Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #classics

Most recents (24)

Nunca dejes que nadie te robe tu libertad individual. #ElManantial (1949), de #KingVidor, es un alegato a favor del individualismo y en contra de las ideologías socializantes, que dio inicio a la gran historia de amor entre #GaryCooper y #PatriciaNeal. Este viernes en #Classics. Image
#AynRand, la autora de #ElManantial, era una mujer nacida en 1905 en San Petersburgo, que odiaba la Revolución rusa del 25 de octubre de 1917 que empobreció su tierra y a su familia.
Howard Roark defiende el principio del individualismo y los derechos intransferibles, la naturaleza de la creatividad, lo individual contra lo colectivo, la destrucción y el miedo colectivista en la historia de la humanidad, la libertad individual
Read 6 tweets
#RomanSiteSaturday - The Arch of Constantine 🏛️

(1/7) Situated in Rome between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill, this imposing triumphal arch spans the Via Triumphalis, a road taken by victorious Roman generals celebrating a triumph.

#Classics #Rome #Archaeology #History
(2/7) Built between 312 - 315 CE, this monument commemorated Constantine's victory over his rival Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge in 312. Commissioned by the senate, it was unveiled on 25th July 315 to much celebration and prayer.
(3/7) Stylistically, the arch is a clear example of the downfall of Classical Greek art forms in the Roman period, and a sign of the city's decline. Re-using reliefs of Trajan, Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius alongside those of Constantine, it presented a mixed artistic message.
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#RomanSiteSaturday The Tomb of Eurysaces the Baker 🏛️💀🍞

(1/7) The witty and entertaining tomb of Marcus Vergilius Eurysaces is one of the best-preserved freedmen funerary monuments in #Rome and sits in a prominent position at the Porta Maggiore.

#Classics #Roman #Archaeology
(2/7) Built c. 30 - 20 BCE, this extravagant site reflects both Eurysaces' wealth and sense of humour. A freedman who must have made a fortune from a chain of bakeries supplying bread for public rations, he seems to have been immensely proud of his position and riches.
(3/7) Indeed, his tomb is an architectural pun. Made of tufa and white marble, it takes the form of bakery equipment. The three rows of medallions at the top are dough-kneading bins on their sides, and the lower 'columns' are upright dough-bins stacked on top of one another.
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#RomanSiteSaturday - Pyramid of Cestius 🏛️

(1/9) Located in #Rome, the Pyramid of Cestius is one of the best preserved classical buildings in the city. Moreover, as an imitation of an #Egyptian pyramid, it is also one of the most unique.

#Classics #Roman #Archaeology #History
(2/9) Built between 18 - 12 BCE, the pyramid was constructed as a tomb for Gaius Cestius. Cestius had served as a praetor, tribune of the plebs, and was a member of the Septemviri Epulorum, one of the four great religious corporations of the city.
(3/9) Stylistically, it appears to imitate the pointed pyramids of Nubia, particularly in the ancient Kingdom of Meroë. In 23 BCE, Rome attacked this kingdom, leading scholars to postulate that Cestius may have served in this campaign and been inspired by Nubian architecture.
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A little late for #AncientSiteSunday, but here is a thread on the incredible Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion! 🏛️

(1/5) Located at Cape Sounion on the Attic peninsula, this ancient Greek temple holds a commanding view of the Aegean sea.

#Classics #Greece #Archaeology #Athens
(2/5) Originally, an Archaic-period temple sat on the site. Made of tufa, it was destroyed c. 480 BCE during the #Persian invasion of Greece. Despite being destroyed, the Athenians placed a captured Persian trireme on its ruins following the allied Greek victory in 479.
(3/5) The surviving temple was constructed between 444 - 440 BCE, and serves as one of the major monuments of the Athenian golden age.

Later described by Strabo as a "noteworthy settlement", it remained a significant cult centre into the #Roman imperial period.
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#RomanSiteSaturday - Fishbourne Roman Palace🏛️

(1/8) Located in Chichester, #England, Fishbourne Roman Palace (@romanpalace) is an incredible example of Roman residential architecture and is thus far the largest building known from #RomanBritain.

