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Souvik Mukherjee @svmke1
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1/ Manu (The progenitor of Humankind)
All different races of Mankind are derived from Manu and Shradha. The current Manu is Vaivasvata Manu.
2/ The word Manu literary means man but it is a title given to the progenitor of mankind. According to Hindu Puranas there are many kalpas (One day of Lord Brahma the creator) and each Kalpa has 14 manvantara and each manvatara has one manu. So basically each Kalpa has 14 Manus.
3/ The current manu of the present manvantara is Shraddhadeva or Vaivasvata Manu of this current Kalpa. He is the son of Vivasvat (Probably Surya) and is therefore also known as Manu-vaivasvata.
4/ Shraddhadeva(Vauvasta Manu) had ten children(varies a bit in some Puranas):

-Vena
-Dhrishnu
-Narishyan
-Nabhaga
-Ikshvaku
-Karusha
-Saryati
-Ila
-Prishadhru
-Nabhagarishta
5/ Besides these, Manu had fifty other sons on Earth. But we heard that they all perished, quarrelling with one another. The Vedas and Puranas mainly deal with two of Manu's children Ikshvaku and Ila. Information of other progenies may have been lost, stolen, and destroyed...
6/ From Ikshvaku came the #Solar dynasty to which Lord Ram belongs and from Ila comes the #LUNAR dynasty to which Lord Krishna belongs.
Also, the Vedas mainly talks about the lunar dynasty and particularly five descendants of Ila. They were:
-Puru
-Anu
-Dhruyu
-Yadu
-Turvasu
7/ Ila's descendents were Pururava. Then from Pururava came Ayu, from Ayu came Nahusa, from Nahusa came Yayati.

Yayita had two wives Devayānī who was the daughter of Śukrācārya (Guru of the Asuras) and Śarmiṣṭhā (daughter of Asura king Vrishaparva).
8/ Yadu & Turvasu were the sons of Devayānī. Druhyu, Anu and Puru were the sons of Śarmiṣṭhā. From Yadu's came dynestires like Vrisi, Yadava. From Dhruyu's came Gandhara dynasty. From Anu's came Anava dynasty. From Puru's came Bharata, Kuru dynasties.
9/ Turvasu dynasties are lesser known. Present day, perhaps, the Central Asian and Europeans are the descendants, which result due to Dhruyu migration out of India (BharatVarsh) thousands of years ago.
10/ The Greeks, Iranians, Armenian , Anatolians (Turky) are the descendants which result due to Anu migration out of India (BharatVarsh) thousands of years ago.
11/ Another two important dynasty i.e. the Ayodhya dynesty and Videha dynasty came from Ikshvaku (Brother of Ila).
12/ Vedas had 1131 branches, out of them, we have only eleven and half branches as of now!!!! Lost, robbed, stolen, & destroyed in the influence of time. Homage to the Vedic Rishis and the great ancestors for preserving the remnants of eternal knowledge.
13/ It was an oral tradition for aeons after aeons; later the knowledge in ether was finally jotted down in the 7000 BCE or before(old and new parts of hymns and history as we have it now).
14/ Human DNA would have degraded to the low-point & ongoing, that the highest of knowledge can no longer be feasible to be an oral traditions during those times(Maharshis & seers knew that)! Also, even more pineal glands atrophication in Kali, deteriorating mental acuity, etc.
15/ "Druhyu"

The Druhyu & their different sub-tribes are probably the ancestors of central Asian & Europeans. Druhyus migrated to central Asia; later Europe after being defeated in battle by a confederate of the rest of the tribes (Puru,ANu,Yadu,Turvasu). [Refer Talageri's book]
16/ Two outflows of Druhyu #migration were recorded in the Vedas and Puranas. First is their outflow into the areas north of Afghanistan i.e central #Asia and the second took place after Dasarajna #battle..
17/ Various Puranas remembered this ancient migration:

