Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Ottoman

Most recents (24)

#Thread #OTD Sultan Abdülhamid Khan II was born, The reformist "founder of Modern Turkey" Sultan ruled & kept ailing #OttomanEmpire strong fr 33 yrs. One f the Global Icons of Muslim Ummah in Modern era, seen as one of the Caliphs who tried to return Caliphate to Islamic roots.
Among the #Ottoman sultans, #Abdülhamid used the title of #caliph the most. He encouraged Islamic Identity, telling Muslims living under European powers to unite into one polity. He attempted to expand Islam by sending religious teachers as far away as South Africa and Japan. Image
Sultan emphasized the Empire's "Islamic" character, reasserted his status as the Caliph, and called for #MuslimUnity behind the Caliphate. He succeeded briefly in reasserting Islamic power. This threatened several European Colonial Powers Like Austria, Russia, France, & Britain. Image
Read 27 tweets
Thread: 3 September 2022: Day 192 of #Russia's invasion of #Ukraine
Latest @DefenceHQ update: #Ukraine's "offensive operations" around #Russian-occupied Kherson advance "on a broad front". The operation has "limited immediate objectives", but exploits Russia's weaknesses, and forces Moscow into a choice over deployment of its stretched forces.
Essentially an "Honest Trailers" version of a Russian recruitment video.
Read 36 tweets
1. I'm no #Assad fan. He is a brutal dictator who used chemical weapons on his own people. But we learned what happens if you destroy a nation's defense force after defeating dictators in #Germany and in #Iraq. What comes is either subjugation to a predator like the USSR or chaos
2. in the form of something like #Daesh. The #Turkish attack on the Syrian #Arab Republic forces near #Kobane is an act of an aggressor nation seeking to subjugate #Syria so it can commit genocide against #Yazidi, #Kurds and #Christians. @NATO cannot permit #Erdogan to hold
3. our collective morality and best interests hostage while he uses #Finland and #Sweden's accession as means to extort complicity in his crimes. Tell #Erdogan if he attacks Syria every member of @NATO will terminate their #Article5 obligations to #Turkey and cast the neo-
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The drill ship #AbdulHamidHan, #Erdogan’s latest vanity project in a country where 15 million people suffer from hunger, was launched yesterday. But who was #AbdulHamid after whom the vessel was named? A thread on the #BloodySultan and the #HamidianMassacres by #theHELC 1/12
Abdul Hamid II was Sultan of the #Ottoman Empire from 1876 to 1909. During his reign, unrest amongst his oppressed subjects in the #Balkans and Asia Minor intensified. His barbaric response would culminate in the massacres of #Armenians and #Assyrians of 1894–1896 2/12
After #Turkey’s defeat in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878, it was agreed in the conference of #Berlin that Russia would evacuate the Armenian populated territories of the Ottoman Empire in return for the implementation of reforms to protect the local population 3/12
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Turkey's leaders are taking a break from enabling #Russia against #NATO and ethnic cleansing Syria’s #Kurds to launch absurd claims and empty threats against Greek islands. We take a look at the painful history of Turkish rule on one of them: a thread on #Chios from #theHELC 1/10
The history of the Greeks in Chios goes back more than 3,000 years reaching to #Minoan and #Mycenaean times. Chios is the most likely birthplace of #Homer and had its own coins and democratic parliament by 600 BC. Its famous wine was exported from the Black Sea to #Egypt 2/10
The islanders sided with Athens and then #Alexander the Great against Persia and continued to prosper under first the #Roman and then the Eastern Roman (#Byzantine) Empire. The famous #mosaics of Nea Moni monastery are considered a masterpiece of Byzantine art 3/10
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Now Out in Paperback! “#China Goes to #Sea: #Maritime Transformation in Comparative Historical Perspective”…

@NavalWarCollege @ChinaMaritime is proud to publish this new version w/ @NavalInstitute @USNIBooks!

Come for the #maps, stay for the #history...
Honored to have #JonathanSpence’s endorsement:

“The maritime #history of #China has long been a neglected field..China Goes to Sea bring[s] that knowledge-gap to an end..will be an indispensable companion to those readers seeking to understand where China’s navy may be heading.”
As European #naval powers & even the @USNavy struggle with ship numbers, #China has gone to #sea.