#Classics #Roman #History
(2/8) Fishbourne Palace has very early origins compared to the many sites of Roman Britain. Occupation of the site appears to have started in 43 CE, the year of the Roman invasion. Initially, Fishbourne acted as a supply depot for the Roman army.
(3/8) By the 60's CE, the site had developed into a stone-walled villa, which featured a colonnaded courtyard garden and bathhouse. Based on excavations, it appears Italian craftsmen were employed to decorate Fishbourne with wall paintings and stucco mouldings.
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#RomanSiteSaturday - The Temple of Augustus 🏛️

(1/6) The stunning Temple of Augustus is situated in the city of Pula in #Croatia, and stands as one of the best preserved Greco-Roman temples outside of Italy.

#Classics #ClassicsTwitter #Roman #History #Archaeology
(2/6) Built between 27 BCE - 14 CE, it was dedicated to the Emperor Augustus during his lifetime. Part of a collection of three temples, the Temple of Augustus sat to the left of two now destroyed temples, one of which was dedicated to the goddess Diana.
(3/6) The dedicatory inscription, originally in bronze lettering, read:


"In honour of Rome and Augustus Caesar, son of the deified [Julius], father of his country."
Read 7 tweets
#Classics Box=κουτί (αγγλ.)<λατ. boxum<αρχ. ελλ. πῦξος >buxis =κουτι . Με λίγα λόγια, η αγγλική λέξη box προέρχεται ετυμολογικά από την αρχαία ελληνική λέξη πῦξος από την οποία παράγεται η λέξη πυξίς.📸The wedding of Thetis and Peleus. Attic pyxis,5th century BCE. Mouseion Hill
Πυξίς: Επρόκειτο για ένα μικρό βάζο χωρίς λαβές αλλά με πώμα, το οποίο χρησίμευε στη φύλαξη δηλητηρίων, κοσμημάτων και κυρίως, καλλυντικών.
📸 Attic pyxis from Athens, showing a wedding procession, 5th century BCE. British Museum.
Πήρε το όνομά της από τη λέξη πῦξος, διότι οι πρώτες πυξίδες που κατασκευάστηκαν ήταν από το σκληρό και συμπαγές ξύλο του θάμνου ή του μικρού δέντρου «πῦξος» (Buxus sempervirens). Αργότερα, βέβαια, χρησιμοποιούσαν και άλλα υλικά όπως είναι ο χρυσός, το ασήμι, το ελεφαντόδοντο🔽
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#RomanSiteSaturday - The Theatre of Marcellus 🏛️🎭

(1/6) Known to the Romans as the Theatrum Marcelli, this stunning ancient open-air theatre sits in the heart of Rome and once had a capacity of up to 20,000 spectators!

#Classics #Rome #Archaeology #Roman #History
(2/6) Construction began in the closing years of the Roman Republic. Julius Caesar ordered space to be cleared for it, but was murdered before its completion. By 17 BCE, construction was advanced enough that it could host the secular games, and by 13 BCE it was finished.
(3/6) The theatre was dedicated to Marcus Claudius Marcellus, the nephew and presumptive heir of the emperor Augustus. Marcellus died in 23 BCE aged 19, leaving the emperor devastated and almost shattering the illusion of a restored republic.
Read 8 tweets
#ClassicsTwitter #Classics #mythology Στα νομίσματα της πόλης της Φαιστού κυριαρχούσαν οι μορφές του Ηρακλή και του ταύρου (της Κρήτης) και τούτο οφείλεται σε δύο λόγους: πρώτον, η πόλη της Φαιστού λέγεται πως πήρε το όνομά της από τον Φαίστο, βασιλιά της Σικυώνας και υιό του🔽
Ηρακλή, ο οποίος μετέβη στην Κρήτη, έπειτα από χρησμό (Παυσανίας 2.6.7.). Δεύτερον, σύμφωνα με την παράδοση, ο ταύρος της Κρήτης ήταν ο έβδομος άθλος του Ηρακλή. Συγκεκριμένα, ο ταύρος είχε σταλεί από τον Ποσειδώνα στον Μίνωα, έπειτα από τις προσευχές του τελευταίου, καθώς🔽
ο Μίνωας, λόγω της επιθυμίας του ν΄ανέβει στον θρόνο της Κρήτης, προσπάθησε να αποδείξει στους συμπολίτες του ότι έχει την εύνοια των θεών, ζητώντας από τον Ποσειδώνα έναν ταύρο, τον οποίο, μάλιστα, δεσμεύτηκε να θυσιάσει προς τιμήν του θεού. Όταν, όμως, βγήκε από τη θάλασσα ο🔽
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#RomanSiteSaturday - The Pantheon🏛️

(1/8) Located in #Rome, Italy, the Pantheon is arguably the best surviving example of Imperial #Roman architecture. Richly decorated with Corinthian columns and a variety of coloured marble, it is truly a remarkable site.

