we let our life in His hands we have nothing to worry.
Then why are Dronacharya and Bhishma fighting for the Kauravas, if Kauravas are vices? - a valid question.
It just means that as we grow up, our perception of our elders change. The elders who we
thought were perfect in our growing up years are not all that perfect. They have faults. And one day we will have to decide if they are for our good or bad. Then we may also realize that we have to fight them for the good. It is the hardest part of growing up and that is why the
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#Hindu #Funerary Monuments - Chhatri

Chhatri is a memorial chapel built over a #tomb found throughout the region of #Rajasthan, #MadhyaPradesh and #Maharashtra. These memorials commemorate the death of rulers, their consorts, relatives and the elite. 1/🧵
If Samadhis were funerary monuments of saints in #Hindus, Chhatris were #Rajput's choice of the memorial. They made sure that the memory of the chivalry of their ancestors passed on to the next generations. Though, all Chhatris did not necessarily contain the mortal remains. 2/
Chhatri i.e. umbrella, first appeared as a canopy above the tomb in #Islamic #architecture. #Hindu kings transformed the tomb into Chhatri. By the 16th C, Rajput courts had started building Chhatris. It was a place where a noble was cremated, memorialized and later worshipped. 3/
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I recently finished a draft of a chapter on the #Mahabharata. So, quick Q and A round.

Anything you want to know about this stunning epic, ask away. Please keep in mind -- You are asking a historian; expect historian answers.
I'm cutting this off because, well, work doesn't do itself.

Thanks everyone for engaging. The common question was about the historicity of the myth....
Reducing the grand Mahabharata tradition to some alleged kernel of historical truth is an impoverished approach.

There's so much in the epic in terms of narrative, human insights, ethical propositions, and more. Don't get hung up on hard political history and miss the point.
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सनत्सुजातीयम्~Sānatsujātiyam : ii
An Unusual Parallel :

A little digression is Worthwhile here.
Sānatsujāta has listed the 6 most fundamental Virtues that any seeker should have,
before even embarking on the Spiritual path Upward.

In the same #Mahābhārata ., there is another context occurring very much earlier in the Chronology of events,
Which lists for Us the 6 most Fundamental Evils one should Avoid.
Đ Scene is in Sabha Parva, (the 2nd one out of 18 Parvas) where Yudhishthira has just been crowned the
prince of Indraprastha.
Đ Divine roving Rṣi Narada appears on the Scene & in his blessings to the Newly crowned prince,
gives pieces of advice in the form of some Rhetorical Questions.
One of these Questions is whether as a King & Adminstrator He has avoided certain 6 Evils.
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When Bhagwan Krishna returned home after the battle of Mahabharata, his wife Rukmani confronted him “How could you be party to the killing of Guru Drona and Bheeshma, who were such righteous people and had a lifetime of righteousness behind them.”
Initially Bhagwan Krishna avoided her questions but when she did not relent, he replied “No doubt they had a lifetime of rightousness behind them but they both had committed one single sin that destroyed all their lifetime of righteousness”
Rukmani asked “And what was that sin?”
Then Krishna replied “They were both present in the court when a lady (Draupadi) was being disrobed and being elders they had the authority to stop it but they did not. This single crime is enough to destroy all righteousness of this world”
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Short #Thread on Dating of #Mahabharata with help of refs to river #Saraswati.
1. Read this fantastic paper by @meghkalyan & @ManognaSastry
2. They list 144 verses related to River Saraswati frm MB Text.
3. Of these at least 50 show Saraswati in flow!…
4. Paper also lists various places, along the banks of river Saraswati, at which Balrama stopped during his pilgrimage
5. Saraswati is not flowing with the vigour as described in Rig Veda but is still flowing.
6. This gives great clues for dating effort of Mahabharata.
7. Megh & Manogna give a terminus ante quem (latest date beyond which MB cannot happen) as around 1900 BC - as Saraswati completely dried up by then.
8. Hence, all dates of Mahabharat later than 1900 BC (1800 BC etc.) are out of the window - going by this research.
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कन्यां कनकसंपन्नां कनकाभरणैर्युताम् ।
दास्यामि विष्णवे तुभ्यं ब्रह्मलोकजिगीषया ॥

The attached pages are from “ವಿವಾಹ ಮಂತ್ರಸೂತ್ರಗಳು” vivāha mantrasūtragaḷu by SrI M Keshavaiah (my great-great-grandfather”

#kanyAdAna #kESavayya #vAyupurANa #Apastamba ImageImageImage
Here we see the kanyādāna mantra. The words dāsyāmi दास्यामि and pradāsyāmi प्रदास्यामि clearly show that the kanyā (daughter, bride) is given to the groom. Of course the groom “accepts” her, but for him to accept, she first had to be “given”.

#kanyAdAna #kESavayya #vAyupurANa
Lest we get carried away that the bride is “given away” for free use to the groom, there are conditions/ strings attached! Before taking he promises (thrice) to honour her and not transgress her in dharma, artha and kāma by uttering nāticarāmi

#kanyAdAna #kESavayya #vAyupurANa
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One of the true joys in teaching overview classes is that I get to hit some of the highlights of South Asian history every year. Next week is #Mahabharata week.

How do historians teach this epic? Well, it depends on our subject. Short #pedagogy thread --
Starting point -- I can't teach the entire epic. I wish I could. I think about it every year before I come to my senses, again.

