Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Medieval

Most recents (24)

Some #medieval English kings' consecrations were multilingual, too. This 1000-year-old Old English oath claims it's "letter-for-letter what Archbishop Dunstan [d. 988] gave our lord at Kingston the day he was consecrated king."… Image
The king promised:
1. The Church of God and all the people would have true peace.
2. He would forbid acts of robbery and other bad things.
3. He would uphold justice and mercy.
This has been translated and analyzed by Mary Clayton:… ImageImage
The following text (prob added by Wulfstan d. 1023), further specifies that the king should condemn no one; protect widows, orphans, foreigners; prevent theft, adultery, incest, witches (wiccan), etc; feed the needy; have old and wise counsellors.… Image
Read 7 tweets
-Battle of Lechfeld 955- 🧵

The battle of Lechfeld was a significant event in the history of europe, because it stopped the raids of the Magyars people.
The battle took place near the city of Augusta, in a plain flanked by the river Lech. (1/6)
#svagaiature #battles #medieval Image
Otto I arrived with his troops near the city between the 8th and 9th of August. He was joined by the dukes of Bavaria, of Lotharingia, of Swabians and of Bohemia. Otto had at his disposala round 10k heavy cavlry, against around 50k of the enemy light cavalry. (2/6) Image
The emeperor knew the strategy of the magyars, as it was similar to the one used by the Hunn: they tried to avoid at all cost a melee fight. The next day Otto arranged his troops in a column diveded by nationality, (3/6)
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-The Carroccio- 🧵

A carroccio was a large very decorated wagon, moved by oxes, bearing the city signs. It was highly regard by the italian communes, around it the militia of the city gathered and fought, and losing it in battle meant defeat. (1/6)
#svagaiature #italy #medieval
It is thought to have Lomgobards origins, used by the aristocracy of the kingdom as a charriot. By XI century its functions became mainly symbolic, because of the added weight of the Cross and the city banners. (2/6)
Documents dating 1158 and 1201 confirm the presence of the milanese carroccio in San Giorgio al Palazzo’s church, in time of peace. In the battle of #Legnano, 29th of May 1176, the carrocio played a crucial role in the final victory. (3/6)
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Książka "Dobre czasy. Jak zarobić w średniowieczu" do końca marca w promocji -20%, do kupienia na naszej stronie

Kilka słów o czym są „Dobre czasy” i kto powinien po nie sięgnąć. To książka o życiu w średniowiecznej Europie z Image
naciskiem na jego stronę finansowo – gospodarczą. Często patrzymy na tamtą epokę przez pryzmat pół - baśniowych historii o rycerzach i księżniczkach, albo też zupełnie fantastycznych światów luźno opartych na realiach „ciemnych wieków”. Zapominamy, że ludzie żyjący kilkaset Image
lat temu nie różnili się zbytnio od nas. Też chcieli mieszkać bezpiecznie w ładnym domu, dobrze jeść i modnie się ubrać A przecież to wszystko kosztowało, skąd więc nasi przodkowie brali na to pieniądze?

