Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #qualitative

Most recents (24)

Too many researchers erroneously think that #qualitative data are not useful for generating explanation or understanding causation.
A 🧵
Sure, qual data analysis is NOT designed to generate universal laws causally linking together decontextualized independent variables. But...
Most qualitative researchers are not interested in proposing general laws, but are instead focused on generating explanations of contextualized activity -- and rich qualitative data are extremely valuable for such purposes.
Indeed, qualitative field research can be far BETTER than solely quantified approaches at developing explanations about LOCAL causality - which consist of the local events and processes that have led to specific outcomes in a specific context or case.
Read 5 tweets
Many beginning #qualitative researchers are overly concerned that they are doing analysis "wrong". Here are some activities that can help people to think qualitatively & practice analysis in playful ways.
These and other techniques will be expanded in my 3rd edition qual book.
1. Using 10-15 items from your own personal library (of books, music, movies, recipes), sort them into a set number of categories and name them. Then discuss what themes you chose and why you chose them.
Re-categorize them into another set of categories. Do this as many times as possible with the goal of seeing how many kinds of categories you might have (for example, chronological categories, genre, how much you like them, their societal popularity, etc.).
Read 7 tweets
Hier unten ⬇️ hatte ich schon einen kurzen Einblick in unsere Alltagsstudien zu den Auswirkungen von #Musikhören im Alltag auf unser #Stresslevel gegeben 📲🎵🧠🎶

Wie ist das nun, wenn wir gerade in einer akuten Stresssituation stecken? (1/n)
Psychobiologisch muss man unterscheiden zwischen Musikeffekten (a) auf basale Stresswerte - also die ganz normale Tagesaktivität unserer Stress-Systeme und (b) in akuten Stressreaktionen, hier fahren unsere Stress-Systeme ganz besonders hoch. (2/n)
Im Alltag sind wir immer wieder kleineren Stresssituationen ausgesetzt - #workoverload, #Stau oder #Busverpasst obwohl man schon zu spät zum nächsten Termin dran ist, #Konflikte auf der Arbeit oder familiär... sog. Alltagsstressoren (3/n)
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#Qualitative Peeps. From my very little playing around with it, it seems that AI can fundamentally impact qualitative data analysis and coding. If you or someone you know has used it systematically in qual analysis (or written about it), will you let me know?
In fooling around w/ ChatGPT w/ #qualitative analysis, I asked, "what is the sentiment of the following data?" [inserted deidentified data] & then, "what are the three main themes in the following conversation?" I found the descriptive summaries useful & astonishingly on point.
I then asked, "what are some theories that could help explain these themes?" And several were provided that make sense given the analysis we conducted. This experiment was with data that I've already collected and analyzed in the past.
Read 5 tweets
#Qualitative research is outstanding for understanding WHY.
BUT this does not mean that asking "why" questions in interviews is always the best way to go.
So what's the problem with "why" and what can researchers use instead?
The problem with "why" interview questions is that, when you ask people "why", they often become defensive, or simply double down on their convictions with a lack of reflexivity. What's more they, often philosophize.
A better avenue for interviewing can be to ask "how" instead of why.
For example:
How does that work?
How did you come to have that belief?
How is it that you came to engage in _______ behavior?
Read 5 tweets
Dr Claire Stewart presents the results of the @ANZCA Gender Equity survey and they are devastating- almost half of women have experienced bullying and over a third have had difficulty obtaining a position, compared to just 3% of men. 1/5 ImageImage
The nature of the disrespect experienced by women anaesthetists is insidious, not overt- this makes it particularly challenging to address. This is amplified by a lack of awareness/allyship by men.☹️ 2/5 ImageImage
Nearly half of women anaesthetists experienced #discrimination relating to pregnancy 🤨🤰3/5 Image
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1) A while ago, I was moaning about the lack of low-learning curve software tools for coding #qualitative data to a colleague. It seems like you either have to do hard copy stuff with pen and paper, or invest time (and potentially money) into big software packages.
2) I have found Nvivo etc. a bit too 'much' - both for myself and my students. The learning curve is quite high, and it doesn't really match onto the processes of #reflexiveTA that I use and teach (which make sense, because Nvivo et al. weren't designed for this method).
3) I have tended to use the comment function in Word, and would then cut and paste codes into Excel (or more recently Miro) to do the thematic construction phases of a #reflexiveTA. This is a better 'fit' with the way I was trained and my own analytic tendencies.
Read 9 tweets
Given the complexity of delivering clinical trials, they are a fertile ground to gain from #interdisciplinary thinking. For example, the field of trial #recruitment has already gained enormously from insights from other disciplinary approaches 1/7
A recent paper highlighted the use of #StatedPreference methods in this space. It showed aspects of trial design can affect recruitment 2/7…
#StatedPreference methods eg discrete choice experiments are more commonly used by health economists to value and quantify aspects of health care but can be used to determine preference priorities in any domain 3/7…
Read 7 tweets
Trying to contrast literature review (LR) from theoretical framework (TF)?
The LR synthesizes existing knowledge re. the research problem.
The TF provides a lens for analyzing & explaining the data.
A good research study must ADVANCE the literature but usually only USES the TF.
1) a Foucauldian analysis (TF) of emotional labor (LR).
2) identifying functions of humor (LR) using sensemaking theory (TF)
3) understanding work-life balance (LR) through a structurational lens (TF)
Knowing at least some of the related literature at the beginning of a study is fundamental for research design, appropriate research questions, etc. Most folks don't want to spend years of their life illuminating a problem that already has a clear solution. But...
Read 5 tweets
Doing #qualitative research using #online methods? 🤔💻 I thought I'd share 10 papers/books which I've found really useful during my PhD - a thread! 🧵1/?

