Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #urdu

Most recents (10)

Perhaps the best example of #AmalgamationArchitecture and the cultural inclusiveness of #Hyderabad under the Nizam is #OsmaniaUniversity Arts College founded in 1918. It's the 1st Indian university to have Urdu (a modern language) as medium of instruction (as opposed to Persian).
Under the last Nizam, Osman Ali Pasha, #Hyderabad was thriving as a center of learning, innovation and technological advancement, free from the dark shadow of colonialism that gripped most of the Subcontinent. Hyderabad was quite insulated from India...
...and developed its own culture, architectural styles, cuisine, and most importantly, language. People from India were referred to as Hindustani and so was their language. The language of Hyderabad was Dakhani (of Deccan), which is very distinct from Hindi or Urdu...
Read 52 tweets
برطانیہ، قبل از وقت انتخابات کے حوالے سے تھریڈ

برطانیہ میں ایک بار پھر عام انتخابات کی آمد آمد ہے۔
اسی سال 12 دسمبر کو قبل از وقت انتخابات کا انعقاد کیا جائے گا اور عوام اپنا رائے حق دہی استعمال کرے گی.

#GeneralElection19 #brexitriots #Urdu @BBCUrdu
برطانیہ میں انتخابات ہر پانچ سال بعد منعقد کئے جاتے ہیں لیکن آنے والے انتخابات، تقریبا چار سال میں تیسرے انتخابات ہوں گے۔
ان انتخابات میں ووٹرز 650 حلقوں سے ممبرز
آف پارلیمنٹ کا چنائو کریں گے۔

#BrexitDay
#GeneralElection19 #urdu
حالیہ انتخابات میں بریگزیٹ ایشو کو سب سے اہم تصور کیا جارہا ہے اور بظاہر ووٹرز اپنا حق رائے دہی بریگزیٹ کے بارے میں ہی سیاسی جماعتوں کے موقف کو دیکھتے ہوئے استعمال کریں گے۔
لیکن کچھ حلقے نیشنل ہیلتھ سروس سے متعلق معاملات کو بھی اہم تصور کررہے ہیں۔

#GeneralElection19 #Urdu
Read 13 tweets
One of my favourites by the one and only, #JoshMalihabadi - shair-e-inquilab, the poet of revolution as he's called. Thanks @@sirmedmanzoor for digging it up.
It is going to be a #thread for the whole poem. In #Urdu script:
خداوندا سفر دشوار رکھا جائے گا کب تک
میرے جادے کو ناہموار رکھا جائے گا کب تک

ان ابنائے جہالت حاکمانِ زشتِ فطرت کو
میرا آقا، میرا سردار رکھا جائے گا کب تک

مجھے ان جاہلان و سوقیانِ سفلہ پرور میں
خداوندا ذلیل و خوار رکھا جائے گا کب تک
میرے ہیجانِ زرافشانی و ذوقِ سخاوت کو
بغیرِ درہم و دینار رکھا جائے گا کب تک

اور یہ حاصلِ غزل ہے، غور فرمائیے گا:

ارے ان کعبہ و کاشی کے دیوانوں کے نرغے میں
مجھے منجملۂِ کفّار رکھا جائے گا کب تک
Read 5 tweets
Secret Script of Sindhi Merchants
Among the Sindhi language speaking merchants of colonial India a secret script named Hat vāṇikī हट वाणिकी was used to keep accounts & business correspondence. The word "Hat vāṇikī" literally translates as "language of market traders".
This Brahmi based script was related to Khudawadī (another script used by Sindhi merchants) and Gurmukhi, the main difference being, absence of vowels markings (like an Abjad script) in Hat vāṇikī. It was more like a short-hand used by the global diaspora of Sindhi merchants.
An interesting anecdotes related to Hat vāṇikī is - a girl got married & went to live with her in-laws in another city. Some weeks later her in-laws sent a little note in Hat vāṇikī to her family saying that ‘Hiri miri veiahe’(‘She’s doing well’)...
Read 6 tweets
پاکستان خطے میں پشتون حقوق کا علمبردار ہے۔ پاکستان کو 15 سالوں سے افغانستان کی حکومت میں حصہ دینے کی بات کرنے پر سزا دی گئی۔ پشتون تشخص پاکستانی طاقت اور ریاست کا حصہ ہے اور پاکستان پشتون قوم کا حامی ہے، دوسروں نے استعمال کیا ہے۔ دیکھئے احمد قریشی کیا کہا۔
#PTM #MohsinDawar
پشتون قوم کو سیاست اور جنگ میں استعمال روس بھارت ایران اور امریکہ نے کیا۔ پاکستان نے پشتون قوم کی سیاسی wعسکری حمایت کی ۔ یہ پاکستان ہے جس نے پشتون قوم اور افغانستان میں افغان قوم کے حقوق کو زندہ رکھنے میں مدد کی ورنہ دنیا مٹانے پر تلی ہوئی تھی۔
#PTM #PashtunRejectStateTerrorism
پاکستان میں کوئی پشتون حقوق کا مسئلہ نہیں صرف بیانیہ کا مسئلہ ہے جس میں ریاست کمزور ہے۔ پاکستانی ریاست میں بیانیہ کا بحران ہے۔ اتنا بڑا بحران ہے کہ اس کے حل کیلئے بھی فوج کے ترجمان کو میدان میں آنے پڑا، تب جاکر ریاست کا بیانیہ اپنے پیر پر کھڑا ہوا۔
#PTM #MohsinDawar @AQpk
Read 12 tweets
The landmark #SacharCommittee report that collected & analysed data on the social,economic & educational status of Muslims in India is now available in our resource section. Specifically,it tried to gauge if & why Muslims are under-represented in govt departments & other spheres.
Here are some of its findings. ruralindiaonline.org/resources/soci…
The 2001 Census showed that #literacy rates were low among Muslims, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
The perception that religious conservatism among Muslims is a major factor for not accessing #education is incorrect. As with many Indians, the main reason for ‘educational backwardness’ of Muslims is abject poverty, which forces many children to drop out of school.
Read 15 tweets
I feel anxious for my children because tomorrow if mob surrounds them and asks, “Are you a Hindu or a Muslim?” …they will have no answer, says actor #NaseeruddinShah
#Tathya
#Tathya with Apoorvanand
In the context of the Sajjan Kumar conviction in the 1984 genocidal violence against Sikhs, we need to rethink about other incidents of violence that have happened in the country, says Prof. Apoorvanand.
We wish you a #MerryChristmas with the Christian Qawwals of Delhi.
"People look at me and wonder who I really am. I have only one answer for them. I am you," says Bernard Rufus, also known as Sahil Sufi Nizam, a popular singer of Christian Qawwalis.
Read 89 tweets
Revisiting this as I revisit #Hyderabad. The level of pervasive influence #Telugu has had on #Dakhni here is absolutely fascinating, with #Dravidian syntax patterns borrowed. Even echo compound formation is from Dravidian, ie /g/ based - local #Urdu sūṭ gīṭ (suits & the like).
An imp distinction to made here - #Urdu infl on local #Telugu is limited to vocab, while #Dakhni actually shows grammatical convergence with Telugu (#Dravidian syntax patterns etc), a much deeper level of infl, giving us many distinctive #Hyderabadi-isms.

Here's an everyday ex of how #Hyderabadi #Urdu has converged with #Telugu grammatical patterns.

The sūṭ gīṭ ex mentioned earlier is another. #Dravidian langs use /g/to form echo pairs, which #Dakhni uses too - Northern Urdu uses /v/, ex khānā vānā.

Read 3 tweets
While *most* South Asian Muslims use #Persian terms for religious concepts, Muslims in #TamilNadu & #Kerala (who trace their roots to Arab trading communities) have distinct traditions also reflected in their terminology, which freely draws from #Tamil/#Malayalam & #Sanskrit.
Instead of rozā, the #Persian term for Islamic fasting (itself a translation of #Arabic ṣawm) used in #Urdu, #Bengali, #Gujarati etc, #Tamil & #Malayalam speaking Muslims use nōmpu, lit. ceremonial fasting. The word is from a proto #Dravidian root meaning to do penance. #Ramadan
Sanskrit is used too. #Malayalam speaking Muslims commonly refer to #Ramzan as puṇya māsam, #Sanskrit for month of good merit. Nimskāram, the Malayalam counterpart of the #Persian namāz (Islamic prayer), is from #Sanskrit namaskāra (lit. prostratration, here, to a god). #Ramadan
Read 8 tweets
I legit can't get over how linguistically cool #Telangana #Telugu #Dakhni #Urdu bilingualism in #Hyderabad is. Pretty much everyone brought up there seems to speak both. Code switching galore. Unique too, coz the langs (#Dravidian & #IndoAryan) aren't related & it's a metro city.
The native speaker split is almost even, close to 50 50. What's even cooler (& more exciting) is the strong, pervasive influence #Dravidian #Telugu has had on #IndoAryan #Hyderabad's #Dakhni #Urdu - structural, phonological, syntactical, and lexical, basically, on all levels.
Lots of grammatical, syntactical features in #Hyderabad's #Dakhni #Urdu are basically direct translations of #Dravidian patterns in #Telugu. The local Telugu dialect however, only features loans from Dakhni - clearly a *highly* asymmetrical #languagecontact relationship.
Read 4 tweets

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