So, I teach select portions. Always a bit of the Gita, and then I tend to change-up the other part. This year, I'm doing Draupadi's disrobing.
The Mahabharata is not a straightforward historical text. It is mythology. But it tells us about things we want to know in the Indian past. Here's where I divide up by class.
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@mqakhokhar Ancient Pakistan has only 75 yrs of history & Ancient India is more than 5000yr old.
#Ramayana, (Uttarakandam-XIV) refers Bharata,Hindu God Sri Rama’s brother,who built #Takkhasila(Taxila) and named it after his son Taksha,the first ruler. @KanwalSibal Image
#Mahābhārata :The Kuru heir Parikṣit (Arjuns's grandson)was enthroned at Takṣaśilā.Mahabharata was first recited at Takṣaśilā by Vaishampayana, to King Janamejaya,son of Pariksit & student of Vyasa,at the Snake Sacrifice/Ashwamedha yagna.#SatapathaBrahmana(R.Veda)cites Taxila. ImageImageImage
#Buddhist Jātaka tales(5th CE) mention Taxila as the capital of the Gandhara Kingdom & a great learning center.Chinese travellers like Fa Hian & Huien Tsang speak of Takshashila in their writings. Taxila was ruled by Ancient Indian dynasties Maurya,Shunga,Gupta & Kushana. ImageImage
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Whatever would we have done without the Mughals!

Ahem! These early references to asafoetida/ ಇಂಗು/ಹಿಂಗು iṅgu/ hiṅgu in kannaDa literature surely don’t matter. They must all be post-Mughal interpolations! But humour me anyway please

#asafoetida #ingu #hingu #kannaDa #pre_16thC Image
Working back (ignore kanakadāsa ಮೋಹನತರಂಗಿಣಿ mōhanataraṅgiṇi- mid-16th C

ಸಂಡಗೆಯಿಂಗು ಕಡಲೆವಿಟ್ಟಿರಿಸಿದ
saṇḍageyiṅgu kaḍaleviṭṭirisida

or sūpaśāstra from very early 16th C

ಬಡಿಸಲೊಗ್ಗರಣೆಯಿಂಗಿನ ಕಂಪು
baḍisaloggaraṇeyiṅgina kampu

#asafoetida #ingu #hingu #kannaDa #pre_16thC
And for some comic relief from the permanent jester that is #GoogleTranslate🤪🤭

They are ever so clever- getting straight to the point eg! They sure know what Sringara rasa and ಮೋಹನತರಂಗಿಣಿ mōhanataraṅgiṇi are all about at the end of the day 😂

@Google @GoogleIndia @GoogleAI Image
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Mahabharata has many interpretations and makes us reflective. This is one such interpretation of Mahabharata...and it is so true...
It was said in the texts that eighty percent of the fighting male population of the civilization was wiped out in the eighteen days of the war.
Sanjay , at the end of the war went to the spot where the greatest war took place; Kurukshetra.
He looked around and wondered if the war really happened, if the ground beneath him had soaked all that blood, if the great Pandavas and Krishna stood where he stood.
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*Father Of The Nation* they taught you. But the *True Fathers* Of the Indian Civilization never appeared in our syllabus #Thread 👇
1. Father of astronomy: Aryabhatta; work - Aryabhattiyam
2. Father of astrology: Varahamihira, works; Panchasiddhantika, Bruhat Hora Shastra 1. Father of astronomy: Aryabhatta; work - Aryabhattiyam 2. 1. Father of astronomy: Aryabhatta; work - Aryabhattiyam 2.
3. Fathers of #surgery : Charaka & Sushruta, works: Samhitas
4. Father of #anatomy : #Patanjali, work: #Yogasutra
5. Father of #yoga : #Patanjali, work: #Yogasutra
6. Father of #Economics: Chanakya, work: Arthashshtra
7. Father of #Atomictheory: Rishi Kanada, Work : Kanada sutras Fathers of #surgery : Charaka & Sushruta, works: SamhitasFather of #anatomy : #Patanjali, work: #YogasutraFather of #Economics: Chanakya, work: ArthashshtraFather of #Atomictheory: Rishi Kanada, Work : Kanada sutras
8. Father of #architecture : Vishwakarma
9. Father of #aerodynamics : Mayasura, work : Vastu Darpana
10. Father of #Medicine: Dhanvanthri, first propounded #Ayurveda
11. Father of #grammar : Panini, work: Vyakarana Deepika Father of #architecture : VishwakarmaFather of #Medicine: Dhanvanthri, first propounded #AyurvedaFather of #grammar : Panini, work: Vyakarana Deepika
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#Novel #Conversation Thread @IndicBookClub

Began reading Saiswaroopa’s #Rukmini . Just in the First Chapter. In few pages, it establishes

- The persona of a spectrum of #Mahabharata characters
- The Universe of Rukmini
- The Trajectory of her journey

You get a thick peek.

The Larger Universe of MB characters gives it an epic streak. Hopefully, it will remain throughout the book. That is the larger universe that Rukmini may have to deal with?

Lets see in the coming pages.

The Universe of Rukmini, the small universe, you perceive it through the interest Rukmini shows in things around her.

I wonder how the larger universe impacts this small universe.

Got to wait and see.

Read 25 tweets

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