Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #rollup

Most recents (24)

#Sopranos fans know the #BustOut as a mob tactic in which a business is taken over, loaded up with debt, and driven into the ground, wrecking the business's workers, customers and suppliers. When the mob does it, it's a bust out; when Wall Street does it, it's #PrivateEquity.

1/ An overgrown graveyard, ren...
If you'd like an essay-formatted version of this thread to read or share, here's a link to it on, my surveillance-free, ad-free, tracker-free blog:…

It used to be that we rarely heard about private equity, but then, as national chains and iconic companies started to vanish, this mysterious financial arrangement popped up with increasing frequency.

Read 79 tweets
Almost 90% of #Ethereum's L2 TVL is on rollups such as #Optimism & #Arbitrum

Which lack critical safety measures & are governed by multisigs

putting billions of user funds at risk

Here are the reasons why these rollups are ticking timebombs,

waiting to go up in flames🧵👇 Image
Primary factor hindering #blockchain's widespread adoption & competition with Web2 solutions is its lack of scalability

Currently, #blockchains are in a phase where they are exploring ways to scale

while maintaining decentralization & security

That's where rollups come in Image
Rollups are L2 solutions designed to improve blockchain performance & capacity

by processing transactions off-chain,

"THEORETICALLY" utilizing the security & #decentralization of L1 protocols

This is why #Ethereum developers have completely shifted their focus to rollups Image
Read 27 tweets


#Ethereum #Danksharding #EIP4844
在2020年下半年,以太坊扩容思路从根本上发生了变化,开始围绕 #rollup 来扩容,这个思路奠定了以太坊未来的发展方向。

在rollup扩容思路下,以太坊本身需要加大对rollup的优化适配力度。在这些需求下,#Danksharding 和EIP-4844应运而出👇
EIP-4844提案可以认为是以太坊优先级最高的扩容方案,其主要作用是引进一个Blob交易类型来更好的支持 #rollup ,为之后的 #danksharding 打下基础。

Read 6 tweets
A Comparison of #zkEVM Mainnet: @0xPolygon zkEVM and @zksync Era∎

A Thread 🧵

#Rollup #zkEVM
@0xPolygon @zksync Polygon zkEVM and zkSync Era are zero-knowledge Rollup solutions offering instant transaction finality without clogging up #Ethereum.

They differ in their use of rollups, with zkEVM using EVM-equivalent and zkSync Era using EVM-compatible rollups.
@0xPolygon @zksync Polygon zkEVM rewards $MATIC stakers with shared fees, but zkSync Era won't have a token. #zkEVM uses a new Proof of Efficiency consensus mechanism to enhance security and decentralization.
Read 4 tweets
0/ similar to the sequencer, a centralized prover in #zk-rollup systems can introduce centralization & single-point-of-failure risks ⚠️

a 🧵 on a prover outsourcing mechanism proposed by @Scroll_ZKP (0/18) ✨👇 Image
1/ #zk-rollups demand an off-chain #prover to generate a succinct proof for a batch of transactions. However, proof generation for complex smart contract transactions can be expensive, leading to several limitations in functionality
2/ firstly, let's dive into the typical rollup tx flow ⬇️

⚙️ Users send transactions to a centralized #sequencer on #L2

⚙️ The sequencer executes transactions, packs (& orders) them into a #rollup block

⚙️ Centralized #prover generates a succinct proof of the sequencer's batch
Read 21 tweets
1/ zkEVM unlocks a new ecosystem
Notable names in this space include @zksync @Starknet & newcomers @0xPolygon & @ConsenSys‘ Linea

What's unique about #zkEVM?
Which #dapps have embraced this technology?

