Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Latin

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#EpigraphyTuesday – The rather magnificent tombstone of Longinus Sdapeze, a member of ‘ala I Thracum’, a unit which may have played a role in the Claudian invasion of Britain AD 43. #Latin 🧵

Image: Colchester & Ipswich Museums (COLEM:1928.345). Link –… Image
Discovered in 1928 and showing evidence of ancient damage, including the break across the main inscription panel, the actual head of Longinus was not found until subsequent excavations in 1996.

“Longinus Sdapeze
Matyci (filius) duplicarius
ala prima Tracum pago
Sardi(ca) anno(rum) XL aeror(um) XV
heredes exs testam(ento) [f(aciendum)] c(uraverunt)
h(ic) s(itus) e(st)” Image
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🔆An #FBI internal official use memo (Approved by the FBI's chief lawyer) has been leaked to the public, outlining the FBI's investigatory playbook for 2023.
#USA #BIDEN #FBI #Christian #WhiteSupremacy…
1. The #FBI’s Richmond Division would like to protect Virginians from the threat of “white supremacy,” which it believes has found a home within #Catholics who prefer the #Latin Mass.
#USA #BIDEN #FBI #Christian #WhiteSupremacy
2. An intelligence analyst within the Richmond Field Office of the #FBI released in a new finished intelligence product dated January 23, 2023, on Racially or Ethnically Motivated Violent Extremists (RMVE) and their interests in “Radical-Traditionalist #Catholics or RTCs.
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Today pridie kalendas Ianuarias MMDCCLXXV AUC I offer up some posts/threads/links of philological interest I have lately seen. They are *not* ranked. Maybe I add to in new year. Said #philology is very BROAD church in the truest sense. Please, enjoy 🧵
1. Lovely little podcast with @OlaWikander which gives great example led discussion of the study on ancient langs/cultures. At the very least listen to his exegesis on his specialty, Ugaritic.
2. Here is @DrMichaelBonner (yes, another podcast). Worth listening to as he is a practicing philologist beyond the academy
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How did Jesus pronounce his own name? Hint: it wasn’t Jesus. Or even Yeshua. Or anything at all like Yahashawa or the many variants diligently documented by @arabic_bad. 1/14
The pronunciations like Yahawashi etc. come from the idea that in the #Hebrew alphabet (especially the Paleo-Hebrew one), every letter represents a syllable. You can then read the original form of the name, יהושע (Paleo 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤔𐤏) ‘Joshua’, as Ya-ha-wa-sha-i. Or something. 2/14
Other than pictures you see on the Internet, there is no basis for this way of reading Hebrew. It contradicts everything we know about how Hebrew was preserved, from how Hebrew names were spelled in Assyrian clay tablets to the reading traditions still used by Jews today. 3/14
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👨‍🏫 Du latin au quotidien ? Eh oui, on peut facilement exploiter le lexique déjà employé par des auteurs latins plus ou moins récents.

🔍 Aujourd'hui, on s'intéresse aux couleurs de l’arc-en-ciel selon l’auteur Ammien Marcellin, un historien du IVème s. de notre ère !
⚠️ Si je précise d’emblée qu’il s’agit des couleurs de l’arc-en-ciel SELON un auteur, c’est qu’elles seront différentes des sept canoniques que l’on connaît et apprend dans notre plus tendre enfance.
👀 Entrons donc dans le détail des couleurs qu’il emploie : elles auront chacune droit à un post plus détaillé avec d’autres nuances proches. D’abord une petite phrase de latin, avant d’avoir tout un passage en traduction :
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#EpigraphyTuesday - The Water Newton bowl, a silver Romano-British bowl, ca. 4th Century AD, bearing a rather fabulous little Christian inscription. #Latin #Inscription