-Vayu Purana 99.11-12
-Brahmanda Purana III.74.11-12
-Matsya Purana 48.9
-Vishnu Purana IV.17.5
-Bhagavata Purana iX.23.14-16
18/ For ex- Vishnu Purana IV.17.5 says...
19/ THE son of Druhyu was Babhru; his son was Setu; his son was Áradwat; his son was Gándhára ;his son was Dharma;his son was Dhrita ;his son was Duryáman ;his son was Prachetas, who had a hundred sons, & they were the princes of the lawless Mlechchhas or barbarians of the north.
20/ Bhagavata Purana iX.23.14-16
Oh master of the universe, Vrishasena was Karna's son. From Druhyu there was a son called Babhru who next begot Setu.Ârabdha who was fathered by him, had the son Gândhâra who begot Dharma....(cont)
21/ He in his turn had the son Dhrita and from Dhrita there was the son Durmada who gave life to the son Pracetâ who had a hundred sons. Those kings [called the Pracetâs] accepted the jurisdiction over the north, the uncivilized areas of Mlecchades'a [of the barbarians]...
22/ Indian tradition generally mentioned Sakas, Huns, Yavanas, Kambojas, Pahlavas, Bahlikas and Rishikas, Indo-Greeks, Scythians as mlecchas. Most of them are of central Asian origin. The migration of Druhyu’s can also be traced in Europe.
23/ The priests of the celts were called Dui or Druids. The priests of the italics were called flamen. The origin of the word flamen is as obscure as some of the assigned gods. Sophus Bugge suggested in 1879 that flamen is from an older *flădmen and related to the Germanic blót.
24/ Both would be derived from a Proto-Indo-European word *bhlād(s)men. Indo-Europeanist Georges Dumézil attempted to link it to the Sanskrit word brahman. This etymology is still controversial.
25/ Also a taboo pertaining to the flamen closely corresponds to the taboos observed by the Brahmans of India. Similarly the Celtic Druids just like in the Vedic tradition involved in years of instruction and memorization of innumerable verses.....
26/ The word like Druh/Drugh/Drogha occurred in RigVeda many times in the sense of demons or enemies. Interestingly, the Greek mythology retains the memory of other priestly class, for example Dryad (Druhyu) or tree nymph.
27/ The word Druhyu appears in other European language but as friends, which is an opposite sense then the Vedas. In Baltic (Lithuania)- Draugas. In Slavic (Russian)- Drug.
28/ And obviously the Celtic Druids. The Great Goddess of the Celts were Ana (Anu), Danu(Celtic Mother Goddess) and Brigit (Bhrgu). Brigit is a deity of learning, poetry, smith craft, and skills just like the Vedic Bhrgu priests.
29/ The Druids remembered the ancient Bhrgu in a mythical sense as a person who originally introduced various priestly rituals.

In Germanic (#gothic )- Druigan
Old #Norse (#Icelandic )-Drott
Old #English - Dryht
Old #German - truht

All means--- multitude, people, army.
30/ The presence of Druhyu occurs as priest, friend, soldier, people in different #European branches clearly correspond with the word in the RigVeda and Avesta where Druhyu/ Druh/Drugh/Drogha and Avestan Druj represents priests, soldiers , & people.
31/ #Indian tradition also remembered people in the land north of the Himalayas who are called Uttarkurus and Uttarmadras. The Aitareya Brahmana(VII.23) treat this land and its people as historical unlike the Mahabharata which treat it in 'mythical ethos'.
32/ The Romans attacked the Druids, destroyed the tribe and stole their religious texts. It may be possible that the political/financial Jewry had acted from behind the scenes, while #Roman tyrants did their dirty works. . .
33/ It's my rational hunch that the #Vatican secret archive hoards the documents of Druids besides many other, or may be in different classified locations of the Druids' documents w.r.t the ancient Vedic traditions are hidden from the public eye.
34/ "Anu"

