Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #arabic

Most recents (24)

1/Centuries before the #printingpress took off in Europe, printers in Egypt employed a type of woodblock printing known as “tarsh” (طرش). Only around 100 of these tarsh prints are known to exist. They are also very cool, so here’s a 🧵on #Arabic block prints in @theUL. #Cambridge
2/“Woodblock printing” is a term historians use to talk about making a big stamp and slapping paper onto it. Block printers would carve wood so the negative space looked like whatever image or text they wanted to print. Then they’d coat it in ink and stamp some paper. Easy.
3/Except it wasn’t easy. It takes a lot of skill to carve the negative image of Arabic calligraphy into a piece of wood. I mean just look at this thing. It’s an amulet quoting the #Quran that would have been carried for protection. Most tarsh prints are amulets like this.
Read 12 tweets
1. My #SamarkandSummit orientalist🧵on its toponym and etymology. Incorrect is #Wikipedia's #Samarkand etymon entry and false analogy to #Tashkent. Both #Samarkand, like neighbouring #Bukhara, remain extensively debated in eastern #MiddleIranian #philology.
2. #Samarkand, contra #Wikipedia, is not 'stone city'. The first element /sm’r/ remains unexplained. On #Sogdian sm’rknδh [Ancient Letters], cf. Chin. Samojian 颯秣建 Gr. Μαρακάνδοι, scholarly consensus exists only on second compound, #Sogdian 'town, city'.
3. #Sogdian knδh 'town, city' > #Christian #Sogdian qθ; /sm’r/ element unmentioned in Gharib 1995 [Sogdian #Dictionary], @iranicaonline, or EI2 [Enc. of #Islam) entries. See @Brill_ME_Africa EI2, VIII/1995: 1031-032, s.v. #Samarkand Schaeder (rev. Bosworth).
Read 9 tweets
I have a #telegram channel, where you can learn many things at once, teach others. #Movies, #songs, #wallpapers, #mobile #applications and #computer #software, can be #downloaded. You can post ads for #learning #tutorials, #jobs.
To get different services you can get #service with the help of this channel.

I need #sincere friends like you to strengthen all these services. #Sincere people exist in every part of the #world. In this channel of mine,
people from #different #countries of the world can become a part of this channel and provide their services to others.

With the help of this one #channel, many #services can be accessed at home.
Read 5 tweets
How did Jesus pronounce his own name? Hint: it wasn’t Jesus. Or even Yeshua. Or anything at all like Yahashawa or the many variants diligently documented by @arabic_bad. 1/14
The pronunciations like Yahawashi etc. come from the idea that in the #Hebrew alphabet (especially the Paleo-Hebrew one), every letter represents a syllable. You can then read the original form of the name, יהושע (Paleo 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤔𐤏) ‘Joshua’, as Ya-ha-wa-sha-i. Or something. 2/14
Other than pictures you see on the Internet, there is no basis for this way of reading Hebrew. It contradicts everything we know about how Hebrew was preserved, from how Hebrew names were spelled in Assyrian clay tablets to the reading traditions still used by Jews today. 3/14
Read 15 tweets
A (Non-Boring) Twitter History of the Word, Namāz ( نماز#, #नमाज़)

The word “namāz” in #Urdu/#Hindi is used for the five daily prayers that every #Muslim is supposed to offer.

The word for the five daily prayers in #Arabic , however, is salat, صَلاة

Of Persian import, namāz has a long and extremely complex history, which can be traced back to the pre-Islamic past.

The origin of namāz can be traced back to an ancient proto-Indo-European root, nam (to bow, to bend).

The verb nam (to bow) and the noun namah-/namas- (prostration, reverence) can be found in both #Sanskrit and Avestan, the Zoroastrian #Scripture .

Read 12 tweets
More of an article outline than a thread, but tweeting about an idea is more fun than looking up which 19th-century German already published it. So: a thread about the h in ʔĕlōhīm/allåhå/ʔilāh- etc. ‘god’, and why the #Hebrew word is morphologically plural. 1/20
Proto-#Semitic for ‘god’ can be reconstructed as *ʔil-, without *h. This is clear from #Akkadian il-, #Ugaritic i͗l, Hebrew ʔēl, maybe some others. Those last two are used both as common nouns and as names, uppercase-G ‘God’, ‘El’. 2/20
Meanwhile, there’s this other form, which reconstructs as *ʔilāh- (unchanged in Classical #Arabic). This is the basic word for ‘god, deity’ in Arabic and #Aramaic, e.g. Biblical Aramaic ʔĕlāh, #Syriac aloho/allåhå. 3/20
Read 20 tweets
Getting the message out about the #COVID19 vaccine programme remains of utmost importance.

