Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Arabic

Most recents (12)

<Thread, Part 1> It is widely held that the grave inscription of Rabab-īl son of Hōfīʿamm from #Qaryat_Al_Fāw is the oldest #Arabic inscription in the Arabian Peninsula. I’ve called this classification simplistic. Let’s discuss why.
Qaryat al-Fāw, also known as Qaryāt ḏāt Kahlim ‘the town of Kahl’, was the capital of Kindah, located in SW Saudi Arabia. The oasis was on a major trading route and was multilingual and multiethnic. Sabaic and Minaic inscriptions make up the bulk.
And Hellenistic influences are obvious.
Read 25 tweets
The menōrah is a characteristic symbol of #Judaism. The six-branched lamp stand with a seventh central lamp was reportedly already present when the Israelites crossed into Samaria (#Canaan) and pitched their tabernacle tent in the town of Shiloh during the late 2nd millennium BC.
The #Hebrew name menōrah is related to the word נור (nōr), meaning light, made feminine (by means of the post-fixed ה) and prefixed with the particle מ, which denotes a noun of place. It literally means lamps-stand and is closely connected to the #Arabic word منار (manār).
In Exodus 25:31-32, God reveals the design of the menōrah to Moses: "Make a lamp stand of pure gold. (...) Six branches are to extend from the sides of the lamp stand; three on one side and three on the other." It was to light the tabernacle tent and the Temple of Jerusalem.
Read 39 tweets
This is from one of my favourite songs: Siret el-Hob by Om Kalthoum. So many memories. Incandescent. Gorgeous. #Egypt
The only reason I wish I was born earlier than I was, is to have experienced more of Om Kalthoum’s music as an adult who understood its depth, to be transformed like the woman in the audience at the end of this video of her transcendent live performances
I also love Lessa Faker- here are the opening 9mins of this magnificent song that is usually 45mins or so. I say usually, bec the audience often applauds to get Om Kalthoum to repeat a verse
Read 10 tweets
I have written a rather technical manual on the History of #Arabic that I use in my course each year. In light of the tremendous interest in the subject that I have found on Twitter, I've decided to make the latest version publicly available. academia.edu/s/9f006cc8ea/a…
The goal of this manual is to try to explain the development of the Arabic languages from #ProtoSemitic and their diversification. At the moment it deals primarily with phonology and morphology but future iterations will also treat syntax.
You can join the @academia session to discuss its contents and ask questions. Check back frequently because it is very much a work in progress and I add to it when I have time each year. I intend to keep it an open-access document so it can be used freely.
Read 3 tweets
Shamash was the Akkadian name for the #Mesopotamian god of the sun, known to the Sumerians as Utu. His main symbol was the solar disc, a circle with four points in each of the cardinal directions and four wavy, diagonal lines emanating from the circle between each point.
According to "Gods, Demons, and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia" by Jeremy Black and Anthony Green, the Akkadian name for this #symbol was shamshatu. It was often represented on a pole as a standard. The symbol is currently a popular icon among people native to #Mesopotamia.
Chaldean Christians posing with their ethnic flag, a colored shamshatu flanked by 2 parallel blue bands. Though #Chaldean Catholics are mostly regarded ethnically and historically as a part of the #Assyrian continuity, some claim a Chaldean ethnic identity as a nation of its own.
Read 31 tweets
Alright, so the esteemed @ArmoryBazaar posted some pictures of coins found in Idlib - Syria. I would like to make a thread out of this, for future coins. I will post my take on these coins, but I'm very much interested in other opinions.
The two small copper coins (picture 2 & 3) are in my opinion #Umayyad copper fals. The inscription features Islamic texts, most definitely the Islamic shahada. That indicates they're from the later Umayyad period. I would say 8th century.
It's really possible that the last coin is much older that the other coins. It still features a cross and human imagery, indicating Byzantine influences. This kind of coins were used in early Umayyad times, when the caliphs still imitated #Byzantine en #Persian coinage.
Read 70 tweets
Today is the 24th day since Start Proper in Chamonix. Here's an update thread on every participant, this time starting from the head of the pack as leader Raf Van Hulle will reach #Almaty #Kazakhstan.
Raf Van Hulle - Team Hyunday Elevator with Unikuu suffered from strong winds and fatigue in the last days as he couldn't rest so well. He'll be crossing into China within the next 2-3 days. His Instagram: instagram.com/rafvanhulle/
Stéphane Bertrand with Déclic-Eco % @Photowatt follows roughly 400km behind and had scorching hot temperatures (over 40°C) Which slowed him down to 200km yesterday, breaking his streak of 3 days clocking in at 398km!
FB Page: facebook.com/stephanebertra…
Read 34 tweets
Many families (mine included) face tough decisions on what #languages to speak at home. There's a lot of #myths about early #bilingualism , like:
-Kids will get confused
-They'll have lang delays
-They won't learn the majority/dominant language