Image: British Museum (1975,1002.5). Link –…
Discovered in 1975 as part of a collection of precious metal items – the Water Newton Hoard – which included elements decorated with Christian symbols, including the 'feather-plaques', though these forms are also found in non-Christian contexts.
The bowl bears an inscription of the name 'Publianus' on its base and the following inscription around its rim:

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The #Deltacron tweet made a big impression on me yesterday and I've been thinking about letter names ever since. One thing to note is that we like to pretend we know what the #Phoenician letter names were, but we don't really. Most of the names you see are actually #Hebrew. 1/10
That goes for names like "aleph". Sometimes you'll see reconstructed forms, like "ʾalp", which are closer to the #Greek names and partially also attested in the Septuagint of Psalm 119 (118 in Gk)—but there they're actually Hebrew too, of course. 2/10…
One place where the Greek and Semitic letter names show weird correspondences is with the sibilants. @pd_myers has recently published on this (paywall):… 3/10
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#RomanSiteSaturday The Tomb of Eurysaces the Baker 🏛️💀🍞

(1/7) The witty and entertaining tomb of Marcus Vergilius Eurysaces is one of the best-preserved freedmen funerary monuments in #Rome and sits in a prominent position at the Porta Maggiore.

#Classics #Roman #Archaeology
(2/7) Built c. 30 - 20 BCE, this extravagant site reflects both Eurysaces' wealth and sense of humour. A freedman who must have made a fortune from a chain of bakeries supplying bread for public rations, he seems to have been immensely proud of his position and riches.
(3/7) Indeed, his tomb is an architectural pun. Made of tufa and white marble, it takes the form of bakery equipment. The three rows of medallions at the top are dough-kneading bins on their sides, and the lower 'columns' are upright dough-bins stacked on top of one another.
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Daily Bookmarks to GAVNet 10/07/2021…
Pre-Columbian Latin Text Proves Early Knowledge of the Americas…

#MedievalHistory #europe #latin #translations
Extinction and origination patterns change after mass extinctions…

#MassExtinctions #consequences #evolution
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I know that sooner or later some of you (👀 @Arnold_Platon 😉 ) might ask: "is there a map?" so, I'm glad to tell you that there is! and a very telling one. 🧵 on words for '(sugar-free) plum jam' in #Romanian.
this map shows the approximate regional distribution of terms for "plum jam" based on material collected by Emil Petrovici from 1929 to 1938 for Atlasul lingvistic român II. it reflects varieties of spoken, non-urban #Romanian which, at the time, were still relatively free of...
the significant influence of the southern-based literary standard that came with expansion of literacy & mass-media after WWII. the map shows very nicely how receptive varieties of #Romanian were to borrowing from various languages as a result of #LanguageContact.
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In this thread 👇🏼👇🏼👇🏼students @MQLinguistics @Macquarie_Uni share what they've learned so far (1st quarter of semester)

Favorite facts about #languages and #cultures in #contact
In #Arabic we say: “Footprints indicate trajectory”, but I never thought that a wheel would reveal a culture. This is how #cultures can be traced through #languages. The reading made me feel like I am solving a puzzle more than exploring languages.
Think twice before starting to learn #English, cuz you’ll end up learning even more -- #German and #French, and more …
After all, it was the Anglo-Saxons and Normans who influenced the vocabulary!!
English is a mixed #language!
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#ADDER in #IndoEuropean: #Latin natrix, gen. sg. natrĭcis f. ‘water snake’, #OldIrish nathair, gen. sg. nathrach, #Welsh neidr, pl. nadredd, #OldCornish nader ‘snake’, #OldBreton natrolion pl. ‘basilisks’, #MiddleBreton nazr, azr, #ModernBreton naer ‘snake’, …
1/14 https://commons.wikimedia.o...
#ProtoGermanic *nadraz m. (#Gothic nadrs, #OldNorse naðr, #Icelandic naður), *nēdrōn- f. (#OldEnglish nǣdre, #OldHighGerman nātara, #WestFrisian njirre), *nadrōn- f. (#MiddleEnglish nadder, adder, #OldNorse naðra, #MiddleDutch nadre, adre, #Dutch adder, #German Natter, Otter)
2 https://commons.wikimedia.o...
What do an adder, an apron, and an orange have in common?