They were the Proto-Iranians or can be said as the ancestors of the Iranians. As per the Puranas, the original geographical location of the Anu-s was to the north of the Pūru-s: i.e. to the north of the Haryana region: effectively in Kashmir and the western Himalayas.
35/ Later #historical events described in the Puranas see the Anu-s expanding southwards and occupying the erstwhile territory of the Druhyu-s (present-day northern #Pakistan ) whiles the Druhyu-s move out in #Afghanistan . . . . .
36/ The Puranas record that the Anu-s expanded westwards from the "eastern border of the Punjab”: One Anu branch, headed by Uśīnara established several kingdoms on the eastern border of the #Punjab [cont…]
37/ .......his famous son Śivi originated the Śivis [called Śivas in Rigveda VII.18.7] in Śivapura, and extending his conquests westwards […] occupying the whole of the Punjab except the northwestern corner” (PARGITER 1962:264).
38/ After the dāśarājña battle Anu-s moved out of #India and migrated westward. . . .
39/ The importance of this great historical event is that these handfuls of references in just a couple of hymns of the #RigVeda (both in Book 7) provide us the names of the different Anu tribes who united to fight against Sudās and the Bharata-s:
40/ VII.18.5 Śimyu.

VII.18.6 Bhṛgu.

VII.18.7 thePaktha (Pakhtoons), Bhalāna (Baluchis), Alina, Śiva, Viṣāṇin.

VII.83.1 Parśu/Parśava(Persians),, Pṛthu/ Pārthava (Parthians), Dāsa.

Puranic Anus: Madra.
41/ ..and of the king of their alliance, Kavi (Avestan Kauui); of their priest, Kavaṣa(Avestan name, Kaoša). All in all, the two Rigvedic hymns (VII.18, 83),
The Avesta (Vd. I) mentions the Haptahəndu (Saptasindhavah) as one of the sixteen #Iranian lands, past and contemporary.
42/ The #Albanian , #Greek , Thraco-Phrygian/#Armenian , #Iranian are the descendants which results due to Anu migration in the west. . . .
43/ It cannot be a coincidence that every single one of these tribal names, from only two hymns describing a single event, fits in so perfectly with the roster of Iranian, Thraco-Phrygian/Armenian, Greek and Albanian tribal names.
44/ The above named #Iranian tribes include the ancestors of almost all other prominent #historical and modern Iranian groups, such as the Scythians (Sakas), Ossetes and #Kurds , and even the presently Slavic-language speaking #Serbs and #Croats.
45/ #Tribal group which migrates furthest west retains its linguistic identity, while those of that tribe who remain behind or on the way get absorbed into the surrounding linguistic group:
46/ The Śimyu who migrated furthest retained their Albanian identity and dialect (Sirmio), while those among them who settled down on the way got linguistically absorbed into the Iranians (Avestan Sairima, later Sarmatians).
47/ The Alina, who migrated furthest retained their #Greek name and dialect (Alina/Ellene/Hellene), while those among them who settled down on the way got linguistically absorbed into the #Iranians (Alan).
48/ The Bhṛgu who migrated furthest retained their Thraco-Phrygian/Armenian name and dialect (Phryge/Phrygian), while those among them who settled down on the way got linguistically absorbed into the Iranians (their priestly class the Āthrauuan-s), and .....
49/ .....those who remained behind got linguistically absorbed into the Indo-Aryans (as the priestly class of Bhṛgu-s). [The Armenians, in the #Caucasus area, lost the name, but retained their #language much influenced by Iranian].
50/ The Madra who migrated furthest retained their Iranian name and dialect (Mada/Mede/Median), while those who remained behind got linguistically absorbed into the Indo-Aryans (Madra). (refer to Talageri and Wiki).
51/ Daeva(Evil spirit) & Ahura(Good spirit); Deva(Good spirit) & Ashura(Evil spirit)

