Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #BeltAndRoad

Most recents (17)

#TheSleeperHasAwakened #Qpost #QDecode #ParisClimateAgreementExposed PART 1⃣
Q!!Hs1Jq13jV6 12/03/19 (Tue) 12:43:47 No. 88
#ParisClimateAgreementExposed #TheSleeperHasAwakened
#GrandSolarMininum PART 2⃣ Here is the secret agenda behind the PCA. The money is not going to fight AGW, it's for the establishment of mega-farms in the new agricultural zones. Links for articles are in PART 3⃣ below.
Read 26 tweets
#ParisClimateAgreementExposed #TheSleeperHasAwakened
#GrandSolarMininum PART 1⃣ Here is the secret agenda behind the PCA. The money is not going to fight AGW, it's for the establishment of mega-farms in the new agricultural zones. Links for articles are in PART 2⃣ below.
#ParisClimateAgreementExposed #TheSleeperHasAwakened
#GrandSolarMininum PART 3⃣ Noticing a trend of the land grabs? Not so much in the Northern Hemisphere. They know what is coming and have been purchasing accordingly.

newsecuritybeat.org/2011/07/in-rus…

farmlandgrab.org/post/view/2103…
Read 12 tweets
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐀𝐱𝐢𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐖𝐨𝐫𝐥𝐝

As the US media breathlessly reports on anything involving Russia, and diligently provides air cover for China, one nation has positioned itself to be the axis of the 21st Century's balance of power:

Turkey.

BIG thread ahead.
While Turkey has mostly vanished from the average Westerner's consciousness, the Turks themselves hold one of the most interesting and storied histories of any peoples on earth.

Like any great empire, some of that history is incredible, and some is horrific.

2/
Any discussion of modern Turkey necessarily begins with their reign over Central Asia as the Ottoman Empire.

Spanning five centuries, the Ottomans held a vise grip on the routes between the East and West, benefiting politically, economically, and militarily.

3/
Read 51 tweets
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐔𝐤𝐫𝐚𝐢𝐧𝐞 𝐏𝐫𝐨𝐛𝐥𝐞𝐦

You may have heard, Ukraine has been in the news lately.

But the real game of interest is not the impeachment proceedings.

It involves a company few Americans have heard of, China, Russia, and some aircraft engines.

Thread.
Ukraine, one-time Soviet nation and now Russian adversary, has a complicated history little-understood in the West.

While it is was once primarily known as a major agricultural region, it also has a few tricks up its sleeve.

Especially, the defense sector.

2/
Now, this thread will unavoidably get deep into the weeds.

Like one of my previous threads about China and animal feed, there are wheels within wheels, intricately tied back to one another.

I'll endeavor to keep it concise and clear.

3/
Read 48 tweets
𝐎𝐊 𝐁𝐨𝐨𝐦𝐞𝐫

One of the most important instruments of "great power" policy is the subsurface naval fleet.

These deadly predators are both fascinating and little-understood outside of Hollywood depictions.

China has been sinking billions into them.

Here's why.

Thread.
A modern subsurface fleet is tasked with performing numerous roles:

1. Nuclear deterrent
2. Patrols
3. Surface fleet protection
4. Attacking enemy surface vessels
5. Land attack
6. Surveillance
7. Covert insertion/recovery of human assets

2/
Submarines offer a modern navy a fully three-dimensional arsenal.

The threat to an adversary of a silent killer sliding into a theater of operations and being able to sink any vessel, launch missiles inland, or unexpectedly ruin the best battle plan, is a major deterrent.

3/
Read 34 tweets
𝐌𝐢𝐬𝐬𝐢𝐥𝐞𝐬, 𝐑𝐮𝐥𝐞𝐬, 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐇𝐢𝐝𝐝𝐞𝐧 𝐖𝐚𝐫

Treaties and agreements are how nation-states have historically brokered an uneasy peace.

What happens when everyone abides by the agreement except one?

We may find out the hard way.

Thread.
In late January 2019, China released footage showing off it's devastating new intermediate-range ballistic missile, the Dongfeng ("East Wind") DF-26.

Highlighted in my thread about the South China Sea, the DF-26 has been dubbed the "Guam Killer".



2/
And while it's an impressive piece of hardware, it has no known secret sauce that the US is baffled by, or incapable of building for itself.