If it weren’t for the phenomenon of “rebracketing”, they would all three still be known as nadder, napron (cf. #French napperon), and norange (cf. #Spanish naranja).
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We Need To Protect #Türkiye From Suffering The Same Fate As #Andalusia !

By Yusuf Kaplan


#Islam #Erdoğan #Muslims #Ummah #OttomanEmpire #OsmanlıKhilafat #TheGreatOttomanState
Modern history represents how the #Secularist & #Capitalist #Europe was established while Islam & #IslamicCivilization was grounded to a halt .
After centuries of painful experiences Europe finally realized that it would establish itself on the stage of history unless it shattered the world-guiding global siege of Islamic civilization .
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Suppression des chiffres romains dans les cartels des musées comme le @MuseeLouvre ou le @museecarnavalet , jugés peu compréhensible par le public. Etes vous pour ou contre Henri 4, le 15e siècle, et l'abandon des chiffres romains? RT apprecié!
#teamRomains #latin
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#Hydronomastics is the study of #hydronyms, the proper names of bodies of water.

It's a branch of #toponomastics, the study of #toponyms (the proper names of places), which in turn is a branch of #onomastics, the study of #orthonyms (proper names).

French / Luxembourghish sign: The River Sauer in Martelan...
#Hydronym and #hydronomastics both derive from Ancient #Greek ὕδωρ / húdōr (water) + ὄνομα / ónoma (name). The Greek island of Skiatho...
#Hydronyms tend to outlast other #toponyms, even when new #languages and cultures displace earlier ones.

#England, #EastAnglia, #Essex, and #Sussex are named for the #Angles and #Saxons; but #Trent, #Ouse, #Thames, #Severn, and #Avon are older #Celtic and #RomanoBritish names. A map showing the main rive...
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THREAD #PopeFrancis gives rare interview to #Serbia semi-official daily @PolitikaOnline. But as "Francisko", a name that in Serbian evokes sombreroed Mexican bandits rather than @Pontifex. Who is responsible for this #Vatican PR disaster? None other than Papal Nuntius to Serbia/2
Appreciate if someone knows of a way to connect this thread together, in right order 1-9. Thanks
2/Archbishop Luciano Suriani who personally interfered into a linguistic/cultural issue in language/culture that he does not know or understand.
When elected, every #Pope takes a regnal name that is always in #Latin, official language of #HolySee. Since time immemorial every /3
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In this thread 👇🏼👇🏼👇🏼students of #Literacies unit @MQLinguistics @Macquarie_Uni share what they've learned so far (1st quarter of semester)

Favorite facts about #literacy

#Literacy is dynamic, continually developing and unfolds in new and unexpected ways. Learning the inception of #writing and its trajectory to the forms we use now has me excited to observe how literacy continues to develop in the future…
I particularly was surprised by the fact that early prints were made to be similar to handwriting, I thought that was quite genius idea! Also, I liked the fact that printed #books were given to the people whose main job was to decorate them! Image
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Do you think #English is a linguistic juggernaut?

You're right but spare a thought for the #Latin #alphabet - the greatest linguistic superpower of all times