With this in mind, #NHS workers throughout the region have recorded messages in a variety of languages. Please share with those that need to hear.

#Arabic with Dr Mai Elftise:
#Czech with Anna Jancova:
#Hindi with Dr Mohit Mandiratta:
Read 10 tweets
🔥 LAST TALK on #BreadandNet 2021!

What are the implications of the #Facebook Papers for Arabic-speaking users, especially in light of the company's failure to adequately moderate #Arabic language content?

a very timely discussion with @Bissan_Fakih @DiaKayyali and @marwasf!
@Bissan_Fakih @DiaKayyali @marwasf "The #Facebook leaks reveal that it's the worst case scenario for Arabic speakers, although Arabic is a widely spoken language on the platform." @DiaKayyali
"There's bad moderation for a lot of users. At the same time, they're doing a horrible job at training their machine learning systems. These machine learning algorithms want to please Facebook, and they will act as they're trained." Dia
Read 14 tweets
I recently learned from @fatemaaaahmad that @Middlebury is developing a CVE game. This is disappointing, but not surprising. A decade ago, I got a scholarship to study #Arabic at Middlebury's summer institute and my experience there was pretty disturbing
National security was an undertone of the program. My class included a student from the #ARMY, the #CIA, and a #Zionist. Instead of studying #Arabic in peace, I felt like I constantly had to do better because I knew that Arabic was going to used to hurt members of my community
At one point during the summer, the CIA came to do a presentation on careers with them since Arabic language skills would be a valuable asset. I didn't attend the presentation because I couldn't handle it, but my friend who passed by the room said it was overflowing with students
Read 5 tweets
Role of #Hindu Poets in the Evolution of #Urdu #Poetry by Ganpat Sahay Srivastav…
Published in 1929 #Allahabad #UP , #India

@mazdaki @barbarikon @microMAF
متعصب تنگ نظر مسلمان شعراء ، سرسید ، جسٹس امیر علی ، مودودی ، اشرف علی تھانوی نے #اردو زبان کو اسلامی قرار دیا تھا بغیر کسی دلیل کے جبکہ زبان کا کوئی مذہب نہیں ہوتا کتاب پڑھیے “ اردو شاعری کے ارتقاء میں #ہندو شعراء کا حصہ از گنپت سہائے سریواستو | @FShirin…
اردو شاعری کے ارتقاء میں #ہندو شعراء کا حصہ از گنپت سہائے سریواستو…
مطبوعہ : الہ آباد ، ہندوستان ۱۹۶۹

#شاعری #ادب #اردو #صلح_کل

@yusufpore @husainhaqqani @Saimi29 @zarqajaved @ShakirAnsari123
Read 5 tweets
Do you know the story of #coffee?

Sure you get it from Starbucks or grind it at home but its story was not as simple as farm to pot

The story involves dancing goats, Fatwa, babtization, kings, revolutions, patriotism, Beethoven

Coffee has a rich & troubling history

☕️ Thread
1/ 1st, the legend:

Legend has it that an #Ethiopian goat herder named Kaldi witnessed his goats gamboling after eating coffee shrub’s red fruit. Perplexed, Kaldi tried the fruit himself and realized the same effect on him. A monk witnessed it & took some of the fruit with him.
2/ Now, the history:

The coffee plant and fruit has been used for 1000s of years but it wasn’t until the 13 century when the beans were roasted, which sky rocketed its popularity. Coffee originated in Ethiopia but it was across the Red Sea, in #Yemen, it was first cultivated.
Read 17 tweets
Today's thread follows the historical linguistics to the present. As discussed, Nubia has a long & rich history of writing, starting w/ Meroitic script, before Old Nubian writing rose to dominance in the 6-15th C.
But what about today? How has Nubian writing been kept alive?
1/22 Teacher writing Nubian on w...
Well, the truth is, for the longest time, Nubian script had gone more or less extinct (as far as we know, anyway). Writing in Nubia, as is the case with many world cultures, was closely tied with religion, and religious change usually meant script change.
2/22 Nubian tomb with Old Nubian...Nubian children learning Ar...
The Meroitic writing system, based on Egyptian hieroglyphs and Demotic, corresponded to a period of history where Nubians and Egyptians shared a religion. Old Nubian, primarily based on Greek, corresponded to the Christian era of Nubia.
3/22 Meroitic funerary stele fro...Wall painting at Faras, Nub...
Read 22 tweets
Presenting BoundaryNet - a resizing-free approach for high-precision weakly supervised document layout parsing. BoundaryNet will be an ORAL presentation (Oral Session 3) today at @icdar2021 . Project page: . Details 👇 Image
Precise boundary annotations can be crucial for downstream applications which rely on region-class semantics. Some document collections contain irregular and overlapping region instances. Fully automatic approaches require resizing and often produce suboptimal parsing results. Image
Our semi-automatic approach takes region bounding box as input and predicts boundary polygon as output. Importantly, BoundaryNet can handle variable sized images without any need for resizing. Image
Read 23 tweets
In this thread 👇🏼👇🏼👇🏼students @MQLinguistics @Macquarie_Uni share what they've learned so far (1st quarter of semester)

Favorite facts about #languages and #cultures in #contact
In #Arabic we say: “Footprints indicate trajectory”, but I never thought that a wheel would reveal a culture. This is how #cultures can be traced through #languages. The reading made me feel like I am solving a puzzle more than exploring languages.
Think twice before starting to learn #English, cuz you’ll end up learning even more -- #German and #French, and more …
After all, it was the Anglo-Saxons and Normans who influenced the vocabulary!!
English is a mixed #language!
Read 26 tweets
#InternationalChessDay 2021: History, Theme, Motto, Key Facts & Significance:
#chess is #strategic #boardgame in which 2 players compete to capture other's king on 64-square checkerboard. One of oldest games in world "Chess".
#Thread #WorldChessDay #chessday @vishy64theking Image
To honor foundation of Federation Internationale des Eches/ International Chess Federation (FIDES @FIDE_chess) created in 1924. Popular activity among adults and children alike.
Created in India around fifth century. Given name “Chaturanga" at first. Without doubt, one of era’s..
Earliest games. Later, moved to #Persian, and when #Arabs invaded #Persians, became important part of #Muslim population’s existence, and spread to Southern #Europe from there. Took on modern shape in Europe during 15th century. By late 15th century, evolved into #Contemporary..
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1/3 Pic1: This pic👇 doesn’t belong to INDIA. Tag is in #Arabic. @ShivAroor hd used d pic & mentioned it’s a FILE pic. Bt it’s getting circulated as pic frm #JammuDroneAttack. Pic2: Few went ahead & found more pics of it which lead to SHUTTLECOCK GRENADE. DRONES r armed with it! ImageImage
2/3 Shuttlecock grenades: feathered tails r attached to EXPL0SIVES to keep them balanced on their way to their targets. IF this ws really a drone attack then it is ENEMY’s way of bleeding INDIA. Any SOFT/HARD kill (drone) devices employed will COST us lots of MONEY. Image
3/3 Look at the damage caused by the enemy. 👇Such non-contact attacks where enemy doesn’t come face to face with our forces, helps them prevent any losses on their side. They’ll nvr use a BIGGER drone than this. Albeit SNIPER DRONES cn attack High value targets (HVT) soon. #VVIP ImageImage
Read 4 tweets
Examples of appropriation of #Arabic toponyms
List will name #Palestinian villages, place names depopulated before or in 1948, followed by #Israeli settlements with toponyms derived from names of destroyed #Palestinian villages:

Depopulated July 1948 (Bean in #Arabic)
#Lavi (Kibbutz); founded 1948 (Lion in #Hebrew)

#Al-Kabri ( Western #Galilee) depopulated on May 21st 1948
#Kabri (Kibbutz); founded 1949

#Alma (#Sadad district)
Depopulated on October 30th, 1948
#Alma (#moshav ) founded in 1949