Feel free to add to the list! #PhD #research #PhDlife #phdvoice #phdchat #AcademicChatter #ResearchMethods #OnlineMethods
1⃣ 'Doing Qualitative Research Online' (2016) - includes ethical issues in research design; designing online qualitative studies; collecting qualitative data online through interviews & other methods; analysis & reporting findings.

➡️… 2/?
2⃣ 'Qualitative data collection in an era of social distancing' (2020) - includes options & resources for researchers who need to alter their study designs from face-to-face qualitative data collection to a “socially distant” method.

➡️… 3/?
Read 18 tweets
1/ Gender Bias in Student Evaluations of Teaching: ‘Punish[ing] Those Who Fail To Do Their Gender Right’

Our big #qualitative analysis (386,277 unique responses!) published in Higher Education…
2/Our findings suggest that student evaluations of teaching seem to measure *conformity with gendered expectations* rather than teaching quality

A cause for concern given the integration of SET data into performance profiles, and management and organisation of teaching practice
3/Before I go on, in terms of the necessarily binary reporting, it is very important to say here that we recognise the ‘pluralities inherent in gender(s)’ that complicate simple binary approaches to gender (Weerawardhana, 2018, p.189), and we do discuss this in the paper
Read 13 tweets
Today I have a few teaching and admin related tasks to do, as well as preparing for a conference (#BJSMLive22) on Wednesday
I teach on three courses here at Bath:

1. Our distance learning MSc Sports and Exercise Medicine and Sports Physiotherapy courses, for which I convene the Research Phase in which students complete a substantial research project…
We soon have a Football Medicine in association with FIFA MSc launching too

Watch coverage here:

Read 9 tweets
So before I get onto more about my current work, I though I'd do a quick thread to share my background and how I got to where I am today
I was born in South Africa, and grew up in Francistown, Botswana

Today Botswana has one of the world's fastest-growing economies, but it's history includes being colonised as a British Protectorate, gaining independence in 1966

I completed my undergraduate degree in Human Movement Science and honours degree in Sport Science at @UPTuks in Pretoria, South Africa

Read 11 tweets
What is Qualitative Evidence Synthesis? What role does it play in #healthcare? See below for a brief #tweetorial from @Catrin_notts for #JBImethodology month 1/10
#Qualitative evidence synthesis seeks to provide an understanding of meanings, practices and processes associated with social experience, behaviour and culture 2/10
Qualitative evidence synthesis involves the identification and synthesis of qualitative studies to provide insights related to a focused question 3/10
Read 10 tweets
New research from @DrAimeeGrant @sara_wyn_jones @KatWilliams123 @AutisticUK @DrSchniff @Prof_AmyBrown, who reviewed Autistic people's experiences of infant feeding (breast- and formula- feeding) including healthcare support

🧵by @DrAimeeGrant… (1/11)
#Breastfeeding is encouraged because of known health benefits, but it is not easy and many parents experience challenges.

Due to differences in how Autistic people experience pain and bodily sensations, we thought that they may find breastfeeding harder. (2/11)
It's worth mentioning here that the research team was led by an Autistic woman, with two Autistic women who had experience of infant feeding themselves also part of the team. It was funded by the Research Wales Innovation Fund, part of @SwanseaUni (3/11)
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The political momentum for reforming the #EU 🇪🇺 #fiscal framework is larger than ever. We are excited to share our freshly published feasibility & impact analysis of the reform proposals with you:… (1/15)➡️ Image
Recovering from the #pandemic and simultaneously achieving #environmental, #social and #economic goals requires large amounts of public funding and therefore ample #fiscal flexibility for #EU member states. (2/15)
And with all eyes on #COP26 this week, and the discussion about the scale and pace of investment for #ClimateAction high on the agenda, the discussion about how to create the fiscal flexibility for investments such as these has never been more timely (3/15)
Read 16 tweets
Alright I can officially tell y'all I'm on the #academicjobs market.

