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With the #COVID19 outbreak, it is important to use language responsibly. Here is the first entry of our new #ContagiousWords series, defining the buzzwords and terminology dominating today's conversation. #Pandemic #PandemicsCost
@ilariacapua Language is powerful, so we must be sure and accurate in the ways we communicate science. #Epidemic #ContagiousWords #COVID19
@ilariacapua The name of the disease is #COVID19 (Coronavirus Infectious Disease 2019), an infection caused by the virus, #SARS_CoV_2 (SARS Coronavirus 2). #ContagiousWords
@ilariacapua FAQ Isolation vs Quarantine?
#Isolation separates sick people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick
#Quarantine separates and restricts movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick

(per @CDCgov)
#COVID19 #ContagiousWords
@ilariacapua @CDCgov Week 2 of #ContagiousWords is underway.

The formula for the #mortality of a defined population is: deaths occurring during a given time period divided by size of the population among which the deaths occurred. #COVID19
@ilariacapua @CDCgov @saraclassics Morbidity or Mortality?

#Morbidity is the proportion of ILLNESS in a population

#Mortality is the proportion of DEATHS in a population

#COVID19 #ContagiousWords
Lethality vs Fatality

#Lethality is a condition, the ability/capacity to cause death

#Fatality is a death, or the fact of a disease resulting in death

#COVID19 #ContagiousWords
3 out of every 4 new or emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic.
(per @CDCgov)
#Zoonosis #COVID19 #ContagiousWords
#COVID19 is a zoonosis, which is a type of infectious disease transmissible from animals to humans.
#InfectiousDisease #ContagiousWords
Pathogenesis and Etiology

#Pathogenesis the study of the biological mechanism progress of disease. It answers HOW a disease developed.

#Etiology is the study of the cause of a disease. It answers WHY a disease developed.
#Virus #ContagiousWords

#SARSCoV2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) is the name of the virus that causes #COVID19, as it is closely related to the SARS coronavirus from 2003.

For more information:
#Antiviral is not a synonym for vaccine.

#ContagiousWords #COVID19
The current projection for a #COVID19 #Vaccine is roughly 12-18 months, due to time required for clinical testing and mass production.

Common #symptoms for #COVD19 include fever, dry cough, and shortness of breath. What to do if you show these symptoms? Follow the CDC's advice:…

Today's word: #ViralShedding
Is #COVID19 airborne? Follow the @CDCgov, @WHO, and @NIH for the latest information and updates!
#COVID19 can spread from person-to-person through respiratory #droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

More info:…
“A lot of these pathogens that come out of wildlife into domestic animals or people, have existed in wild animals for a very long time...when we encroach upon the host populations our action increases the level of risk."

David Quammen from his book "Spillover"

Per @CDCgov, #COVID19 testing swabs have to be long and skinny enough to get to the nasopharynx, the upper part of the throat, behind the nose; made of synthetic fiber and without a wooden shaft as well as without calcium alginate, which can kill the virus. #ContagiousWords
Understanding the Difference between Face Masks: Surgical Mask vs N95 Respirator:…

#ContagiousWords #Masks
Today's #ContagiousWord: #Panic. The word was born from a fear of something intangible.

During the night there fell on the Greeks a “panic” (Πανικός). For unreasonable fears are said to come from the god Pan. Pausanias (10.23)
Could the loss of sense of smell a symptom of #COVID19 infection?…

#ContagiousWords #Anosmia
Is ‘social distancing’ the wrong term? #COVID19 #ContagiousWords…
Is Loss of Taste a Symptom of #COVID19? #ContagiousWords
Wash your hands to avoid contagion of #SARSCoV2 through #fomites (infected items) #ContagiousWords
Fever is a common symptom of #COVID19 #ContagiousWords
#Respirator vs #Ventilator in the time of #COVID19

To avoid confusion: use ventilator when talking about machines that help people breathe.

Use respirator when talking about the protective masks for health professionals.

The identification of people who came into contact of a person positive for the #SARS_COV_2 during the two week #incubation period.
It is currently estimated that the period of incubation of #COVID19 varies between 2 and 11 days, up to a maximum of 14 days.
"We’re not just fighting an epidemic; we’re fighting an infodemic”, said WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (@DrTedros) at the Munich Security Conference on Feb 15
How to Wash Your Hands:… via @CDCgov

Watch our hand-washing video featuring music from @caterpillarrai:

#ContagiousWords #COVID19
R0 represents the number of new infections estimated to stem from a single case. In other words, if R0 is 2, then one person with the disease is expected to infect, on average, 2 others. What is the R0 for the #SARS_COV_2?

Although the term “wet market” may refer to markets that sell wild animals and wildlife products, it is not synonymous with the term “wildlife market,” which exclusively refers to markets that contain wildlife products.

#ContagiousWords #COVID19
When soap and water are not available, hand sanitizer is recommended. Ingesting disinfectants DOES NOT help prevent or treat #COVID19.
"#Misinformation, ie. false information (that is) shared accidentally vs #Disinformation, i.e. false information (that is) shared deliberately.”


#ContagiousWords #COVID19
Reopening requires all of us to move forward together by practicing physical distancing and other daily habits, such as washing our hands, to reduce our risk of exposure to #COVID19.…

Today's #ContagiousWord: Plexiglass

Is #COVID19 the first pandemic that evolves into a panzootic? - PubMed - NCBI

Today's #ContagiousWord: Natural Reservoir AKA Reservoir Host

Nature’s sudden resurgence: a “silver lining” to the #COVID19 pandemic.

#Proning for many consecutive hours a day improves survival for many seriously ill #COVID19 patients developing #ARDS.
MIS-C: Covid-Related Syndrome Affecting Children.

A #relapse is when you are presenting symptoms of the same infection that has come back, as opposed to a new infection of the same pathogen. In other words, the infection was never cleared, it was that the symptoms resolved and returned as opposed to the infection being cleared.
Hydroxychloroquine not effective against coronavirus via @politico and…
Racism is “one of the more dangerous infectious diseases” -Ayesha Appa (@AyeshaAppaMD)
What is a #syndemic? The word describes the fact that, especially African Americans, are experiencing more than one epidemic at the same time.
Despite acting early to fight the virus, Peru is one of the world’s biggest hot spots.
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