In Avestan Vendidad 10.9 and 19.43, three divinities of the Vedic pantheon follow Angra Mainyu in a list of #demons :
52/ Completely adapted to Iranian phonology, these are Indra (Vedic Indra), Sarva (Vedic Sarva, i.e. Rudra), and Nanghaithya (Vedic Nasatya). Possibly, because Indra helped the Purus against the Anus in Dasarajna #battle.
53/ However, this classification of Devas and Ashuras as good or bad is not so straight forward both in RigVeda and in Avesta because:-
54/ In the Rigveda (10.124.3), the devas are the "younger gods", in conflict with the asuras, the "older gods". There is no such division evident in the Zoroastrian texts.
55/ And, while in the post-Rigvedic Indic texts the conflict between the two groups of devas and asuras is a primary theme, this is not a theme in the Rigveda or in the Iranian texts, and therefore cannot have been a feature of a common #heritage .
56/ The use of asura in the Rigveda is unsystematic and inconsistent and "it can hardly be said to confirm the existence of a category of gods opposed to the devas". Indeed, RigVedic deva is variously applied to most #gods, including many of the asuras.
57/ Likewise, in the oldest layer, Zoroastrianism's daevas are originally also gods (albeit gods to be rejected); it is only in the younger texts that the word evolved to refer to evil creatures. Zoroastrian ahuras (etymologically related to the Vedic asuras) are shaded vaguely.
58/ Yama is the ancestral king of the Iranians like Manu is the ancestor of the Vedic Indo-Aryan. Interestingly, according to the Puranas, both Manu and Yama are the sons of Surya. .
59/ "Mitanni-Kassite"
They were the people ruling the region of #Syria-#Iraq (Mesopotamia ) around 1700-1500 BCE)..
60/ These people have Vedic #Sanskrit name in their vocabulary and have Vedic deities besides other non-Vedic deities. This group just like the Dhruyus and Anus was also to migrate out from #India .
61/ "Kassite deities"

Bugaš (Possibly Sanskrit Bhaga)
Duniaš (Possibly the Vedic Danavas)
Indaš (Possibly Sanskrit Indra)
Kaššu (Possibly the Vedic Kashyapa and/or Kassapa Buddha)
Maruttaš, Muruttaš, Maraddaš (possibly the Vedic Maruts)

(cont.....)
62/ Saḫ (possibly Sanskrit Sahi or Savitr)
Šuriaš (possibly the Vedic Surya)

And, one Kassite #king named Abhirattash (Vedic Abhiratha)

Mitanni deities
Varuna (Varuna)
Miitra (Mitra)
Indara (Indra)
Nasatya-nna (Nasatya)
Āgnis (Agni)
63/ Other Mitanni words:

āśv-san-ni (Vedic Ashvasana) meaning master horse trainer
Aśva (Vedic ashva) meaning horse
Aika (Vedic eka) meaning one
Tera (Vedic tri) meaning three
Pańća (Vedic pancha) meaning five
Satta (Vedic sapta) meaning seven

(cont...)
64/ Nāva (Vedic nava) meaning nine
Vartanna (Vedic Vartana) meaning round, turn
mani-nnu (Vedic maṇi) meaning bead/gemstone/ornament
papru-nnu (Vedic babhru) meaning brown
parita-nnu (Vedic palita) meaning gray
pinkara-nnu (Vedic piṅgala) meaning reddish brown
65/ -nnu must be a prefix