Z pracy oczywiście. A ta bywała bardzo różna, często skomplikowana i Image
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Today pridie kalendas Ianuarias MMDCCLXXV AUC I offer up some posts/threads/links of philological interest I have lately seen. They are *not* ranked. Maybe I add to in new year. Said #philology is very BROAD church in the truest sense. Please, enjoy 🧵
1. Lovely little podcast with @OlaWikander which gives great example led discussion of the study on ancient langs/cultures. At the very least listen to his exegesis on his specialty, Ugaritic.
2. Here is @DrMichaelBonner (yes, another podcast). Worth listening to as he is a practicing philologist beyond the academy
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Let’s dig into the conclusion of the Hundred Years’ War. The final events and battles that led to the end of that extraordinary conflict between France and England. Get ready for a nice #thread 🧵 👇 #history #medieval
You can listen to the episode here:… Image
After Jeanne D’Arc’s intervention and Charles VII’s crowning, the English keep suffering defeat after defeat. Henri VI tries to legitimize his claim to the French throne by being crowned king of France in December 1431 in Paris, but it doesn't help his cause. Henry VI of England
The English army in France starts showing cracks and the English king is under pressure from his own nobles regarding the recent setbacks. Charles VII of France, reinforced by his military successes, starts new negotiations with the Burgundians. Charles VII of France
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Allez, juste pour le plaisir : critique du film « #Medieval », en ce moment sur #Netflix. Comme le nom l’indique ça se passe au Moyen Âge (si si, je vous jure). Et c’est bourré de clichés et d’erreurs grossières... Petit thread plein de mauvaise foi ⬇️ #medievaltwitter #Histoire
Le film se passe en 1402, en Bohême, et suit le parcours du capitaine de mercenaires Jan Žižka (personnage historique, célèbre pour son rôle dans les guerres hussites). Y a plein d'anachronismes au niveau des persos mais on s'en fiche, c'est de la fiction, on a le droit.
Cliché numéro 1 : la violence. Le film s’ouvre littéralement sur les mots « Violence... Tyrannie... Complots... Pouvoir ». On ne peut pas faire plus caricatural.
On est en plein dans ce Moyen Âge imaginaire qu’on pourrait appeler « le Moyen Âge de Game of Thrones »
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Charlemagne is considered a great leader by many historians and was seen as such by his contemporaries. He certainly is the most influential figure of the early Middle Ages in Western Europe. Let's talk about him and his accomplishments, shall we? Long #Thread #medieval #History Image
By the VIIth century, the Franks had authority over most of what we now call France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland as well as Western Germany. They had conquered this territory in the course of two centuries under the rule of a dynasty known as the Merovingians. Clovis, first king of the F...
The Merovingians were not, for the most part, strong kings. I mean that their power was diluted. They shared it with nobles and feudal system was not yet the one we are familiar with. As time went on, actual power was often in the hands of people known as mayors of the palace.
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1/Centuries before the #printingpress took off in Europe, printers in Egypt employed a type of woodblock printing known as “tarsh” (طرش). Only around 100 of these tarsh prints are known to exist. They are also very cool, so here’s a 🧵on #Arabic block prints in @theUL. #Cambridge
2/“Woodblock printing” is a term historians use to talk about making a big stamp and slapping paper onto it. Block printers would carve wood so the negative space looked like whatever image or text they wanted to print. Then they’d coat it in ink and stamp some paper. Easy.
3/Except it wasn’t easy. It takes a lot of skill to carve the negative image of Arabic calligraphy into a piece of wood. I mean just look at this thing. It’s an amulet quoting the #Quran that would have been carried for protection. Most tarsh prints are amulets like this.
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#Earlymodern #books and manuscripts, well, a complete #library discovered in a hidden room in the tower of a Lutheran fortified church in #Transylvania! @onslies @groenewortels 1/ ImageImageImageImage
#More #books... Beautiful bindings! 2/ ImageImageImageImage
Timeline cleanser... #books. More information on the church:… 3/ ImageImageImageImage
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I’d like to clarify something regarding my recent focus on France’s medieval history. A listener asked me how relevant it was for American listeners, who are the main focus of this show, albeit not an exclusive one.
I think it’s relevant for a number of reasons. Here goes: 🧵
First, it helps understand how France was built as a kingdom and as a nation. This didn’t happen overnight. The Middle Ages are key to understand France’s evolution and political system.
Second, the many conflicts France had during this period matter to this day.
Especially the ones with England. Medieval France and England have a uniquely intertwined relationship that will impact these two countries for centuries. And these two countries colonized North America. See where I’m going? It’s all part of the American narrative.
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1. My #SamarkandSummit orientalist🧵on its toponym and etymology. Incorrect is #Wikipedia's #Samarkand etymon entry and false analogy to #Tashkent. Both #Samarkand, like neighbouring #Bukhara, remain extensively debated in eastern #MiddleIranian #philology.
2. #Samarkand, contra #Wikipedia, is not 'stone city'. The first element /sm’r/ remains unexplained. On #Sogdian sm’rknδh [Ancient Letters], cf. Chin. Samojian 颯秣建 Gr. Μαρακάνδοι, scholarly consensus exists only on second compound, #Sogdian 'town, city'.
3. #Sogdian knδh 'town, city' > #Christian #Sogdian qθ; /sm’r/ element unmentioned in Gharib 1995 [Sogdian #Dictionary], @iranicaonline, or EI2 [Enc. of #Islam) entries. See @Brill_ME_Africa EI2, VIII/1995: 1031-032, s.v. #Samarkand Schaeder (rev. Bosworth).
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Several people have told me that #TheQueue ( #thequeueforthequeen) is like something from the Middle Ages and have asked me, as a medievalist, about it. Here are a few #medieval thoughts about some similarities and differences. 🧵
People on @BBCr4today described seeing flashes of light at the catafalque. Similar signs were reported at medieval royal shrines; e.g at St Fremund's tomb at Offchurch (Warwickshire) the sun shone brightly as a 'special sygne', guiding pilgrims to the entombment of the saint St Fremund's body entombed under an elaborate canopy at Offc
(The Catafalque, a word we don’t use very often, is a borrowing from baroque Roman Catholicism, especially papal catafalques. @OED says it first appeared c. 1660 as 'cartapalco' and derives from medieval Latin 'catafaltus', scaffold. Here's Pope Paul V's catafalque, Rome, 1621) Pope Paul V [Borghese]'s catafalque, Rome (Santa Maria Maggi
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#BuildingInFocus A cobbled #Norfolk alley shelters England’s last surviving Hanseatic warehouse. 'Hanse House' was a trading post for the Hanseatic League - a confederation of #medieval merchants. Built in 1475, when #KingsLynn was England's most important port... 🧵

