Subhrajyoti Parida Profile picture
A photographer, a traveler, poet & an aviation enthusiast ; A Mechanical engineer too, MBA in SCM & Operations; Above all Sanatani Satyanweshi
Prayas Rath Profile picture 1 added to My Authors
25 Oct
This is what Arab Geographer and traveller, Abu Zaidu-l Hasan, of Siraf (916 CE-?) [who based on his travel to India in 10th century CE and reading and questioning Persian and Arab travellers and merchants to India like Sulaiman and Al Masudi,... ImageImageImage
.. compiled and supplemented the travelogues] has recorded about royal women and veils👇 in Medieval India m, before Islamic rule firmly established in India :-
#veil #History #India #Medieval #woman #royal #princess #thread
“Royal women are not veiled.Most of the princes of India, when they hold a court, allow their women to be seen by the men who attend it, whether they be natives or foreigners.

No veil conceals them from the eyes of the visitor.” ImageImage
Read 14 tweets
21 Oct
#Thread on whether we had Dowry system (the way it is prevalent in present society) in Medieval India ? #History #Marriage #Dowry #Stridhan #Hindu #SanatanDharma #Women #Medieval #Bharat #India
We will be analysing the following travel records of medieval time Arab and Chinese travelers, traders and scholars like Alberuni (970-1039 CE) [who came to India with Mahmud Ghazni and stayed here for a substantial time chiefly in Punjab],..
.. Chau Ju-Kua (a foreign trade inspector) who compiled his work in about 1225 CE and has given a good insight on South India and Ma Twan-lin, who travelled and recorded about South India in mid-13th century CE. All the following information on whether..
Read 33 tweets
10 Oct
Mini- #Thread on islands of #Lakshadweep and #Maldives as observed and recorded by Sulaiman, the Arab merchant (who undertook several voyages to India and China),in his travel diary, known as ‘Akhbar Al-Sin wa’l Hind’ dated 851 CE. #History #India #Islamic #medieval #Bharat
“The third sea is the Sea of Harkandh [from Sanskrit Harikeliya, Bay of Bengal]. Between it and the Sea of Larvi there are numerous islands. It is said that they are one thousand and nine hundred islands, and they mark the boundaries of these two seas,..
.. namely Larvi [Lata for Gujarat] and Harkandh... In these islands, ruled by the woman, coconut palms grow in abundance. The distance between one island and the other is two, three or four farsakh, and each one of these is inhabited by people and has coconut palms...
Read 10 tweets
9 Oct
Rig Veda 1.32.11

दा॒सप॑त्नी॒रहि॑गोपा अतिष्ठ॒न्निरु॑द्धा॒ आपः॑ प॒णिने॑व॒ गावः॑ ।
अ॒पां बिल॒मपि॑हितं॒ यदासी॑द्वृ॒त्रं ज॑घ॒न्वाँ अप॒ तद्व॑वार ॥
#vedas #SanatanDharma #hindu #Hinduism
Word-Meaning: -
हे सभापते ! (पाणिनेव) गाय आदि पशुओं के पालने और (गावः) गौओं को यथायोग्य स्थानों में रोकनेवाले के समान (दासपत्नीः) अति बल देनेवाला मेघ जिनका पति के समान और (अहिगोपाः) रक्षा करनेवाला है वे (निरुद्धाः) रोके हुए (आपः) (अतिष्ठन्) स्थित होते हैं उन (अपाम्) जलों का (यत्)
जो (बिलम्) गर्त्त अर्थात् एक गढ़े के समान स्थान (अपहितम्) ढ़ापसा रक्खा (आसीत्)* उस (वृत्रम्) मेघ को सूर्य (जघन्वान्) मारता है मारकर (तत्) उस जल की (अपववार) रुकावट तोड़ देता है वैसे आप शत्रुओं को दुष्टाचार से रोक के न्याय अर्थात् धर्ममार्ग को प्रकाशित रखिये ॥११॥
Read 7 tweets
15 Sep
Review on Growth of Scheduled Castes and Tribes in Medieval India by Dr K S Lal. [#Thread ] #History #india #scheduledtribe #scheduledcaste #caste #indic #civilization #Hindus #hinduism #SanatanDharma #medieval #bharat
This well researched book is a gem for all those who are curious to learn the actual state of the present day STs/SCs during Medieval Ages, especially in Hindu Society.
It challenges and devastates the false extreme narrative built first by colonial Western Indologists and later popularised by Marxists Historians, that Hindu upper castes used to unleash unimaginable amount of inhuman atrocities on lower castes..
Read 23 tweets
5 Sep
#Thread on the Legend of Hun-t’ien (Kaundinya) and Liu-yeh (Nagi Soma) who founded the first Hindu Kingdom of Khmer in Funan (present day Cambodia).#Hindu #Hinduism #Cambodia #History #india #bharat #indic #civilisation #IndoChina #khmer #asia #legend #indian
As per the extracts from the works of French Sinologist Paul Pelliot who researched on Indo China history, there exists a strong historical link between India and the Hindu Kingdom of Khmer in Funan (present day Cambodia).
The research says about Hun-t’ien (Indian name Kaundinya) whom Indian legend regard was a great Brahmin who received his spear from Asvatthaman (Aswathama), son of Drona, teacher of the Pandavas in the epic Mahabharata.
Read 17 tweets
26 Aug
#Thread on capture of Delhi by Hindu Barwaris (1320-21 CE) #History #islamic #Hindus #delhi #Sultanate #delhisultanate #lowcaste
This and some of the upcoming threads will be dedicated to how our so called ‘low caste’ Hindu brothers and sisters directly confronted atrocious Islamic rule during Middle Ages in India.