Depopulated on May 2,
-, 1948

#Amqa (#Acre are)
Depopulated october, 1948
#Amka (Moshav) founded 1949

#Sajara (Lower #Galilee);
Depopulated: July, 1948
#Tree in #Arabic
#AynZaytun (Western #Galilee)
Spring #Olives in #Arabic
#Ilaniya (Tree in #Hebrew)+ #EinZeitim (kibbutz) Spring olive
Read 21 tweets
International Affairs /1-1
#Myanmar #Burma 🇲🇲
Myanmar's Generals
Run A Nearly Sanction-Proof
Long Before Seizing Control
Of The Streets
by @oanhha @jwf825
& Khine Lin Kyaw
MAY 11, 2021
International Affairs /1-2
#Myanmar #Burma 🇲🇲
- Area : 676.5K km²
- Population : 53.6 M
- Capital : #Naypyidaw
largest city : #Yangon
- #Bamar 68%
- #Shan 9%
- #Buddhism 88%
- #Christianity 6.2%
- #Islam 4.3%
#Burmese Image
International Affairs /1-3
#Myanmar #Burma 🇲🇲
- GDP (PPP) : US$355 B
Per capita : US$6.7 K
- #InformalEconomy :
one of the biggest in the world
- Rich in precious stones :
#Rubies 90% of world's
#Sapphires #Pearls #Jade
- #Tourism
- #Agriculture Image
Read 50 tweets
Short @AbiyAhmedAli: We defeated #TPLF (june tah) completely & #Eritrea is in #Ethiopia only because we are at war with TPLF whom we have defeated completely 4 month ago. Mayyybe our soldiers & Isaias did a little raping here and there but TPLF ATTACKED NORTHERN COMMAND!
(2) #Eritrea|ns have made a very strong argument as to why they cannot withdraw from sovereign #Ethiopia|n territories, because they fear being attacked by #TPLF (who I have totally annihilated) and I must say I find their arguments compelling. The war is to catch 12 people.
(3) The call for us to withdraw #Amhara Special Forces from #Tigray is like me telling the US: Colorado National Guard cannot be dispatched to California in a state of emergency. Everybody knows Colorado ethnics & California ethnics are analogous to Tigray-Amhara ethnies.
Read 25 tweets
Read 126 tweets
#Pakistan-#Egypt FM-level talks.

Issues: #Libya-#Yemen-#Gulf-#Ethiopia-#Gaza-#Kashmir.

Robust military ties but overall weak political exchanges between #Cairo & #Islamabad.

Yet @ImranKhanPTI-@AlsisiOfficial governments have recently been in contact to upgrade cooperation.
#Pakistan & #Egypt revive stalled ties. Pakistani foreign minister meets President Al-Sisi. Agreement to launch high-level political consultations next month. #PakMilitary will participate in drills in Egypt in summer. /2

#Pakistan & #Egypt are often considered two players with imp roles in ensuring #Gulf stability, along regional & intl partners; can help in Mideast peace, in Yemen, in fighting extremism & extremist groups. These are recurring themes in discussions:
Read 6 tweets
1/ Startling video just released by #AlQaeda #Yemen includes leader #Batarfi (supposedly captured in Oct) & looks genuinely new. Opens with dramatic footage of storming of US Congress on 6 Jan. Delights in US domestic strife. Hopes this heralds 🇺🇸 downfall
#TrumpImpeachment #AQAP
2/ In new #AQAP #Yemen video, #Batarfi mentions (at 7.55 minutes) that the USA has suffered over 400,000 deaths from #Covid19. This dates the recording to AFTER 15 January 2021 (so well after Batarfi's supposed capture in October 2020). True to form, he includes a long #poem...
3/ Wait! #Batarfi's spoken #Arabic differs slightly from the English subtitle. He says حال so could be 400,000 cases not "perished" as per transcript. This would date Batarfi's speech footage to April2020. That fits with our last *new* footage from him: his Ramadan lecture series
Read 5 tweets
a short thread on yet another development in colloq #Arabic.

the topic is 🌜cliticization🌛, or what happens when words lose some of their independence & must 𝑙𝑒𝑎𝑛 on other words for support.

exx. come from Egyptian, but much of this will apply for other varieties. 1/
an 🌜enclitic🌛 is a word that behaves as though it & the word preceding it were a single word, phonologically.

in English "gimme!" (= "give me!"), only the 1st half has stress. the 2nd half has lost its stress entirely, because it is functioning as an enclitic (or clitic). 2/
we can observe something similar in the indirect object pronouns of Arabic.

when we want to say "she brought me [a book]," we have

جابت ˈgābit "she brought"
لي li "to me"

but when we combine them, the final product is pronounced not as *ˈgābitli, but as gaˈbitli. 3/
Read 12 tweets

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