In 1505, 40+ German merchants were trading raw materials and luxury goods out of Lynn. But in 1561 they began to lease the buildings to local families. In 1751, a wealthy brewer purchased the complex, adding a Georgian townhouse... 🧵

📷Alienturnedhuman; Public domain, Wikimedia
The townhouse saw many uses: girls’ school (from 1880); surgeon's house (1891) & #WWI army officers' quarters. It previously housed @NorfolkCC, who restored ity in 1969 & secured Grade I listing in 1972. The complex now houses a variety of businesses.

📷Poppyland Publishing
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Thinking about rubrication and manuscripts. I feel like I ought to build a Tampermonkey or Greasemonkey script that takes initial capitals online and makes them large, red, even historiated /illuminated. An illuminated and historiated initial letter (D perhaps wit
Or perhaps something that converts the CSS of @Hypothes_is highlights and makes the letters red instead of having a yellow background? #EdTech
A bit reminiscent, but of a different historical period than the index card idea.
What if we had a collection of illuminated initials and some code that would allow for replacing capitals at the start of paragraphs we were reading?
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#Solstice #Sunrise at the Barrow - a meditation on time, what litte, we know of #AngloSaxon "#Litha", and on what #livinghistory #history and #archaeology is truly "for". 🧵 Image
Very early yesterday morning members Æd and AlexP travelled to @SoultonHall @SacredStonesLtd Soulton Long Barrow to experience a unique moment in the solar calendar which, though concerned with the reckoning of time, is essentially universal and #timeless. 1/32
The Midsummer Solstice has always been a significant moment in the year, across many cultures, as far back as deep #prehistory. In Britain our landscape is dotted with #stoneage #neolithic and #bronzeage #prehistoric monuments which bear witness to this. 2/32 Image
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A few years ago All Saints Church in Hereford got funding for the erection of a cafe on a new mezzanine level. A new seating gallery had excellent lighting, all the better to illuminate detail of the magnificent intricate carvings cloaked in shadow since the 14th century! …Ah. Image
The man in the carving has appropriately been nicknamed Seamus O’Toole, and it is thought that his spirited salutation was created by a disgruntled medieval artisan. ImageImage
Stone gargoyles and decorative misericords have all sorts of symbolic meanings but there is some anecdotal evidence that the more ribald version was a final flourish of carpenters and masons scammed of their pay. ImageImage
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Short🧵. As many people know, Laxton, in Nottinghamshire, is one of the few places in England where large-scale #medieval open #fields survive, still collectively organised & managed in the same way that they were 6 and more centuries ago. … /1
The term ‘open fields’ has become shorthand for large (often huge) areas of arable, subdivided into unhedged blocks (‘furlongs’), subdivided in turn into narrow strips (‘selions’). #medieval #landscape. /2
And the strips (selions) in each furlong were shared out, one by one in repetitive order, between the village’s farmers. This 1617 map from Balsham, Cambs., names of the farmer of each strip. By 1617 some had acquired & merged neighbouring strips, others had subdivided theirs. /3
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Over the last few days, I have seen posts advocating @RoySocChem, @AmerChemSociety to #boycott Russian scientists at conferences/from publications. Some Universities in Europe have already done so. I am very, very strongly against the boycott!
Here is a🧵with my reasons 1/11
For disclosure - I am Russian, born in the USSR, with my family currently in Russia and in Ukraine
I have been living in the UK alone since 16yo, when I went to @DurhamChemistry for my UG
*I will use male pronouns for leaders due to the gender bias in power 2/11
I'm sad to receive full face criticism for the actions of the 'president' neither I nor my family/friends ever voted. I know he still totals 146% & an absolute 'support'. I was lucky to have been in a position to 'vote with my legs out of Russia', but most people could not! 3/11
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Preliminary distribution map of helmets in my upcoming paper and new typology:

(Note: Not all are late Roman helmets, merely related examples for discussion.)

#Classicstwitter #Medievaltwitter #Medieval #Roman #twitterstorians #Byzantine #Archaeology…
Breakdown by type of Roman-manufactured helmets:…
Breakdown by datation of ridge helmets:…
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#RomanSiteSaturday - The Pantheon🏛️

(1/8) Located in #Rome, Italy, the Pantheon is arguably the best surviving example of Imperial #Roman architecture. Richly decorated with Corinthian columns and a variety of coloured marble, it is truly a remarkable site.

#History #Classics
(2/8) Originally constructed during the reign of the emperor Augustus under the patronage of Marcus Agrippa, the current temple is actually a reconstruction undertaken by Trajan and Hadrian following an earthquake. Finished in 126CE, the original inscription was retained:

"M[arcus] Agrippa L[ucii] f[ilius] co[n]s[ul] tertium fecit"

"Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, made [this building] when consul for the third time."
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THREAD: Basil’s Campaigns in Bulgaria (Part Two) #Byzantine #medieval #bulgaria #varangian Image
In 1001 Basil marched his army from Constantinople to Preslav and Pliska, quickly taking the much weakened cities. Basil then took the city of Silistra on the Danube, beating back Bulgar counterattacks. With the north secure, Basil marched to Komotini in Thrace to winter. Image
In 1002, Basil continued the campaign by attacking key forts around Thessaloniki and recaptured Larissa. Once the area was secured, Basil moved back north to the Danube and besieged the castle of Vidin.
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THREAD: Basil II’s Campaigns in Bulgaria (Part One)
#Byzantine #medieval #Bulgaria #varangian #warfare Image
Before we can talk about Basil’s conquest of Bulgaria, we need to provide some context and examine the Basileus first campaign and the failures that would shape his reign.
Basil’s dream had always been to succeed where no Basileus had before and conquer Bulgaria, but Basil’s early reign was marred by the rebellion of Bardas Skleros in Anatolia from 976-979. Tsar Samuel of Bulgaria took advantage of this unrest. Image
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#RomanSiteSaturday - The Temple of Bacchus🏛️🍷

(1/6) Located in Baalbek, #Lebanon, the Temple of #Bacchus is an amazing example of Imperial Roman architecture, adorned with Corinthian columns and lavishly decorated ceilings and parapets.

#Classics #Roman #Archaeology #History
(2/6) Likely constructed under emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161CE), the temple is a massive 66m long, 35m wide and 31m tall, which is larger than the Parthenon in Athens! 8 columns wide and 15 columns deep, it features a walled cult room split between two floors and a crypt.
(3/6) Despite its namesake, it is unknown as to which deity it was dedicated. Archaeological evidence from the site however suggests #Bacchus, as the interior design depicts a god of wine and ecstasy and other Bacchic symbolism like Maenads and revellers.
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