Represents the reversal of a great historical trend that began 600 years ago, when China withdrew from the seas & European naval expansion spread Western influence around the globe.
Read 34 tweets
On this day (June 26th 1579), following the footsteps of his ancestors, #Mughal Emperor Akbar, personally recited the Friday khutbah (religious sermon).

#Akbar declared himself as "Padishah i Islam", much like his Timurid ancestors Shah Rukh Mirza & Ulugh Beg Mirza.
This was by no means surprising, for the Timurid's followed the notion of sacred kingship, that is, the monarchs reign was bestowed by God, that the monarch was the shadow of God on earth (zil-i-ilahi), & a guide of God's creation. Moreover, Emperor #Humayun in a dispatch to
#Ottoman Sultan, stressed that whilst he (Suleiman) was the Caliph across his domains, the Timurid-Mughals were the rightful Caliphs of Hind & Sindh & no other external entity has the right to such a claim.

What Akbar issued was no different to what his ancestors had practiced
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We Need To Protect #Türkiye From Suffering The Same Fate As #Andalusia !

By Yusuf Kaplan


#Islam #Erdoğan #Muslims #Ummah #OttomanEmpire #OsmanlıKhilafat #TheGreatOttomanState
Modern history represents how the #Secularist & #Capitalist #Europe was established while Islam & #IslamicCivilization was grounded to a halt .
After centuries of painful experiences Europe finally realized that it would establish itself on the stage of history unless it shattered the world-guiding global siege of Islamic civilization .
Read 36 tweets
(1/11) This term, I’ve taught a seminar @IslamicSt_UniFR called “Little Ice Ages and Mighty Microbes. What Environmental History Can Tell Us about the #MiddleEast”. These are some of the things that I’ve learned. A thread. #twitterstorians #environmentalhistory
(2/11) The Arab invasion of #Iran led to a cotton boom – until the 11th century. Then a “big chill” made agriculture detract. Leading Sunni scholars moved elsewhere &bimportant madrasas closed. This helped to eventually convert Iran into Shi’i-majority lands in the 16th century.
(3/11) The “golden age” of the Ottoman Empire saw the conquest of Egypt. With grain (incl. rats/fleas) now being shipped in huge quantities from Alexandria to #Istanbul, the capital became a constant “plague hub” (which, in turn, dramatically increased Ottoman medical knowledge).
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1) Let’s talk about #Nakhichevan - a lost homeland. ImageImageImageImage
2) The the name "Nakhichevan" in #Armenian literally means "the place of first descent", a Biblical reference to the descent of Noah's Ark on the adjacent Mount #Ararat. Armenian tradition says that Nakhichevan was founded by Noah. Image
3) The region was at the center of the ancient Kingdom of #Armenia (858 BC-428 CE). During the invasion by Sassanid #Persian Shah Shapur II (r. 309-379) he removed 2,000 Armenian and 16,000 #Jewish families from #Nakhichevan (360-370 CE). ImageImage
Read 63 tweets
It's my last day before two weeks off, so yay! To celebrate, here's something for the #calligraphy nerds out there. Or 14157 is Silsile-i Hattatin, an #Ottoman #Turkish genealogy of calligraphers in Muslim-majority West Asia. ImageImageImageImage
We know that this work was created in the late 19th century because it presents a narrative of calligraphic practice that runs from the Prophet İsmail down to Ali Namık, who died in 1283 AH (1866-67 CE). ImageImageImageImage
The text is complete with various anecdotes about the history of #calligraphy and the biographies of various calligraphers. My favourite part about the manuscript is the way that the author organizes the data and uses the pages, making the most of the flow of the text. ImageImageImageImage
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Let's start a #Serbian & #Yugoslav map thread.
Here I'll share the best material I compiled over 3 years about the #History of #Serbia & #Yugoslavia.
Let's start with a map of companies implanted in SFR.Yugoslavia.🏭
57 are detailed in the link provided.👇… Image
2. Here comes a #Yugoslav map for foodies.
Unlike for companies, the destruction of #Yugoslavia didn't change the local specialties, which remain the delight of all locals & visitors.
#Meatlovers are like fish in water there, & back in #France I dearly miss ćevap & pljeskavica!🥺 Image
3. Here are 2 pseudo #tourism-maps of #Yugoslavia, respectively made by locals & #Americans.
I wish we helped, as requested, to conserve & protect this #beauty.🕯️
As a citizen of a #NATO country, & especially as a #French, I'm sorry we didn't, even if most of this still exists.🙏 ImageImage
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A thread tentang rumitnya hubungan #Turki & #Rusia.