Its range and versatility is its only truly-special characteristic.

And yet, not a single NATO nation has anything like it.

Why?

3/
Read 30 tweets
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐂𝐨𝐥𝐨𝐫𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐒𝐞𝐚

The US Navy has been one of the critical pillars upholding American influence around the world.

It's been so dominant, in fact, that America has basically controlled the global commons for 60 years.

All of that is changing.

Thread.
Crucial to understand is that there are three broad types of maritime military operations:

Brown Water: riverine/inland
Green Water: littoral (coastal)
Blue Water: open sea (no land anywhere)

Cost, manpower, and defense strategy dictate how nations construct their navies.

2/
Blue-water navies are the most expensive, requiring capital ships, supporting vessels, long supply chains, and permanent operating bases scattered around the globe.

They must be able to project force AND defend themselves by air, on water, and underwater.

3/
Read 35 tweets
𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐔𝐧𝐬𝐢𝐧𝐤𝐚𝐛𝐥𝐞 𝐀𝐢𝐫𝐜𝐫𝐚𝐟𝐭 𝐂𝐚𝐫𝐫𝐢𝐞𝐫

The US military, for all of its might, still faces physical limits of distance and time.

Control of key landmasses enables logistical operations at scale.

The US has one of the most important. China wants it.

Thread.
More than 1,700 km from the nearest mainland (India), Diego Garcia is the largest island in the Chagos Archipelago.

Originally discovered by the French in 1790, the British took control in the 1800's.

For NATO countries, it is an indispensible piece of the global puzzle.

2/
Nicknamed "Dodge" by American military personnel, DG has been the single point of failure for NATO operations anywhere in the Indo-Pacific theater stretching back to its buildout in 1980.

Its location and infrastructure are what make it irreplaceable.

3/
Read 35 tweets
𝐎𝐧 𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐒𝐨𝐮𝐭𝐡 𝐂𝐡𝐢𝐧𝐚 𝐒𝐞𝐚

All war is about terrain and resources - these are the raw materials of power.

And when multiple entities decide they MUST control a certain place or asset, conflict is inevitable.

One such place is the South China Sea.

Let's go.

1/
The South China Sea is the geographic location that is keeping the brightest and most connected military thinkers awake at night.

Sprawling 3.5 million sq km, the SCS is a shared body of water touching multiple key nations, and is a critical chokepoint for global trade.

2/
Approximately 1/3 of the value of all global trade (~$3 trillion/yr) transits the SCS.

It is the main route for all Chinese on-water trade to Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.

Many shipments to/from the Americas must also transit the SCS.

(Live map of marine traffic)

3/
Read 38 tweets
𝐂𝐡𝐢𝐧𝐚 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐏𝐫𝐨𝐭𝐞𝐢𝐧

The axis of the world turns upon control of four resources:

Protein
Water
Energy
Firepower

The first is the subject of this thread.

China's enormous population demands massive amounts of protein.

And a war is on for it.

1/
Christmas Eve 2013, panicked calls to logistics managers working in the grain industry began flooding in.

Without notice, China had banned the import of any corn or corn co-product that contained more than a tiny trace of Syngenta's MIR162 transgenic trait.

2/
MIR162 (trade name "Viptera") was in its first full year of mass market release, spanning many hybrids of corn.

The trait is designed to kill insects that feed on corn plants, particularly various worms and corn borers.

These insects can devastate a farmer's bottom line.

3/
Read 30 tweets
In the past few days, I've highlighted how China's #BeltandRoad Initiative (BRI) has been a trojan horse since 2013 for securing critical geopolitical footprints and resources throughout Eurasia, Africa, and South America.

Three days ago, the US finally responded.

Thread.
Prerequisite:

This thread introducing BRI and @seanmcfate's critical concept of #durabledisorder from "The New Rules of War."