More #languages and people use the #Latin #script than all other scripts combined The world's 15 largest #lan...
#Languages that use the #Latin script have official or co-official status in many countries around the world
And the Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals from 1968 ensures a prominent presence of the #Latin #alphabet in public spaces around the world Bilingual traffic signs on ...
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1) Thread: Does this intriguing Roman epitaph reveal a succession conspiracy playing out during this week in 117 AD? Marcus Ulpius Phaedimus, 28 year-old freedman and main attendant of the Roman emperor Trajan, died on 12 August 117....
2) Phaedimus was clearly a trusted servant of the Emperor, acting as Trajan's butler of sorts “tricliniarcha”, responsible for his food table and wine-service, and as secretary managing his imperial grants and benefits. Phaedimus was his closest attendant “Lictor Proximus”...
3) Mysteriously, Phaedimus died at Selinus (Gazipaşa, Turkey) on 12 August 117 AD, just four days after his master, the Emperor Trajan died there on 8 August supposedly of a stroke. Oddly, his epitaph breaks with tradition...
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Some fun facts for your #fragmentfriday: medieval Samaritans, caliphal tax officials, and #Latin terminological fossils in #Arabic. All converge in a Cairo geniza document from @theULSpecColl. T-S Ar. 38.117, a 12th cent...
2/This tattered yet beautiful Arabic parchment is a 12th c qadi court record. Legal documents from medieval Egypt were written on both parchment and paper after about 900, and on papyrus before that. (Here’s another 12th c parchment deed regarding a sharābī, a seller of potions.) Image
3/The Arabic deed is a bill of sale for part of a house in Fustat (?) from 1135. Fustatis were constantly subdividing their properties, like brownstones in NYC today. You would find 1/24 of a house leased out, tho not measured out as precisely in reality as in the court record.
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[LA] Quis hoc adagium ignoret, quod in multis linguis reperitur? Quod quidem adhibetur cum quis prima rerum fronte conspecta decipitur (antiquitus enim philosophi barbam gerere dicebantur).
#lingualatina #latin #sapientialatina #proverbialatina #latinedisco #scholalatina
Plutarchi locus afferri solet (“Quaestiones convivales”, 709b) velut fons, neque tamen ibi de proverbio agitur, quod nobis tradi potius videtur ab illo Arsenio, adagiorum collectore, cuius haec sunt verba: ἀπὸ πώγωνος φιλόσοφοι.
[EN] ‘Clothes don’t make the man’, ‘You can’t judge a book by its cover’ (but literally, ‘A beard doesn’t make a philosopher’: it was a commonplace in antiquity that philosophers normally sported a beard).
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Daily Bookmarks to GAVNet 6/16/2020-2…

Capitalism's Case for Abolishing Billionaires - Evonomics…

#billionaires #capitalism
Using Evolutionary Social Science to Deal with Pandemics - Evonomics…

#social #coronavirus #evolutionary #complexity
Petroyuan’s stature grows on Shanghai exchange, helping world’s largest energy importer cut dependence on US dollars | South China Morning Post…

#petroyuan #oil #energy
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As in the early 19th century, the nature of #knowledge itself is being transformed in fundamental ways in the early 21st century

3 key challenges of contemporary #research #communication 👇🏼👇🏼👇🏼… Image
During #Humboldt’s time, scientific inquiry and rational thought became foundational to the constitution of #knowledge. Today, we see the relegation of #science to one opinion among many, in debates over matters
ranging from #ClimateChange to #Vaccination… Image
During #Humboldt’s time, challenge for researchers was to develop new channels through which to communicate #knowledge. Today, challenge is for researchers to make their voices heard in the noise of social media communications 👉🏼dangerous #infodemic… Image
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1. St Landry (Landericus) of Paris was a bishop of Paris. He built a hospital dedicated to St Christopher, which later became the Hotel-Dieu de Paris. He died in 661.

The following are excerpts about St Landry from the book
#StLandry #Christianity Image
2."The Golden Legend or Lives of the Saints" by Jacobus de Voragine, Archbishop of Genoa, 1275, originally in #Latin, which apparently was the most widely read book (after the Bible) during the late Middle Ages:
#Bible #CatholicChurch #Christian #MiddleAges #medievaltwitter #book
3. St Landry was right glorious bishop of Paris. God that guided him brought him to Paris and there he was the first bishop, and there he ordained clerks and officers to serve the church. He was the twenty-seventh bishop after St Denis. He sat in the chair of the church
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