Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #polarization

Most recents (17)

Thread: On polarization, “consensus,” and multiracial democracy in American history.

I’m writing a book about the idea of “polarization” and how it has shaped recent American history. @JakeMGrumbach is making a crucial point here, and I’d like to add a few thoughts: 1/
First of all, @JakeMGrumbach is right: Political “consensus” was usually based on a bipartisan agreement to leave the discriminatory social order intact and deny marginalized groups equal representation and civil rights. A white male elite consensus was the historical norm. 2/
The frequently invoked “consensus” of the post-World War II era, for instance, was depending on both parties agreeing that white patriarchal rule would remain largely untouched. “Civility” was the modus operandi between elites who adhered to that order. 3/
Read 21 tweets
“Why Do People Believe Weird Things? Bayesian Brains, Conspiracy Theories, and Intellectual Vices”

@ruhrunibochum #LectureSeries #ConspiracyTheories #Disinformatioin
“Why Do People Believe Weird Things? Bayesian Brains, Conspiracy Theories, and Intellectual Vices”

@ruhrunibochum #LectureSeries #ConspiracyTheories #Disinformatioin
“Why Do People Believe Weird Things? Bayesian Brains, Conspiracy Theories, and Intellectual Vices”

#LectureSeries #ConspiracyTheories #disinformation
Read 43 tweets
Think about how often gay marriage is described as a “polarizing” issue. Yes, the country was split in the middle on this question, about a decade ago; but this is not a story of #polarization - but one in which the majority of Americans is steadily coming around on major issues.
In many areas, the #polarization narrative obscures more than it illuminates. Take Americans’ changing views on LGBTQ rights, for example: Since the 1970s the percentage of people regarding homosexuality as an “acceptable lifestyle” has steadily increased.
The idea that gay Americans deserve civil rights protections at the work place reached near-consensus status long ago. So even in areas where substantive attitudes have shifted significantly, the public has not exactly been polarizing. #NotPolarization
Read 4 tweets
#PakistanArmy #COAS Gen Bajwa: #NationalSecurity in the age of #globalization, #information & #connectivity has now become an all-encompassing notion. Surely it is not solely a function of the #ArmedForces anymore.
#IslamabadDialogue #IslamabadSecurityDialogue
#PakistanArmy #COAS Gen Bajwa: #NationalSecurity also includes providing a conducive environment in which aspirations of human #security, national #progress & #development could be realized.
#IslamabadDialogue #IslamabadSecurityDialogue
#PakistanArmy #COAS Gen Bajwa: #NationalSecurity has now become an all-encompassing notion, wherein besides various elements of national power, #global & #regional environments also play a profound role.
#IslamabadDialogue #IslamabadSecurityDialogue
Read 56 tweets
New research into anti-immigration rhetoric, which I'll try to summarise in this THREAD.

It basically suggests that the emotive use of metaphor & hyperbole in anti-immigration rhetoric drives base support & INCREASES their likelihood of political action.…
Typical anti-immigration rhetoric used by right-wing populist nationalist parties presents immigrants as outsiders, who are framed as a threat to the populist nationalists idealized nation.
In their anti-immigration rhetoric, politicians typically use strong, vivid, & negative metaphors & hyperboles to frame their political statements.

There is agreement that, at least for parts of the electorate, such populist anti-immigration rhetoric can be highly persuasive.
Read 17 tweets
Due to high #inequality, the party of the right is now the party of individual capital flow, not of business.

At least, those are the people calling the shots / creating the outlandish policy. 1/2

#brexit #trump #polarisation #polarization #democracy
Then that same #inequality drives #polarization by creating false scarcities, which produce economic threats, which make lower-risk (but lower-payoff) opportunities more attractive than others. This part of the equation is what our new paper is about.…
Just found my last talk before self isolating then lockdown last March, which went well! NATO @STRATCOMCOE asked me to talk about social media & #democracy which isn‘t my area, so I got to talk about what were IMO the most important results of others.
Read 4 tweets
I reviewed @ezraklein‘s “Why We’re Polarized” for @hsozkult. A few thoughts, from a historical perspective, on an important book that still left me unconvinced that "polarization" is the right lens through which to analyze America’s recent past and present. 1/
Quick disclaimer: I’m not a political scientist and not necessarily interested in policy prescriptions. My perspective on “Why We’re Polarized” is that of a historian of 20th century U.S. politics who’s working on the history of the polarization idea/narrative. 2/
First of all, everyone should read "Why We’re Polarized." I learned an awful lot from this book, and the way @ezraklein summarizes and synthesizes the conflicts that shape U.S. politics and the forces that are shaping American society is truly impressive. 3/
Read 49 tweets
What is the language of #polarization?