Read the 🧵by @JK_Loves_Art to learn more 👇

2/ 💡Highlight of #zkEVM:

💎 New #rollup tech using zero-knowledge proofs
⛏️EVM compatible
💻Port code from mainnet to L2 easily
👍Secure, faster & cheaper transactions
3/ 🎉 Just launched this week, @0xPolygon zkEVM is gaining major attention

As it goes fully open-source, the buzz keeps growing 🐝

Also, #Polygon offers a massive $1M bounty for white hat hackers who find serious vulnerabilities 🔍💪
Read 6 tweets
0/ the era of monolithic blockchains is ending and the future is modular 🧱

the @EclipseFND x @nautilus_chain zkEVM partnership is a great example of why YOU should be excited about the modular thesis 🚀

a 🧵 featuring @CelestiaOrg, @RiscZero and @NeonLabsOrg

(0/18) 👇 Image
1/ introducting @EclipseFND 🧪

@EclipseFND is a framework that lets you build customizable, modular rollups using the #Solana VM (Sealevel VM) on any chain. While that allows for running programs written for Solana on the VM, #Eclipse isn’t using @solana for security Image
2/ instead, settlement happens on the #Eclipse settlement rollup, while the DA solution can be customized and can e.g. be @CelestiaOrg, @AvailProject or @eigenlayer Image
Read 22 tweets
It is so easy to get lost in the fast pace of #Web3 -

That is why you should read #Web3WeeklyPulse

The research features 🔥 news from #IndustrialSignals and #Web3Infra to the #EcosystemDigest.

Sit back and Read 🧵 Image

@coinbase is starting a “wallet as a service” (WAAS) business that will allow companies to customize blockchain wallets for their own customers.

#DidYouKnow that @floor, @moonraygame @thirdweb, and @tokenproof already started


@ImpossibleCloud, a decentralized cloud platform, raised $7 million in seed funding, led by HV Capital and 1kx.…

Read 11 tweets
#Dow plastered #Singapore with ads for a sneaker #recycling program, promising to turn shoes into playground tracks. But the shoes it collected in "recycling" bins got dumped illegally in #Indonesia. This isn't strange: it's how nearly *all* plastic recycling *always* worked. 1/ A woman kneeling to tie her running shoe. She stands on a ba
If you'd like an essay-formatted version of this thread to read or share, here's a link to it on, my surveillance-free, ad-free, tracker-free blog:… 2/
Plastic recycling's origin story starts in 1973, when #Exxon's scientists concluded that plastic recycling would never, ever be cost-effective (#ExxonKnew about this, too). 3/
Read 59 tweets
You may have heard about "Modular" blockchains...
What are they?

"The future is modular." - @fuellabs_

🧵 Thread Image
In this thread, I will go through:
1️⃣ Modular VS Monolithic.
2️⃣ What Fuellabs is.
3️⃣ The FuelVM.
4️⃣ Parallel transaction Execution.
5️⃣ Sway Language.
6️⃣ The Modularity.
7️⃣ Fuel as a L1.
8️⃣ Fuel as L2.
1️⃣ First: What do "modular" and "monolithic" mean?

🧩 Modular: A flexible arrangement composed of software or hardware modules that can be altered or replaced without affecting the remainder of the system.

🗼Monolithic: Characterized by massiveness, rigidity, or inflexibility.
Read 19 tweets
0/ I have covered many privacy-focused projects in one way or the other since I've started my Twitter journey 🥷✨

a thread of threads featuring $ALEO, $MANTA, $MINA, $AZTEC, $DUSK, $ZEC, $RAIL, $SCRT & $ROSE

(0/13) 🧵👇
1/ let's quickly remind ourselves why #privacy matters 👇

2/ so, let's have a look at the projects that enable privacy on public blockchains. Many of them rely on #zk technology, so it might be worth revisiting the below thread 👇

Read 14 tweets
Threαd of threαds α.k.α. ₿ook of αlphα 🧙‍♂️✨

- Scaling Ξthereum on rollups
- Modulαr αrchitecture (Celestiα, Eigenlαyer, +)
- Privacy tech (Aleo, Aztec, +)
- zk tech (zkSync, Stαrknet, Scroll, +)
- DotSαmα / Cosmos
- DeFi αnαlysis
- AI & Big Dαtα

Bookmark this (NFA) 📈 🚀
Cryptography - #Privacy-preserving technologies 🥷

Read 56 tweets
0/ @CelestiaOrg's modular #DA layer enables new network designs and makes spinning up rollups easier than ever before

a 🧵 featuring #RollMint, @dymensionXYZ, @Sagaxyz__, @EvmosOrg and @fuellabs_ exploring the modular future 🔮✨

