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Nov. 11 1918: The last Austro-Hungarian Emperor Charles I signs a proclamation in which he "relinquish(ed) every participation in the administration of the State" marking the end of the 600-year rule of the Habsburgs over #Austria. #TodayInHistory #ArmisticeDay100 #Armistice100
On 13 November, Charles IV issued a similar (Eckartsau) proclamation for #Hungary. In neither declaration did the emperor use the word 'abdication'. Indeed, he tried to reclaim the Hungarian throne twice in 1921. "I did not abdicate, and never will," he wrote to a confidant.
Altogether the losses of Austria-Hungary during #WW1 can be estimated at around 2 million (excluding direct civilian war deaths). #ArmisticeDay100 #ArmisticeDay
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Right, so lots going on and I'm thinking of doing some stuff. But I need your advice and feedback! If you could answer the following polls (comments also welcome) that'd help loads!
I am thinking of writing an old skool email newsletter. Probably monthly. It'd be a mix of what is on here but possibly with a bit more #digital, a bit more #France and other things that are interesting. Would you subscribe? (I've not included 'maybe' - I need binary!)
I will be hosting a live podcast all about #Europe and #Brexit with a heavy #FBPE, #StopBrexit, #PeoplesVote slant. Would you be interested in...
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Excited to share my first piece in 18 months and in @ForeignPolicy, co-authored w/ Simon Miles, an assistant professor @DukeSanford, completing a book on US-Soviet relations during the early 1980s based on new Eastern bloc archival sources. 1/ foreignpolicy.com/2018/10/30/wha…
Context: @mike_giglio had an excellent piece last month on how the #Trump admin may be executing a strategy of "maximum pressure" against #Iran, partly inspired by the book "Victory" & its claim that Reagan used this strategy to defeat the Soviet Union. 2/ buzzfeednews.com/article/mikegi…
There's only one problem: "Victory" is not good history, to put it politely. The most basic critique is that the author didn't have access to US & Soviet archives when the book was published in 1994. You can find much harsher academic critiques online. 3/ amazon.com/dp/0871136333/…
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Thread: Nobel Jean #Tirole gave a public lecture at UCL tonight: 10 years after the #financialcrisis where do we stand. Key points:
1)#Finance is good if used and regulated properly. We seem to be making the same mistakes of 10 years ago. #Subprimes are up again in US. 1/
2) Its crazy for banks to hold a lot of their nation’s sovereign bonds. It creates a #doomloop. a bank fails>government needs more debt to bail it>brings down sovereign bond prices and more banks under stress> more public money needed. And yes he used Italy as an example.2/
3) #cryptocurrencies are a bubble. Fiat money and central banks have worked quite well in developed economies in the last 30 years. And with cryptocurrencies seignorage goes into private hands and not to the goverment.
3/
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@CapitalJon @PaulGambles2 @AlastairWinter @Halsrethink @dlacalle_IA @OBrienSheehan @chloechotv 1. #EU-#Europe before 2000 was OK: Open borders within #EU for EU-citizens, people can live & work (and study) in all EU states (so take great care who joins - went too fast too far East). The seed of destruction came with the #EURO.
@CapitalJon @PaulGambles2 @AlastairWinter @Halsrethink @dlacalle_IA @OBrienSheehan @chloechotv 2. More centralization & #Merkel's #RefugeesWelcome (with the will to enforce mass-#migration on other #EU states) introduce more toxic cancer cells into the #EU!
A common budget (#Macron) & an #EU-army would be the end of true #democracy & #freedom within #Europe!
@CapitalJon @PaulGambles2 @AlastairWinter @Halsrethink @dlacalle_IA @OBrienSheehan @chloechotv 3. The next step would be the likes of #Merkel, #Macron & #Juncker enforcing their will by first witholding money & next send the #EU-army to topple the likes of #Orban in #Hungary.
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Thread: I am hearing a lot of talk about a second referendum and going back to the question of reforming #freemovement, including this report from @sundersays on @nick_clegg's conversations around #Europe. I think this is a dangerous route to go. Here is why.
First, I am sure that governments across the EU have concerns about abuse of free movement. But this abuse, while serious, is marginal and receives very little attention from media and public opinion on the Continent.
Second, while some minor reforms to #freemovement are not only possible but also necessary, as @COdendahl and myself explain here - cer.eu/publications/a…, they won't happen any time soon and will surely be less likely to happen if a perceived 'blackmailing' comes from UK again
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The Suffocation of Democracy

By: Christopher R. Browning

THREAD✔
1/
As a historian specializing in the #Holocaust, #Nazi Germany, and #Europe in the era of the world wars, I have been repeatedly asked about the degree to which the current situation in the United States resembles the interwar period and the rise of #fascism in Europe.
2/
I would note several troubling similarities and one important but equally troubling difference.