We have a new paper where we created and validated a dictionary of polarizing language and then examined how it this rhetoric is weaponized by online trolls around the globe.

The work was led by @almogsi & @william__brady

The first thing we did is create a dictionary of words that are associated with polarization.

These are words that are not associated with a lot of cross-talk between the left & right during online political discussions.

The dictionary is free for others to use.

We validated the polarization dictionary in three studies. We found it predicted polarization with new political topics (eg BLM) and, strikingly, it was a strong predictor of polarization in national public opinion polls about #COVID19 during the current pandemic.

Read 4 tweets
1/ Here is a proposal of how to distinguish between different, supposedly "equivalent," #orthogonal mixtures of photons. In this case, it is R + L mix of circular, to be distinguished from mixtures of linear #polarization.
#Physics #QuantumMechanics #ThoughtExperiment
I am leaving aside right here whether it could lead to #FTL communication (#SuperluminalSignalling), and focusing on the bare being able to make the distinction. Impractical - but of major theoretical importance.
#ProperMixtures #MeasurementProblem
We use a compound detector D for this purpose. Its first element is a quarter-wave plate with horizontal fast axis, that is rotationally free within a small angle (to allow measurement of changes in #angularmomentum of roughly a few hundred ħ, which is still very tiny.)
Read 14 tweets
📄 STUDY: Though the focus has been on social media, the role that news media played in amplifying #disinformation has been overlooked. #IRA

Some highlights...…
“Vox Populi”

Vox populi (Latin)
Translation: "voice of the people"

In English:
"the opinion of the majority of the people"

In journalism:
‘vox pop’ or ‘person on the street’ refers to short interviews with members of the public
Ten_GOP and Miss USA 2017
Read 19 tweets
1/5: "... researchers concluded that simply engaging in a discussion about #climatechange with someone you trust & respect increased a person’s belief in the scientific reality."

via @GreenBiz @phillipberry

#trustthemessenger #prosocial #scicomm…
2/5: Important to keep in mind for any controversial issue - having trust in the messenger & talking through the details contributes to understanding & finding common ground.

I wrote about this from a cultural evolutionary perspective here…, via @tvolmag
3/5: Here's a study finding social/cultural factors like trust have more influence on decision-making than technical knowledge. Specific topic was acceptance of wasterwater reuse…

#trustthemessenger #prosocial #scicomm
Read 5 tweets
I wrote a piece for @ModAmHist on the #polarization discourse, the larger implications of approaching the past through the prism of polarization, and the challenges of writing a pre-history of the (supposedly) “polarized” present.…
@ModAmHist I’m certainly not providing final answers in the piece – rather trying to engage in what I believe is an urgently needed debate on the limits and potential pitfalls of using #polarization as a governing historical paradigm (find the pdf here:…)
@ModAmHist I’m extremely grateful to the editors at @ModAmHist who did a fantastic job helping me say what I wanted to say – and to the brilliant Brooke Blower, in particular: working on this piece with her was an absolute pleasure and a wonderful experience. #twitterstorians #polarization
Read 4 tweets
I've been reading about @MarzGurl and this new drama and I have thoughts. Typically, when a group member does something bad or in violation of group norms, the Black Sheep Effect says that the group turns on them. Yet when that member is an exemplar or leader this might (1/14)
not happen. The leaders or exemplars of the group or those perceived to be in part set what is acceptable but also shape aspects of the individual's identity. What may be going on in the case of fans rallying against a scapegoat for their own dissonance and...(2)
With the potential of having to admit that a paragon, an exemplar of their group, or someone so closely tied to ones specific group of interest has been alleged to have done some terrible things is tied to the need to reduce that negative emotion.(3)
Read 15 tweets
THREAD: The rise of political tribalism might be overstated, according to political scientist @MattGrossmann.…
Since the 2016 election, there HAS been a real rise in negative partisanship...and party bias may even have economic consequences. BUT there are a few caveats:…
1.When answering questions about opposing parties, citizens tend to think more about political leaders than their fellow citizens. And many citizens dislike BOTH parties’ leaders.
Read 12 tweets
# Exploring Tweetbonds

Continuing speculations on building an informal economy of sorts using standard Twitter functions only.

See the below for the initial draft, though Ive evolved the idea since then
If someone deletes a Reply to you, there is no record that such a Reply ever existed(*). One could of course make a screenshot (aka screencap) but screenshots can be faked to say whatever you want.

(*) Actually, twitter may retain the Reply, I dunno.
Quote Tweets (QTs) are a different matter. A nested set of QTs, entered in reverse order & punctuated in specific ways, can be made 'secure' in the sense that

1) You can't add to the initial tweet, and
2) You can't add to the final tweet w/o some break in a punctuation protocol.
Read 28 tweets

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