(0/34) 👇
1/ I have talked a lot about modularity and how @CelestiaOrg's modular #DA layer marks the beginning of a new era in blockchain architecture

if you want a summary on that, check my thread below 👇

2/ what I want to show you today, is how these novel architectures that @CelestiaOrg enables could look like, how @CelestiaOrg makes blockchain development easier & more accessible than ever before and how the modular building blocks of the future fit together
Read 35 tweets
An Ethereum-equivalent ZK-Rollup, also called ZK-EVM, is the holy grail of #L2 scaling solutions because they do not compromise on security or compatibility. Among the many ZK-EVM projects, @Scroll_ZKP is the one that cannot be ignored.
1)  Introduction to @Scroll_ZKP
In the current ZK-Rollups technology practices, this solution has an Achilles' heel, which is the lack of #EVM compatibility, causing that all ZK-Rollups have to build unique developer tools and infrastructure from scratch.
In this context, ZK-EVM is considered by many to be the "ultimate game" of #L2 scaling, because it allows ZK-Rollups to integrate the network effects of #EVM while exerting its own performance advantages.
Read 10 tweets
0/ execution layers are a core building block of the modular design stack

a super exciting modular execution layers is definitely Fuel by @fuellabs_, a super scalable & flexible solution with its own VM supporting parallelized tx execution ⚡️

a primer 🧵 on #Fuel (0/27) 👇 Image
1/ since I have covered the modular design space in a lot of depth already, I won't go into the details here again

if you need a recap, check out this thread

2/ but basically, DA, consensus and execution are unified in one single layer in monolithic blockchain networks (e.g. $ETH) Image
Read 33 tweets
📃#以太坊 日志📃
#E群誌 2022.10.10 刊 | #EthJournal 2022.10.10

链上数据显示,一名从跨链 DeFi 平台 @TransitFinance 盗取了2890 万美元的黑客,已将价值 68.6 万美元的 2500 个 BNB 转到受制裁的隐私协议 #TornadoCash 上。 (Collected by rachel)
@paradigm 研究员分析隐私 L2 Aztec 的 Noir 语言架构:1/其他语言可编译为 Aztec IR,与 Aztec 生态互操作。2/Noir 写的程序能部署到 Aztec 上,也可以部署到其他网络上(也支持多种后端)。3/开发者写 ZK DApp 更方便等。 (Collected by @ZhunianPan )
@Scroll_ZKP 的 Rollup Day 活动于10 日开始,主要邀请了 Vitalik、Justin Drake 等人。其中,Vitalik 会谈及采用多个证明者的优势来改进 #Rollup 总体安全性。此次活动的所有主题演讲都会有回放。 (Collected by rachel)
Read 7 tweets
1/x Prior to #DevconVI, at #RollupDay, @VitalikButerin talked about “Hardening rollups with multi-proofs”. Here is a thread of brief summary.
2/x Nowadays, almost all #rollup protocols are still on “training wheels”, as proofs are either in development or can be easily overridden by simple governance.
3/x Even if we have proof systems ready say validity proof for zk-rollups, due to the complexity of the generated proofs, it’s quite tough to ensure there’s no bug in the proof. One example below, for a simple code snippet in #PSE zk-EVM impl, it has 34,469 lines of circuit code.
Read 18 tweets
0/ a fundamental look at the state of @arbitrum, the leading optimistic #rollup L2 in the #Ethereum ecosystem!✨

🧵with @aurumcrypto research insights (0/26)👇
1/ @arbitrum has seen a 36% increase in active daily users on #arbitrum one mainnet on a month on month basis, while #ArbitrumOdyssey is still paused📈

source: @tokenterminal 📊

2/ number of active users has been steadily growing since January 2021 and growth has accelerated in recent weeks with #arbitrum one mainnet reaching >32k active daily users on September 5th

source: @tokenterminal 📊
Read 31 tweets

5min pour comprendre comment cette théorie permet à la blockchain #Bitcoin d’être l’un des réseaux les plus résistants au monde 👇
Peu connue du grand public, la théorie des jeux est pourtant l’un des éléments clés de la réussite de #Bitcoin

Issue des mathématiques, l’application de cette théorie permet notamment à la #blockchain Bitcoin d’être l'un des réseaux les plus sécurisés au monde aujourd’hui
👉L’histoire derrière la théorie des jeux

Les 1ères traces de recherches mathématiques remontent aux années 1920.