In the 1920s, the US pursued #isolationism in foreign #policy and rejected participation in international organizations like the League of Nations.
3/
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Against Normalization: The Lesson of the “Munich Post”

By Ron Rosenbaum @RonRosenbaum1

THREAD✔
1/
THE TRUMP-HITLER COMPARISON.
Is there any comparison? Between the way the campaigns of Donald #Trump and Adolf #Hitler should have been treated by the #media and the culture? The way the media should act now? The problem of #normalization?
2/
Because I’d written a book called Explaining Hitler several editors had asked me, during the #campaign, to see what could be said on the subject.

Until the morning after the election I had declined them.
3/
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The Reichstag Warning ⚠️⚠️⚠️

By @TimothyDSnyder
THREAD ✔
On February 27, 1933 the German Parliament building burned, Adolf #Hitler rejoiced, and the #Nazi era began.
1/
#Hitler, who had just been named head of a #government that was legally formed after the democratic #elections of the previous November, seized the opportunity to change the system. “There will be no mercy now,” he exulted. “Anyone standing in our way will be cut down.”
2/
The next day, at Hitler’s advice and urging, the #German #president issued a decree “for the protection of the people and the state.”
3/
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How Europe Raped Africa

The Berlin conference of 1884 is where European colonising nations basically carved up Africa. Historians refer to it as “the scramble for Africa”.

#Africa #Europe #WhiteSupremacy
The countries represented at the time included Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, #France, #Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, #Russia, #Spain, Sweden-Norway (unified from 1814-1905), #Turkey, and the United States of #America.
The Conference of 1884–85, also known as the Congo Conference, regulated European colonization and trade in #Africa during the New Imperialism period and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power.
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"We accomplished a lot," @POTUS says after his meeting today with #Poland President @AndrzejDuda.
"The alliance between our nations has never been stronger, with us at the helm," @POTUS says to @AndrzejDuda. #Poland
"The United States and Poland are deeply committed to energy diversity all across Europe," @POTUS says at @WhiteHouse joint news conference.
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three major developments over the past day demonstrate how #Europe seeks to shape the global #Internet. if you only focus on US reg, dominated by politics & not law, you’re missing a major part of the action.
first: yesterday the European Ct of Justice held hearings on #France’s push to globalize the right to be forgotten politico.eu/article/google…
read @daphnehk on the implications: nytimes.com/2018/09/10/opi…
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2. "Generosity is a virtue, but unlimited generosity is a fast route to bankruptcy.

Humanitarianism is commendable, but not when you’re demanding that others share the burdens and expense.