#History #Classics
(2/8) Originally constructed during the reign of the emperor Augustus under the patronage of Marcus Agrippa, the current temple is actually a reconstruction undertaken by Trajan and Hadrian following an earthquake. Finished in 126CE, the original inscription was retained:

"M[arcus] Agrippa L[ucii] f[ilius] co[n]s[ul] tertium fecit"

"Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, made [this building] when consul for the third time."
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«Amantes, ut apes, vitam melitam exigunt. Velle» #τουι_του_δρομου
«Οι εραστές, όπως και οι μέλισσες έχουν γλυκιά ζωή. Θα ήθελα!/Μακάρι!»
«Lovers, like bees, lead a honeyed life. I wish!»
(Το velle φαίνεται ότι γράφτηκε από ένα δεύτερο πρόσωπο, το οποίο εύχεται να του συμβεί). ImageImage
📸Γκράφιτι στο ''Σπίτι των εραστών''. Πομπηία.
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#RomanSiteSaturday - Maison Carrée 🏛️

(1/7) Situated in the French city of #Nîmes, the Maison Carrée ("Square House") is an amazing example of #Roman imperial architecture and among the best preserved temples from antiquity.

#Classics #Archaeology #France #History
(2/7) Constructed during the late 1st century BCE, the temple was completed c. 2 CE. Its original function is unknown, however between 4 - 7 CE it was dedicated to Gaius Caesar and Lucius Caesar, the grandsons of the Roman Emperor Augustus who had both died young.
(3/7) Architecturally, it serves as a textbook example of Roman temple building described by the architect Vitruvius. Built in the Tuscan style, it features a single cult room (cella) and a deep porch. Raised c. 3m above ground on a podium, it dominated the ancient city's forum.
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Περί του δακτυλίου στην αρχαία Ελλάδα-ΜΕΡΟΣ Β΄:
Οι αρχαίες πηγές παραδίδουν την πληροφορία ότι το πρώτο «δαχτυλίδι» που κατασκευάστηκε ήταν ένας σιδερένιος κρίκος προερχόμενος από τα δεσμά του Προμηθέα, ενώ η πολύτιμη «πέτρα» του δεν ήταν τίποτε άλλο, παρά κομμάτι από τα βράχια🔽
του Καυκάσου. Ειδικότερα, όπως μαρτυρεί ο Ησίοδος στη Θεογονία του, όταν θεοί και άνθρωποι συγκεντρώθηκαν στη Μηκώνη, ο Προμηθεύς «εξαπάτησε» τον Δία, καθώς προσέφερε στους θεούς το χειρότερο κομμάτι του ζώου κατά τη θυσία και άφησε το καλύτερο για τους ανθρώπους.🔽
Είναι σαφές ότι ο Δίας αντιλήφθηκε αμέσως την απάτη, προσποιήθηκε, όμως, το αντίθετο, προκειμένου να εκπληρωθεί η μοίρα, η οποία θα έφερνε βάσανα στους θνητούς. Η τιμωρία, λοιπόν, του Δία ήταν να κρύψει τη φωτιά από τους ανθρώπους, με τον Προμηθέα να την κλέβει και να την 🔽
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Περί του δακτυλίου στην αρχαία Ελλάδα-ΜΕΡΟΣ Α΄:
📸Gold Mycenaean sealing ring with engraving of a Holy Wedding-Museum Benaki/Χρυσό μυκηναϊκό σφραγιστικό δαχτυλίδι με έγγλυφη παράσταση Ιερού Γάμου. Απεικονίζει μία γυναικεία μορφή καθιστή σε βωμό και μία ανδρική μορφή που την 🔽
πλησιάζει υψώνοντας το δεξί χέρι είτε για να χαιρετίσει είτε για να δηλώσει τα σέβη του. Ενδεχομένως, πρόκειται για θεϊκό ζεύγος -η Μεγάλη Μητέρα θεά της φύσης και ένας νεαρός θεός- ή μέλη του ανώτερου ιερατείου που το υποδύονται. Από τη Θήβα. Β΄ μισό 15ου-14ος αι. π.Χ. Μουσείο🔽
Το δαχτυλίδι στην αρχαία Ελλάδα ονομαζόταν δακτύλιον και κατά τη Μινωική και Μυκηναϊκή περίοδο δεν χρησιμοποιούνταν τόσο ως κόσμημα όσο ως σφραγίδα-επιρροή από τη Μεσοποταμία. Η σφραγίδα είχε αφενός αποτροπαϊκό χαρακτήρα, καθώς ό,τι απεικονιζόταν πάνω στο δαχτυλίδι 🔽
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#MythologyMonday - Hermes🧚‍♂️📨💪

(1/8) One of the twelve Olympians and the herald of the gods, Hermes also played the role of protector of human heralds, travellers, thieves and merchants.