@Soviet_Foxtrot @sarifidris @johny2b @VeritasArdentur @EvanLaksmana @kontekstualcom
#Turkey #Russia #Erdogan #Putin #Syria #War #Azerbaijan #Armenia
Turki dan Rusia telah menjalin hubungan diplomatik selama 500 tahun. Namun, sejarah panjang keduanya ternyata didominasi oleh cerita - cerita seperti intrik, saling curiga, konflik, hingga perang.
Ketegangan di antara keduanya, telah dimulai sejak era antara Kekaisaran Ottoman dan Tsar Rusia. Hal itu bisa dilihat dari catatan sejarah yang menorehkan peperangan antar keduanya pada abad 17 hingga 19.
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1️⃣ #Erdogan implied that #Jerusalem belongs to #Turkey, referring to the #OttomanEmpire’s control over the city for much of the modern era. “In this city, we had to leave in tears during the #FirstWorldWar, it is still possible to come across traces of the #Ottoman resistance.
2️⃣ So #Jerusalem is our city, a city from us,”. “Our first #qibla [direction of prayer in #Islam] #alAqsa and the #Dome of the #Rock in Jerusalem are the symbolic #mosques of our faith. In addition, this city is home to the holy places of #Christianity and #Judaism.”
3️⃣ #Jerusalem has been the capital of #Israel since the country’s founding, and the #Jewish people have thousands of years of history in the city, backed up by extensive archaeological finds.
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Imam Ahmed/Gragn

This is a very short biography of Imam Ahmed bin Ibrahim Algazi /Ahmed Gragn by the well known history professor Lapiso G Delebo.

Enjoy #Ethiopia #Islam #Muslim

What’s his name and why do people call him Gragn?
Who Imam Ahmed really is? Where’s he from? Was he #Ethiopian ?
#Shewa #Harla #Somali #Ottoman #ShowaSultanate #IfatSultanate #WalashmaDynasty #AdalSultanate
Read 12 tweets
1/4 An extreme rare and widely unknown event of #humanity during the #SmyrnaHolocaust. In #Smyrna, now #Izmir the #Greek and #Armenian #Christian residents were forced to the docks to escape, many though met their deaths, the #Japanese ship Tokei Maru was one of the first to help
2/4 At the time, some Allied warships were in the harbor, along with many merchant ships. But most of them refused to pick up refugees. Amidst all the chaos, a #Japanese freighter was reported to have unloaded all its precious cargo to take on as many refugees as it could
3/4Tokei Maru rescued many #Greeks and #Armenians in the face of Chaos, loss of cargo and reported threats. The bravery of the Tokei Maru and her crew is to be admired, an act of #humanityoverhatred. Smyrna was almost completely burned and it's #Christians exiled and exterminated
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Delighted to see #Jewish businessman Simon Arzt’s department store is renovated.
Another small, but significant step, towards restoring tolerance in #Egypt
Of course, this is #Egypt that Tamara and Co. know nothing about!
Another great renovation project is completed in #Egypt.
The iconic #Sednaoui department store in the heart of #Cairo is now open.
Founded by a #Greek Catholic who escaped #Ottoman oppression
It looks so cool ♥️
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4 covers of "Le Petit Journal" dedicated to #Serbia in WW1. (1/2).
Courtesy of, found on a Tweet that I cannot find again, hence RT. ImageImageImageImage
4 more covers of "Le Petit Journal" dedicated to #Serbia in WW1. (2/2).
Courtesy of, found on a Tweet that I cannot find again, hence RT. ImageImageImageImage
3. These 8 covers show pro-Serbian feeling & encouragements pushed in #Paris during #WW1.
At the time, #France was trying to obtain the establishment of a #Balkan front in order to help #Serbia, pincer #Quadruplice & alleviate Western front.
80,000 French died there.
And we won.. ImageImageImageImage
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#manuscripts #Shii #PositiveLaw #fiqh for much of the middle period through the #Safavid period the main text for the introductory study of the law was al-Lumʿa al-Dimashqīya of the #FirstMartyr #ShahīdAwwal Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad Ibn Makkī al-Jizzīnī al-ʿĀmilī (d. 1384) 1/
#ShahīdAwwal famously wrote this work in prison in Damascus - and there has always been a sense that he may have had some links with the #Shii #Sarbadar rulers of Khurasan for whom he may have written it as a manual to implement… 2/ Image
On #ShahīdAwwal the #Shia of Syria and his execution see this excellent article by Stefan Winter in the #MamlukStudiesReview… 3/
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1/n Do you know what Janissaries are?