More info: hanen.org/Helpful-Info/A…
In my family, my dad spoke #arabic and my mom spoke #english. My dad was concerned about me learning English so after about 5 y/o, we hardly spoke Arabic. Since I didn't have any Arabic-speaking peers or teachers, my Arabic suffered attrition and now I understand, but not speak
My case isn't uncommon either-many early #bilinguals and #heritagespeakers often don't have the linguistic support systems (at home or in school) to maintain their languages, due to factors such as lang myths, discrimination, lang policy in schools, etc
Read 3 tweets
كيف تصبح ثريا (دون أن يحالفك الحظ):
translated @naval's original thread to #Arabic
ابحث عن الوفرة، وليس الـمال أو المكانة الاجتماعية. الوفرة هيا أن تكون لديك أصول تكسب لك المال أثناء نومك. المال ترجمة للوقت والوفرة. وضعك الاجتماعي هو مكانك في التسلسل الهرمي الاجتماعي
من الضروري أن تفهم أن تكوين الثروة بشكل أخلاقي ممكن جدا. إذا كنت تحتقر سرا الثراء، فإنه سوف يراوغك
Read 40 tweets
While *most* South Asian Muslims use #Persian terms for religious concepts, Muslims in #TamilNadu & #Kerala (who trace their roots to Arab trading communities) have distinct traditions also reflected in their terminology, which freely draws from #Tamil/#Malayalam & #Sanskrit.
Instead of rozā, the #Persian term for Islamic fasting (itself a translation of #Arabic ṣawm) used in #Urdu, #Bengali, #Gujarati etc, #Tamil & #Malayalam speaking Muslims use nōmpu, lit. ceremonial fasting. The word is from a proto #Dravidian root meaning to do penance. #Ramadan
Sanskrit is used too. #Malayalam speaking Muslims commonly refer to #Ramzan as puṇya māsam, #Sanskrit for month of good merit. Nimskāram, the Malayalam counterpart of the #Persian namāz (Islamic prayer), is from #Sanskrit namaskāra (lit. prostratration, here, to a god). #Ramadan
Read 8 tweets
"Sometimes, I look at myself in the mirror and wonder, 'How am I still alive?'"
Yazidi mother opens up about escape from Islamic State, building a life in Canada
(1/ ) #YazidiPlight #Iraq #Canada
At 18, when she was eight months pregnant, Faeza Mejo was captured in August 2014 by members of the Islamic State terror group when she, her husband and his family tried to flee from the invaders in northern Iraq.
(2/ )#YazidiGenocide #Sinjar #Iraq
Faeza was separated from her husband and taken to a place where about 50 other young #Yazidi women and girls were held. She soon learned they were in a warehouse and they were the goods to be sold, and she would literally be marked for life.
(3/ ) #YazidiPlight #Sinjar
Read 10 tweets
Dear Entire World: #Viking ‘Allah’ textile actually doesn't have Allah on it. Vikings had rich contacts w/Arab world. This textile? No. 1/60
Actually #Viking textile has no Arabic at all but story has gone viral @NYTimes @Guardian @BBCWorld @NatGeo @ScienceAlert have reported 2/60
There is something very troubling here about relationship between news media & experts, who should have been consulted for verification 3/60
Read 61 tweets

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