Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Ottoman

Most recents (5)

In May 1911, the #Ottoman parliament debated the issue of Zionism in Palestine. One of the MPs, the Armenian deputy for Erzurum, Ohannes Varteks Efendi, made a speech calling for tolerance & forcefully arguing against sectarian violence. Heckled by other MPs as he spoke, he said:
‘When we say things here [about the Jews], the ill-educated people out there, coming across a Jew, will say, “The Jews are traitors!” They used to say this about the Armenians.’

The people will learn by example from your words, he warned- a warning all too relevant today.
Varteks Efendi held memories of the 1890s massacres of Armenians, arguing that if there were violence in Palestine or elsewhere, Armenians too would be victims. But a fellow MP insisted that they were not capable of such barbarism, that such violence was part of a despotic past
Read 6 tweets
The menōrah is a characteristic symbol of #Judaism. The six-branched lamp stand with a seventh central lamp was reportedly already present when the Israelites crossed into Samaria (#Canaan) and pitched their tabernacle tent in the town of Shiloh during the late 2nd millennium BC.
The #Hebrew name menōrah is related to the word נור (nōr), meaning light, made feminine (by means of the post-fixed ה) and prefixed with the particle מ, which denotes a noun of place. It literally means lamps-stand and is closely connected to the #Arabic word منار (manār).
In Exodus 25:31-32, God reveals the design of the menōrah to Moses: "Make a lamp stand of pure gold. (...) Six branches are to extend from the sides of the lamp stand; three on one side and three on the other." It was to light the tabernacle tent and the Temple of Jerusalem.
Read 39 tweets
I'm starting a new thread on the naẓar amulet for protection against the Evil Eye. Now, the Evil Eye and the symbolism surrounding it is a widely acknowledged and historically relevant phenomenon across many cultures, so I'm just going to focus on the blue-eyed glass talismans.
Our journey starts in ancient #Mesopotamia, where 100s of votive figures were found in the excavation of the temple of Tell Brak. The most exclusive feature of these idols were their eyes. These amulets go back to 3300 BC and are the oldest eye amulets discovered.
The Evil Eye is a common term to refer to a specific curse being cast, intentional or unintentional, by the jealous looks of others towards the success of the one they envy. The ocular amulet is than in fact the charm meant to ward off the true Evil Eye.
Read 25 tweets
These Moroccan coins feature the so-called Seal of Solomon, often depicted as a hexagram, similar to the Star of David. The coins are dated respectively 1271 A.H. (1855) and 1290 A.H. (1873/4), minted by king 'Abd al-Raḥmān and his successor, Muḥammad IV of #Morocco.
The Seal of Solomon is the signet ring attributed to the Abrahamic king/prophet Solomon. It is said that Solomon used this ring to control the spirits and animals. The design as a hexagram is often depicted on medieval #Islamic banners, coins, drinking-cups or in mosques.
According to the Catalan Atlas (1375), the two Anatolian beyliks of respectively Karaman and Candar featured a Seal of Solomon on their flags. The symbol was popular among the Turkish beyliks, and was later used by the #Ottomans in their mosque decorations.
Read 66 tweets
Turks commemorate the death of a #GREAT leader who saved #Turkey from collapsing. The country was about to fall to Greeks before 1922, but this #BRAVE man formed Free Turkish Army - which was joined by millions of Turks - and stood against the enemy. #WWI #AtaturkMemorialDay 1/3
The first thing he did was to educate the illiterate people of Turkey who were suffering from ignorance of #Ottoman Empire. He refused to use Arabic characters for Turkish language and slowly replaced Arabic words with Western ones. The Turks owe this #INCREDIBLE man 2/3
However, when it comes to Kurdish question, he was the #WORST Turkish leader. He even did not recognize them "Kurds", but "mountainous Turks." He initiated the policy of #assimilation and imprisoned thousands of Kurds for political reasons. In this regard, he was a #DICTATOR 3/3
Read 3 tweets

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