They were the main reason for the fall of Constantinople. They were elite forces of #Ottoman Empire comprised of young Christian boys which were captured by #Turkish Army from Christian states.

2/n This means Islamic #Sultan destroyed Christians rule and ended the #Byzantine Empire which lasted nearly 1,500 years by the help of Christian boys.

They were the same forces which conquered and turned the #HagiaSophia into a mosque.
3/n The Janissaries were elite fighters that formed the Ottoman Sultan's household troops, personal bodyguards and the first modern standing army in Europe. The number grew from 20,000 in 1575, to 49,000 (1591), dropped to a low of 17,000 (1648), then rebounded to 135,000 in 1826
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Let's explore a bit further East and browse our exquisite #Persian language resources.
@SOASLibrary has 15,000+ published items in/about Persian on its shelves.
@SOAS_SpecColl hold a very fine selection of manuscripts, rare books, periodicals and archives in Persian.
#SOASLangs ImageImageImage
Want to know more about #Persian?
Halt here and get's captivated by the history of that beautiful language recounted by Narguess Farzad for @SOAS Languages for Lockdown series, in 3 episodes:
One of our shining stars of #Persian manuscripts is Ms10102: a sumptuous Mughal Court copy dated 978 AH (1570 CE) of the famous Anvār-i Suhaylī (Lights of the Canopus) by Ḥusayn Vāʻiẓ al-Kāshifī, also known as Fables of Bidpai.
#SOASLangs #Persian #Manuscripts #Mughal ImageImage
Read 49 tweets
#IslamicPhilosophy #manuscripts #autograph of Mullā Naʿīmā Ṭāliqānī (d. 1748) on the margins of a codex of Mullā Ṣadrā's Sharḥ Hidāyat al-ḥikma first copied in 1666 MS 151 Kitābkhāna-yi Namāzī-yi Khūy 1/ Image
Mullā Ṣadrā's commentary on al-Abharī (d. 1265) Avicennian compendium Hidāyat al-ḥikma was very popular already soon after his death and disseminated into #Ottoman and #Mughal contexts soon after 2/
Ṭāliqānī famously survived the sack of Isfahan by the Afghans in 1722 and wrote his summary of the metaphysics of Mullā Ṣadrā in exile in Qum - entitled Aṣl al-uṣūl 3/
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These photos are from a visit ten years ago to the ruins of al-Zeeb, a Palestinian village on the shores on the Mediterranean, north of Acre and very close to the border with Lebanon. For #NakbaDay, here’s a bit of al-Zeeb’s history 1/10
In the #Ottoman period al-Zeeb pops up in a few archival records. Tax documents from the 16th century show a typical northern Palestinian village growing various grains, its fields ploughed by water buffalo, and a variety of other produce like fruit and honey 2/10
In 1693 the #Ottoman scholar ‘Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi stopped in al-Zeeb on his way to Acre. After a dangerous journey, he received a warm welcome from the village notables. He wrote a poem, punning on the fact that ‘zeeb’ sounds like the word for ‘wolf’ (dh’ib) in Arabic: 3/10
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Wishing #Ramadan mubarak to all those observing the holy month/ Ramazan ayınız mübarek olsun

In 1896 the #Ottoman newspaper Servet-i Fünun featured a drawing of a mosque adorned with illuminations spelling ‘merhaba’ (hello) to greet Ramadan. But the picture came with a story...
Inside is a piece by the newspaper’s editor, Ahmed İhsan. He loved the atmosphere and meaning of Ramadan, so he decided to write a reflection on the holy month in his newspaper. I’ll let him tell his own (slightly edited for space) story:
Kalemi kağıdı elime almış, muhterem karilerime bir ramazan sohbeti yazayım demiştim.

I picked up my pen and paper, and said to myself that I’d write a Ramadan note to my esteemed readers.
Read 15 tweets

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