The first in this series is Capture of Delhi by Hindu Barwaris
Barwaris, as confirmed by contemporary Muslim chroniclers such as Barani, Amir Khusrau and Ibn Battuta, belonged to a tribe of (so called as per present definition) lower social status, primarily from Gujarat...
Read 28 tweets
11 Aug
This is what I-Tsing (635 CE-?), Chinese pilgrim (Sanskrit name Pragnadeva), observed abt abstinence from onions among Indians of all classes contrary to today’s popular belief that only Brahmins or upper class avoid onion👇 #History #india #bharat #onions #food #abstinence
“Indian abstinence from onions: When I was in the Nalanda monastery, I discussed this point with the Dhyana master Wu-hing, but we were doubtful still and could not exactly distinguish one from the other...
.. None of the people of all the five parts of India eat any kind of onions, or raw vegetables, and therefore they do not suffer from indigestion; the stomach and the intestines are healthy, and there is no trouble in their becoming hard and aching.”
Read 7 tweets
3 Aug
#Thread on Ardhnarishwar form of the Divine Couple of Shiv-Shakti as recorded by Greek author Porphyry (AD 233-306) in 4th Book of his treatise On Abstinence from Animal Food, called Physica, i. 56. Gaisford’s Edition [based on the works of a Babylonian, Bardesanes (AD 154-..)]
Read 9 tweets
31 Jul
#Thread on Measurement of Time & Astronomy in Ancient India as observed by Hieun Tsiang (Yuan Chwang) (602-664 CE) in ‘Record of Travels to the Western Regions’👇 #History #india #bharat #civilisation #travel #time #measurement #astronomy #sun #moon #science
“the names of the months are derived from the position (of the moon in respect) of the asterisms.
Read 9 tweets
30 Jul
#Thread on Units of measurement of Length in Ancient India as observed by Hieun Tsiang (Yuan Chwang) (602-664 CE), the Chinese traveller, in ‘Record of Travels to the Western Regions’ 👇 #History #india #bharat #indic #civilisation #travel #math #measurement #science
“In point of measurements, there is first of all the yojana (yu-shen-na); this from the time of the holy kings of old has been regarded as a day’s march for an army....
Read 9 tweets
25 Jul
#Thread on Shivalinga - a symbolic representation of the all powerful, omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent Mahadev, and His Shiv-Shakti manifestation. #SHIVA #shakti #SanatanDharma #Hinduism #Dharma #Hindutva
Shivalinga consists of two words - Shiva and Linga.