I'm applying to higher education & sport management TT positions & this dope scholar is ready to be picked up.

You might be wondering what I do, so allow me to tell you.

Let's start w/my degree
My degree is in Educational Leadership and Policy Studies w/a focus in higher education administration.

I've got a MBA too & about 5 years as a #SApro in career services & academic advising.

You've got some career background. Now let's turn to my research.
My research centers on college athletics & at my core I'm a higher ed trained person. I use college impact, sociology, & organizational behavior theories to ground my research.

I'm a #quantitative methodologist and lean heavily into quantitative criticalism to answer my ?s
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Things are tough in #EmergencyDepartments, right now. We surveyed 1372 NZ ED staff, measuring their burnout & identifying what can be done to improve their #workplacewellbeing Our 1st paper has been published #OpenAccess… (Thread 1/8)
ED staff are VERY resilient. We face daily exposure to the illness, injury, intoxication, violence & distress of others. These findings resonate with other #wellbeing research suggesting social & organisational factors – as well as personal strategies - are key (2/8)
To provide a coherent, actionable analysis of a #qualitative data set > 100,000 words, we reported key themes under summary domains:
1. Facilitators: What matters most?
2. Barriers: What gets in the way?
3. Opportunities: What can be done? (3/8)
Read 9 tweets
I state, highlight, mark up, not insinuate
Why is someone who likely does not menstruate a sudden expert on #womenshealth to identify a WOC seeking #data #quality & #integrity as the women?
"Respecting" social science = using respectable methods, not online surveys.
What you see in the tweet and the "study" is ego, defensiveness & flagrant Dunning-Kruger effect for #womenshealth, #menstrualhealth, #COVID19, #vaccine #research.

The best way to demonstrate the value of a field is to be consistent on #quality not…
Academic language on #online #survey #data:
"systematically assess carelessness in a crowdsourced sample" Denial that quick & dirty is poor #quality is an odd use of time & ineffective. One could better defend one's merit, by delivering #quality per best practices and standards.
Read 35 tweets
Qualitative researchers, I'd like to crowdsource your thoughts for an upcoming session. What are the "myths" you often come across in qualitative research, and how should we deal with them?

#AcademicChatter #Qualitative #ThemesDoNotEmerge #PLEASEJustStopSayingThemesEmerge
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[1/20] Let me share the main findings and recommendations from our in-depth empirical analysis of the #science #communication #research field in this thread on: 1 Goals, 2 Methods, 3 Trends, 4 Challenges, 5 Research Gaps, 6 Recommendations >> #SciComm Image
[2/20] Goal: investigate trends in #SciComm #research over the decades globally; identify opportunities / challenges / gaps; make research & policy recommendations. The Field Analysis is available freely #OpenAcces >> as an e-book & audio-book -- #WissKomm
[3/20] We triangulated a content analysis of 3,000 journal papers with a review of grey literature spanning four decades, and a multi-stage panel study (qual. interviews with 36 experts representing the international and disciplinary field). Image
Read 25 tweets
Do #qualitative interviews cause #distress when used for sensitive topics and/or in sensitive populations?
A thread (& case study with #cancer #survivors).
2/5 #Qualitative research is ideally suited to gain rich insights into human experience, including those with medical conditions and at-risk groups.

But, one #barrier to conducting #qualitative interviews is concern (often from physicians or IRB/ethics) of causing #distress
3/5 Yet, data on distress around #qualitative #interviews with medical pops is lacking.

In our new #PsychoOncologypaper, #AYA #cancersurvivors completed a validated distress screening tool before, after & 1 week after an interview on #fearofrecurrence…
Read 5 tweets
One of the main things that stops good #qualitative research from being GREAT is that people get stuck during that ephemeral step between coding/thematizing and interpretation/claim-making.😩

Some musings and tips to help in this process:
As @ProfWay has pointed out, for most qual researchers, line-by-line coding is not necessary or appropriate on ALL of the study's empirical materials.
Choose a portion of your data (I recommend a maximum variation) for emergent coding, then check whether the codes are answering your RQ. If so, create a codebook & begin laying codes on top of the data. Do they work? Great. If not, go back & adapt. This is the iterative approach!
Read 11 tweets
Our #qualitative study exploring the experiences of people involved in #participation and #involvement for the design and delivery of #CAMHS has just been submitted for publication, but we didn't want to wait to share some key findings and resources with you! Image
Following a #research and service development meeting to design a new staff-based intervention for inpatient #CAMHS (Follow @StudyTric and me for updates in due course), we asked those present to tell us about their experiences of being involved.
In line with @NIHRinvolvement guidelines, our group included all those with a stake in the intervention and lived experience of the context: young people, family members and frontline clinicians all sharing their expertise alongside researchers and clinical academics.
Read 9 tweets

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