A very liberal immigration policy is wise, but helter-skelter migration isn’t."
#Merkel
3. "Knowing how to set broad but clear limits is one of the essentials of conservative governance. Merkel’s failure is that she ceased to be conservative."
#NYT on #Merkel
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#Syria/n hero swimmer Sara Mardini who with her sister helped save 18 fellow refugees in 2015, has been charged with "people smuggling" for helping save refugees by Greek authorities, and placed in a maximum security prison. theguardian.com/world/2018/sep…
“The accusations are more about criminalising humanitarian action. Sara wasn’t even here when these alleged crimes took place but as charges they are serious, perhaps the most serious any aid worker has ever faced.”
From #Russia to #Spain, European human rights workers have been targeted by various fascist led States in what campaigners call an increasingly sinister attempt to silence civil society in the name of "security" but really to appease xenophobia, racism, and sadism.
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Further isolations for #Iran:
Reports of 16 Senators led by @SenTedCruz urge @USTreasury to take "all necessary steps" to disconnect #Iran from the banking and funds transfer system, #SWIFT network. h/t @rich_goldberg
#SWIFT is short for the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication. It is based in #Belgium.
This comes after #Germany's foreign minister called for #Europe to create a banking payments system independent of the United States, in another effort to save #JCPOA
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In interview with @Reuters, @POTUS says he'd consider lifting sanctions on #Russia if Moscow takes steps to work with the US on such issues as #Syria and #Ukraine.
There'll be no concessions with #Turkey over the case of the detained US evangelical Christian pastor, says @POTUS to @Reuters.
He adds he's not concerned about the potential for economic damage to #Europe resulting from US tariffs against #Turkey.
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Raconte! Je vais essayer de raconter ce que je vis ici en @Grèce, ce que je sens, ce que je pense, en ce jour de "clean exit" (pas si clean que ça) du "bailout" qui nous a accompagnés et et formatés depuis 8 ans.
1. La #Grèce regagne aujourd'hui son indépendance financière. C'est important pour l'Etat grec, c'est important pour l'Union européenne. Pour le citoyen grec, dans sa vie quotidienne, cela ne change rien.
2. La reprise économique est ténue, se fait surtout sentir dans le secteur du tourisme. Les Grecs continuent à vivre en suspens, en attente de la fin de la crise. Or la crise, celle de la #Grèce dans l'€, est finie depuis le 13 juillet 2015.
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The Money is BIG @bonifacemwangi BIG. Land issues of #Samburu #Maa, #Rendille #Pokot is Politicians + #NIRT with #GoK behind them - and behind the land sales - they also use @NPSOfficial_KE, @AP's to evict pastoralists.
@ckfoot @gathara @alaminkimathi
Because it seems that this line of #CONservation has gotten international attention and more people are decrying the evictions of land from the indigenous community - the conservationists have taken an ugly turn - Sell wildlife....
#CONservation
#TheBigWhiteLie
@NationBreaking
Yet this is just as disastrous as evicting indigenous pastoralists.
• WILD LIFE belongs to #KENYANS as a whole, it cannot belong to eg, #NRT because it happens to be within those fences - fences which we agree, were put up illegally.
#thebigwhitelie
#thebigconservationlie
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0/ Thread. Having spent some time with @Nicolas_Colin on his new book HEDGE about #tech, #entrepreneurship, social #policy and the future of the Safety Net, I'm sharing some things that stuck with me, and why HEDGE is one for the ☀️📚📝 #readinglist amazon.com/Hedge-Greater-…
1/ @Nicolas_Colin is thought-provoking not least because of his vantage point - graduated from the French ENA, worked at the top of the French civil service, set up his own company, and invests in startups all over 🇪🇺 with @_TheFamily
2/ Im not one for party politics, and HEDGE isn't about that. It's a book that speaks to the zeitgeist of the #techlash and ways for #startup #founders and #politicians to think about smart, sensible policies to build an inclusive Safety Net 2.0 📖
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#Burkas are like wearing a crusifix&should b defended,said Scots leader liberal+lesbian,irresponsibly ignoring that a crusifix is a symbol of #Christianity,which holds t western civilisation,while #nijab is a symbol of oppression enforced recently in #Islam by the #Saudi #Wahhabi
#Liberals accusing #Iranian govt of"oppressing women" who must wear a lose scarf,but do not protest against the #Saudi #Wahhabi reactionary dogma,while it's creeping as political #Islam to combat western #civilisation at the end.If it's sounds like fiction,think Saudi investments
Serious problem wth "western civilisation"mental health.Giving up easily to full veil wearing wthout asking what the cover symbolises,wthout questioning why it came from archaic #Saudi #Wahhabi #Sharia #Regime by force,is👉rejection of progressive western values.Period
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Don't give up your freedom of speech. The Media has. They want to herd you like sheep. They are the true Enemy of the people. #Trump is just the vehicle of their control. #FakeNews #FreeThought Be a Leader of your own mind, not a follower of theirs.
They are trying to destroy our #Republic. They want to control you and chances are they already do. Remember how things used to be, before they injected the hate into our #society. "They" profit on #war, your #debt, and #disease.
They have put #US in debt to the tune of 20 trillion+ #China is in debt, #Russia is in debt, #Europe is in Debt, etc. They manipulate countries into #war and then lend them money to fight. (both sides).
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1/5 Brexit Britain is in as ugly, bitter & dangerous state as I can ever recall. Political parties, the press, communities & families are hopelessly split &, as this epic summer blazes on, the two sides slump exhausted, like medieval armies plotting the final & decisive battle.
2/5 Someone, perhaps one or all of these politicians or an outsider like Gina Miller or Sadiq Khan, simply HAS to rise up, statesman-like, & make real the #PeoplesVote that is surely our last chance of delivering this country from the fast approaching #Brexit catastrophe.
3/5 They’ll need a persuasive & emotionally engaging vision on why #Europe is a great & civilising influence in our national life & how we can ALL make things better for the millions who felt so alienated by it that they were easy meat for the #Leave sharks in the first place.
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Three journalists from #Europe have been killed in an ambush in the Central African Republican by unidentified assailants, a local mayor tells @Reuters.
Henri Depele, the mayor of Sibut, around 200 km NE of the capital Bangui, tells @Reuters two Russians and one Ukrainian were killed at around 21:00 GMT by armed men who emerged from the bush.
Slain Russian journalists were reportedly making a documentary about the Wagner Group private military contractor. interfax.ru/world/623325
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From #Pericles to #Trump: A brief history of the West in 21 tweets (including this tweet). Purpose is to show how through the muddled history there is a direct ideological train connecting Western Civ that is meaningful to talk abt. Obvs lots is missing. it's a tweetstorm. (1/21)
753 BCE: A little town called #ROME is founded on the banks of the Tiber in #Italy. It will invent the word Emperor & become the standard for all future western empires. Its language is still used on the seal of the American President, along w/ its symbol of the Eagle. (2/21)
387 BCE: Plato founds his Academy for philosophy in #Athens. In between bouts of mansplaining & homoeroticism they trailblaze the concept of using logic & reason to make sense of the world & develop tools for doing so we still use today. (3/21)
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