2/

There are two key distinctions between BRI and the US' new Blue Dot Network:

1. The US project is explicitly promoting transparent lending practices that favor the prime stakeholder

2. This is a savvy play by @realDonaldTrump, deeper than building infrastructure-as-leverage

3/
Read 24 tweets
Soumaya, here is a thread regarding our article on China's broader ambitions with the #beltandroad initiative in terms of the trade legal order. The article is here papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cf…. It shows why the trade war will not "be easy to win." @ChadBown @rodrikdani @howserob
The paper explains China’s growing web of finance, trade, and investment initiatives involving memorandum of understandings, contracts, and trade and investment treaties through which it is creating a Sino-centric order in which the Chinese state plays a nodal role.
This model builds from China’s internal development strategy during the 2000s, starting with the financing of infrastructure as part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, which Chinese companies build using Chinese standards.
Read 10 tweets
I’ll be live-tweeting the @FletcherSchool #WeaponizedInterdependence conference on this thread. You can watch the conference live on WebEx using the following link:
ow.ly/LrCO50wGxOR.
The first panel is on cyberspace, chaired by @NadiyaKostyuk, features Susan Landau, Pasha Sharikov, Martha Finnemore, and @NTusikov. #weaponizedinterdependence
Susan Landau points out that there are chokepoints on the Internet that the United States is not exploiting, because for not it’s not in its interest to do so. Might that change in the future? You betcha. #weaponizedinterdependence
Read 49 tweets
Why frequent confusion about China's Belt & Road Initiative?
Answer: Failure to understand Chinese domestic politics

At @ForeignAffairs I highlight 2⃣domestic drivers 🚘 of #BRI #BeltandRoad

Paywall-wall 🆓 this week

fam.ag/2WZj17X
The confusion surrounding BRI defies a stereotype of China’s leadership as strategic and coherent.

Because China is an autocracy, many assume that its leaders formulate farsighted grand strategies, which subordinates work to faithfully execute.
❎❎❎

🇨🇳 Chinese regime is FAR FROM COHERENT

National agendas are formulated at top & proclaimed by leaders...

Yet implementation is left to a litany of committees, ministries & local governments, tasked with translating grand vision into concrete policies and projects
Read 15 tweets
🤼‍♂️IN-FIGHTING🤼‍♀️

Russian hackers were 'in a position' 2 alter FL voter rolls: Spearphishing.

Former Sen. Bill Nelson says FL hacking claims vindicated by Mueller Report

OCR’d Searchable Mueller Report provided by Internet Archive

Audio Version of Mueller Report
🤼‍♂️IN-FIGHTING2🤼‍♀️

Mueller Prosecutors: tRUmp DID obstruct justice.

FBI Warns of Russian Interference in 2020 Race + boosts counterintelligence operations.

Psychiatrists say Mueller Report offers more proof of tRUmp's 'unfitness'.

No collusion? - Read between lines.
🤼‍♂️IN-FIGHTING3🤼‍♀️

NRA President 2 step down as NY's AG investigates.

NRA leadership fight spills N2 public.

NRA suspends top lawyer as infighting roils group.

Shooting at CA synagogue leaves 1 dead, 3 injured in what mayor calls 'hate crime' that 'will not stand.'
Read 60 tweets
Word that @WhiteHouse plans to nominate #DavidMalpass to run the @WorldBank has several implications, which I'll touch on in this thread.
First, Bank staff will reel from the widespread frustration many felt w/Jim Kim's "big ideas" and reform agendas, now likely to be shred.
MORE
Second, Malpass shares many of ideas forwarded by GWBush-appointed @WorldBank leader Wolfowicz, including disdain for globalization, dislike of typically liberal development programs, and little respect for the expertise of Bank economists. He's on record anti-#WTO .
MORE
Third, Malpass is cut more from the cloth of Reagan than #Trump , which in the scheme of things is good news. But he shares @POTUS disdain for Xi's #beltandroad economic scheme and sees China as a threat. This could set the WB in >er competition w/China Development Bank.
MORE
Read 6 tweets
🌏Trump’s Indonesia Project🌎

AND

China’s BELT and ROAD INITIATIVE

Trump Indonesia project latest stop on China’s Belt and Road

H/T @weRtroydavis
japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/05/1…
A billion-dollar Indonesian real estate development with ties to U.S. President Donald Trump has become the latest project in China’s globe-spanning Belt and Road infrastructure project — just as Washington and Beijing are tussling over trade.
japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/05/1…
A subsidiary of Chinese state-owned construction firm Metallurgical Corporation of China (MCC) signed a deal with Indonesia’s MNC Land to build a theme park outside Jakarta as part of the ambitious project
japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/05/1…
Read 21 tweets

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