#Classics #ClassicsTwitter #Hermes #Greek #Myth #Gods
(2/8) In Greek mythology, Hermes was the son of Zeus and Maia. In reality, he appears to have emerged in Mycenaean Greece in the Late Bronze Age. His name first appears in Linear B syllabic script as "hermāhās", and he may have been adopted from Mesopotamia.
(3/8) Beyond his role as messenger, Hermes was also able to freely move between the realms of mortals and the divine. As such, he also played the role of psychopomp, or "soul guide", directing the souls of the dead into Hades.
Read 9 tweets
#RomanSiteSaturday - The Temple of Bacchus🏛️🍷

(1/6) Located in Baalbek, #Lebanon, the Temple of #Bacchus is an amazing example of Imperial Roman architecture, adorned with Corinthian columns and lavishly decorated ceilings and parapets.

#Classics #Roman #Archaeology #History
(2/6) Likely constructed under emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161CE), the temple is a massive 66m long, 35m wide and 31m tall, which is larger than the Parthenon in Athens! 8 columns wide and 15 columns deep, it features a walled cult room split between two floors and a crypt.
(3/6) Despite its namesake, it is unknown as to which deity it was dedicated. Archaeological evidence from the site however suggests #Bacchus, as the interior design depicts a god of wine and ecstasy and other Bacchic symbolism like Maenads and revellers.
Read 8 tweets
#RomanSiteSaturday - The Temple of Garni 🏛️

(1/7) The Temple Garni is situated in the village of Garni in #Armenia, and stands as the only Greco-Roman temple in the nation. It sits on a cliff edge by the Azat River and the Gegham mountains.

#Classics #Archaeology #History
(2/7) Constructed in the 1st century CE, it was most likely built under the Armenian king Tiridates I as a temple of Mihr, the Armenian sun god. Supported and crowned as king by the Roman Emperor Nero, it is thought Tiridates adopted Mihr as his patron deity and protector.
(3/7) Stylistically, the temple is a blend of Ancient Greek architecture and local Armenian influences. Decorated with Ionic columns, it is constructed with local grey basalt and without mortar, instead being held together with iron clamps. It also features floral friezes.
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Σύμφωνα με τον Θεόφραστο (Περὶ φυτῶν ἱστορία) οι κάτοικοι της Κυρήνης ισχυρίζονταν ότι το σίλφιον εμφανίστηκε επτά χρόνια πριν από την ίδρυση της πόλης τους. Παρόλο, όμως, που την εποχή του Πλίνιου του Πρεσβύτερου το σίλφιον είχε εξαφανιστεί από την περιοχή της Κυρήνης, ⬇️ Image
εξακολουθούσε να υπάρχει στις Πάρθους και τους Μήδους. Σε κάθε περίπτωση, πάντως, η παρουσία του σίλφιου υπήρξε απαραίτητη τόσο στη μαγειρική όσο και στην ιατρική. Όπως παραδίδει ο Θεόφραστος, οι Κυρηναίοι έβαζαν σε ξίδι τις ρίζες και τις έτρωγαν φρέσκες. Οι Έλληνες της Λιβύης⬇️
εξήγαν τη ρητίνη του φυτού για να χρησιμοποιηθεί στη μαγειρική. Επιπροσθέτως, αποτελούσε ένα σημαντικό μπαχαρικό στην ελληνορωμαϊκή κουζίνα, διότι είχε έντονη μυρωδιά και ταίριαζε με όλες τις τροφές, συνοδεύοντας είτε τα τυριά (Αριστοφάνης) είτε τα λαχανικά (Πλαύτος) είτε τα ⬇️
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#RomanSiteSaturday - The Mausoleum of Hadrian 🏛️💀🏰

(1/7) Hadrian's Mausoleum, more commonly known today as Castel Sant'Angelo, is a stunning cylindrical building on the northern bank of the River Tiber in Rome, Italy.

