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About 60% of newly emerged & re-emerging pathogens share a common origin: #animals. When we cut down the forests where they live, they roost in our backyards & farms instead. #OneHealth @dirgarambe @mdkimhsdubai @Virologist_11
@dirgarambe @mdkimhsdubai @Virologist_11 #Marburg #virus 1970s-80s: cases in #SouthAfrica & #Kenya. 1998: 2nd biggest outbreak - 154 cases in the #DRCongo. 2005: biggest outbreak - #Angola with 374 cases with 329 deaths (fatality rate: 88%). 2017: outbreak in #Uganda contained through early detection & response.
@dirgarambe @mdkimhsdubai @Virologist_11 #Ebola #virus 2014–16: #outbreak started in #Guinea & moved to #SierraLeone #Liberia - largest since the virus was first discovered in 1976. Current 2018-19 outbreak in eastern #DRCongo (#Zaire species) - highly complex, with insecurity adversely affecting #publichealth response.
@dirgarambe @mdkimhsdubai @Virologist_11 #Hendra #virus - as of July 2016, 53 cases involving over 70 #horses have been reported. Infections in humans remain rare; only 7 cases reported from infected horses, particularly through close contact. There is a #vaccine for animals. 🐎🏇🏽🐴 #OneHealth
@dirgarambe @mdkimhsdubai @Virologist_11 #Nipah #virus 🦇🐖In #Bangladesh & #India, consumption of fruits / fruit products (such as raw date palm juice) contaminated with urine or saliva from infected fruit bats was the source of infection. There are currently no drugs / vaccines specific for Nipah virus. #OneHealth
@dirgarambe @mdkimhsdubai @Virologist_11 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was a respiratory disease of zoonotic origin caused by the #SARS #coronavirus. From Nov 2002 - July 2003, an #outbreak of SARS in southern China caused 8,098 cases, resulting in 774 deaths in 17 countries (9.6% fatality rate). #OneHealth
@dirgarambe @mdkimhsdubai @Virologist_11 Most #MERSCoV human cases have been attributed to human-to-human infections in #healthcare settings but current evidence suggests dromedary camels 🐫🐪 are a major reservoir host. Outbreaks have occurred in #SaudiArabia #UnitedArabEmirates #SouthKorea #OneHealth [h/t @MackayIM]
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