Elles seront ensuite reprises et développées en 1944 dans le papier “Theory of Games and Economic Behavior” écrit par Oskar Morgenstern et John Von Neumann
Read 23 tweets
🧵ZK landscape (Part2) + Diff flavors of Rollups, (ELI5 summary of Rollups)

Quite some updates especially during ETHCC. Will post some notable ones that I come across today before sharing some Rollups' notes I compiled for @ForwardAnalytic
1) @0xPolygon - zkEVM is here!
TLDR: Build an App on zkRollup without learning a brand new coding language! And take advantage of the fastest ZK tech with #plonky2 by @0xPolygonZero
(Testnet will soon be Live)…
Also since the last tweet of Zk landscape(Part1) 10days ago, #Polygon has nearly doubled 2x their FDV, and caught up with #Starkware.
Polygon's current Valuation is now at $9.1 Billion FDV
Read 16 tweets
A 🧵thread on the overview of #ZeroKnowledge's Landscape, Points of differentiation between projects & Valuation difference.

This is my attempt to compile the current landscape of ZK, If there is additional info/updates, do reach out via DMs.🙏 (1/13)
Format: Companies L1/L2 (Projects)

1) @StarkWareLtd L2; (StarkNet,StarkEx)
2)@the_matter_labs L2; (zkSync(ZkRollup,ZkPorter))
3)@0xPolygon L2; (Polygon Zero, Hermez 2.0, Miden, Nightfall)
4)@Scroll_ZKP L2
5)@MinaProtocol L1
6)@AleoHQ L1
7)@aztecnetwork L2
A more detailed differentiation with breakdown can be seen here:…
Read 17 tweets
1/ When #l222 > L1

@arbitrum fees caused a frenzy last week. But is there any need for concern?

This thread will explain
- what happened
- will it happen again
- what can be done to mitigate it in the future
2/ A common misconception with the emergence of layer-2 and #rollup protocols within #Ethereum is that they will automatically come with cheaper gas fees and easier transactions for users.
3/ While this will largely be the case and is the intended goal, it is by no means impossible for a rollup to suffer from high fees, especially in its current nascent form.

This is precisely what occurred in early July.
Read 25 tweets
1/22. Deep dive to @zksync
2. #zkSync Overview
3. Features
4-6. #zkSNARKs
7. #zkPorter
8. zkSync 1.0
9. #zkEVM
10. Zinc
11-13. zkSync2⃣.0⃣
14-15. #Ecosystem
16. Skininthegame
17. TVL
18. Roadmap
19. Wen token
20. Backers
21. Audit
22. Comparison Image
2/22. zkSync Overview
@zksync is a zkRollup Layer 2 scaling solution on Ethereum developed by @the_matter_labs. It offers low gas and fast transactions, without compromising on security. Image
3/22. Features
- Ultra-low tx fees
- 2k TPS (20k TPS w/ zkPorter)
- Based on Eth security
- Users control of their funds
- No requirement for operational activity to keep the funds safe
- Withdrawals to mainnet in ~10 minutes
- Multisig support
- Permissionless smart contracts Image
Read 22 tweets
0/ @MetisDAO is a hyper-scalable rollup-based layer 2 solution built on Ethereum. But $METIS is not just your average optimistic rollup 🌿

A 🧵 on $METIS and why you should pay attention (0/29)👇

#L222 Image
@MetisDAO 1/ But before we dive into @MetisDAO, let’s quickly take @optimismPBC as an example to see how $METIS tackles problems that other optimistic rollups face today
@MetisDAO @optimismPBC 2/ #Optimism uses a single node called Sequencer to generate blocks on #L2. This bears speed advantages as blocks are generated in seconds because new blocks do not need to be handed over to other nodes for verification Image
Read 30 tweets

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