Shiva word means ‘Kalyan’ or welfare and happiness for all, irrespective of caste, creed, gender etc. Hence, when we chant ‘AUM NAMAH SHIVAYA’ , it means we humbly surrender before the all powerful, omniscient, omnipotent..
Read 22 tweets
24 Jul
#Thread on Period of Celibacy during student life (Brahmacharya Ashram) for both boys & girls, as per Vedic principles, in Ancient India 👇
Disclaimer: The Age of marriages in this thread were applicable during ancient days when the society was governed by Vedic principles, and the complying smritis.I don’t endorse early marriages as per the ages mentioned in the thread in present times. This is only for learning.
Read 42 tweets
9 Jul

Sandhyaopaasanaa was/is one of the two mandatory daily great activities for boys and girls students in ancient gurukulas or those which are run as per ancient Vedic system.
The preparatory stages for Sandhyaopaasanna or Divine worship are:-

1. Bathing - which effects bodily cleanliness, and ensures health.
Read 26 tweets
22 Jun
THREAD on Who Is A Brahman ?

Our eternal knowledge in the form of revered Vedas and other associated scriptures along with smritis (those in line with the Vedic principles) have time and again reiterated quite authoritatively that Varna (class) is based on one’s qualities..
behaviour and character, rather than on birth by default. One many go through this wonderful thread by below 👇

and several other threads by multiple learned men and women, to further get enlightened of the true meaning of Varna.
Read 52 tweets
9 Jun
THREAD on Etymology of AUM (🕉)

AUM represents the highest name of the almighty absolute God, who is omnipresent, omnipotent, omniscient and greatest of all. @MsStilettoes @jtiku @VedicWisdom1 @harshasherni @AartiAuthor @dhingramahima9 @SRaEarth09 @VertigoWarrior #AUM
... This one name comprises many other names of one true God. AUM is composed of three letters : A, U, M.
... Briefly, AUM consists of the following :-

1)A stands for Viraat, Agni and Vishwa, etc. .
2)U stands for Hiranyagarbha, Vaayu and Tajjas, etc.
3)M stands for I'shwara, A'ditya and Prajnaa, etc.
Read 33 tweets
23 Apr
Roman chronicler Claudius Aelianus (mid-second century AD) wrote A Collection of Miscellaneous History; (translated by McCrindle) wherein he says the following regarding Ox races in India 👇 @dhingramahima9 @AartiAuthor @VaruKrutika @icedtea28 @harshasherni @apparrnnaa :-
“Oxen races: C. xxiv. The Indians make much ado also about the oxen that run fast; and both the king himself and many of the greatest nobles take contending views of their swiftness, and make bets in gold and silver, and think it no disgrace to stake their money on these animals.
They yoke them in chariots, and incur hazard on the chance of victory. The horses that are yoked to the car run in the middle with an ox on each side, and one of these wheels sharp round the turning-post and must run thirty stadia...
Read 123 tweets
24 Mar
The India They Saw by Sandhya Jain. Nice read so far. So fascinating & informative book detailing the accounts of foreign travellers, diplomats, monks etc who visited India between 500 BCE and 700 CE. #StayAtHomeSaveLives ⁦⁦…
There r some interesting insights about Indians as imagined & misinterpreted by some Greek diplomats and Historians..
.. like one Ancient Greek Historian, who is regarded as Father of History in Western World, writes that Indians had lot of gold bcoz we used to steal them from gold digging ants of size same as average men. 🤦‍♂️🤦‍♂️ @UnbiasedSecular @iDrKaRiShMa @VertigoWarrior @apparrnnaa @icedtea28
Read 56 tweets
7 Feb
THREAD: I came across this book ‘The Status of Muslim Women in Medieval India’ by Sudha Sharma. So this thread. Though the author was a highly acclaimed bureaucrat, done phD in history and is a lecturer too in this field,...
..I am surprised to find that in this book of hers, she puts the entire of blame of female infanticide and demeaning status of Muslim Women in India during Medieval periods, on some mistranslated (or rather mistransliterated) Vedic verses such as Atharva Ved 6/11/3....
..correct meaning of which is attached in the primary tweet of this thread. Disappointing to see that the very academicians who should be propagating the correct meaning of our ancient knowledge, are doing exactly the opposite, being part of propaganda against Sanatan Hinduism
Read 16 tweets