#Classics #Archaeology #Hadrian #Rome #History
(2/7) The construction of this towering mausoleum began in the 120's CE, and it was not quite complete when Hadrian died aged 63 in 138. It was finished the following year by Antoninus Pius, and saw most of the Antonine and Severan imperial families deposited there.
(3/7) Stylistically, Hadrian's Mausoleum was a potent symbol of imperial power. Separated from much of the city across the Tiber, it was encased in white Italian luna marble, with an elaborate cornice and decorated friezes. It was topped with a garden and a golden quadriga.
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Ο τρίποδας ήταν ένα μπρούτζινο σκεύος (λέβης) με τρία πόδια, ο οποίος είχε διάφορες χρήσεις. Υπήρχαν τρίποδες, οι οποίοι τοποθετούνταν πάνω στη φωτιά (ἐμπυριβήτης), ⬇️
📸Νόμισμα Αμισού. Στον εμπροσθότυπο η κεφαλή της Αρτέμιδος. Στον οπισθότυπο τρίποδας με λέβητα.
προκειμένου οι άνθρωποι να βράσουν νερό ή φαγητό ή και για θέρμανση. Υπήρχαν, όμως και περίτεχνοι τρίποδες με τους οποίους διακοσμούσαν τις οικίες τους ή χρησίμευαν και ως κρατήρες. ⬇️
Συχνά δίνονταν ως έπαθλα σε αθλητικούς ή χορευτικούς αγώνες ή ως τιμητικά δώρα για το θάρρος που επέδειξαν ή ως ένδειξη σεβασμού, ⬇️
📸Αργυρό τετράδραχμο από την Κω (480-450 π.Χ.) με παράσταση δισκοβόλου και του επάθλου του, ενός τρίποδα.
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1/ As the only Baptists in an Interfaith Bible Study, we were asked to clarify some issues.

We assumed we could provide answers.

But, we could not.

So, we asked clergy for aid and we were soundly rebuked; our membership in a #SBC church was jeopardized.

#SBCtoo #churchtoo
2/ As a Study member exclaimed:

"Seriously? They'll disfellowship you for asking questions?

That's bizarre! How else can you learn?

You need better pastoral care!"

Probably. 😞

So, seven difficult #SBC theology questions. 👇

Trigger Warnings!
#Sexualabuse 🚨 #Abortion 🚨
3/ Question 1: Does this passage in Numbers 8:11-31 depict a forced ceremonial #abortion, which kills the fetus in order to quell a husband's suspicion of his wife's adultery?…
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Όπως μαρτυρεί ο Πλούταρχος, το αλάτι αποκαλούνταν θεϊκόν, καθώς ⬇️

📸The Apprentice: A woman in the act of cooking is watched by a young girl as she adds ingredients to a pot over the fire; 500-475 BC (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)
εξυπηρετούσε βασικές ανάγκες και επιπλέον, δεν υστερούσε έναντι άλλων πολύτιμων αγαθών της φύσης, όπως το νερό και το φως (Moralia 685).⬇️
Πράγματι, το αλάτι ήταν ένα συστατικό με κυρίαρχο ρόλο σε δραστηριότητες ζωτικής σημασίας για τη βελτίωση της ζωής των αρχαίων.
Ειδικότερα, το αλάτι στην αρχαία Ελλάδα συνδέθηκε, εξαρχής, με τα επιτεύγματα των Ελλήνων στη θάλασσα, γι΄αυτό και η χρήση του, παντοιοτρόπως, ⬇️
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(1/3) This incredibly detailed gold #Byzantine wedding ring is our #ArtefactOfTheDay.

Produced c. 7th century CE, the bezel depicts the bride and groom being crowned by the haloed figures of Jesus and Mary. Beneath them is the word: "Harmony".

#Classics #Christian #History #Art
(2/3) Remarkably, the exterior of the ring is also heavily inscribed with seven scenes from Jesus's life in chronological order, from the Annunciation to the Resurrection.

A personalised wish by the married couple is also featured: “Lord, help thy servants, Peter and Theodote".
(3/3) The edges of the bezel also feature a verse from the #Gospel of John (14:27) that asks God to grant the newlyweds peace.

The ring testifies not only to the intimacy of the couple, but of their steadfast devotion to #God on a small, personal level.

#Religion #Gold #Church
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