The common names consist of names having the following prefixes/suffixes: -aśva, -ratha, -sena, -bandhu, -uta, vasu-, ṛta-, priya-, and (as per the analysis of the Indologist P.E.Dumont), also bṛhad-, sapta-, abhi-, uru-, citra-, -kṣatra, yam/yami-:
66/ Biriatti, Mittaratti,Asuratti,Devatti,Indaratti,( atti Sanskrit equivalent attithi)
Biridasva,Biriassuva, (assuva Sanskrit equivalent ashva)
Tusratta (ratta Sanskrit equivalent ratha)
Biriamasda (masda Sanskrit equivalent medha)
Biriasena (sena Sanskrit equivalent sena)
67/ Subandu (bandu Sanskrit equivalent bandhu)
Indarota Yamiuta(ota/uta Sanskrit equivalent uta)
Wasdata WasKanni (Was Sanskrit equivalent Vasu)
Artamna Artatama(ṛta Sanskrit equivalent ṛta)
Biria Biriasura Biriasauma(Biria Sanskrit equivalent priya)
68/ #Capital of the Mitanni empires was Washukanni (Vasukannì)
All these names types’ suffixes/prefixes and words are found only in the later part of the Rig Veda or some common words (very few like babhru, tri) found in older parts also, which are common in all the IE branches.
69/ However name types of these are found only in the new #books & none in the old books. Mitanni therefore belongs to a period of the late RigVeda. Mitanni peoples were speaking neither Vedic Sanskrit nor Indo-Aryan nor Indo-#European language they spoke in non- IE #language .
70/ But having Vedic Sanskrit #names and words points that their #ancestors were Vedic people who migrated out of #India after the composition of new books of the Rig Veda.
71/ Connection with the #Egyptian :

The first Mitanni king was Sutarna I (Sanskrit meaning “good sun”). Mitanni kings were named (who followed Sutarna-I) Paratarna I (Sanskritic meaning “great sun”), Parashukshatra (the Egyptian Parashurama, “ruler with axe”), ......cont
72/ Saukshatra (“son of Sukshatra, the good ruler”), Artatama or Ritadhama (“abiding in cosmic law”), Tushratta, (Dasharatha), and finally Matiwazza (Mativaja, “whose wealth is prayer”) during whose lifetime the Mitanni state was subordinated to #assyria .
73/ The #Daughter of King Artatama was married to Tuthmose IV, Akhenaten’s( Amenhotep IV) grandfather, and the daughter of Sutarna II (Gilukhipa, – “khipa” of these names is the #Sanskrit “kshipa,” night) was married to his father, Amenhotep III (1390-1352 BC), ....cont
74/ the great #Temple builder (alike the focus on temple construction in South East #Asia 1000 years later).

The “Amarna” letters showed there was a significant Indo- #Aryan connection between the #Mitannis and #Egyptians.
75/ One series are letters written by a Mittani king named Tushratta (meaning ” of splendid chariots”, similar to Dashratha meaning ” of ten chariots”) writes to his son-in-law, Amenhotep III, the king of Egypt ( the letter reads much like an Indian father-in-law’s letter will).
76/ Amenhotep married Tadukhepa, Tushratta’s daughter. In these letters Tushrutta reminds Amenhotep, how his father, Thutmose IV had sought marriage seven times, with Tushrutta’s daughter, before this marriage to, Tadukhipa, was agreed upon.
77/ Similarly, in order to marry Hattusil II’s daughter, the Amorite King Putakhi agreed, in the treaty of alliance for a specific clause “to the effect that the sovereignty over the Amorite should belong to the son and descendants of his daughter for evermore”.
78/ Tushrutta’s (was an Indo-Aryan king) ‘grandson’ (son of his son-in-law) became Akhenathen (ekanatha/ऐकःनाथें, 1352-1336 B.C) – who formed a new monotheistic #religion (apart from #Sanskrit , in current #Hindi also, one #God is एकनाथ).
79/ He was one of the first few kings who differentiated between his kingliness and the Godliness of Aten (The One). His chief wife was Nefertiti – who was given an important position – much against the male centred kingdoms and religions that were to follow.
80/ He founded the #city of Akhetaten (The Horizon of the Aten), at the modern Amarna – where these tablets were found. His mother was Tiye. And the name of their eldest daughter – Sita (full name Sita-mun after the #Sun god Amen Ra).
81/ The Patriarchs of Abrahamic religion, #Abraham may have some connection with the Mitanni-kassite. The name Abraham as well his wives Sarah and Hager is kind of an Indo-Aryan type. As you can see, it is Abraham (Brahma/Brahm), Sarah (Sarasvati), & Hagar (Ghaggar).
82/ Abraham was from 'Ur', a region in Mesopotamia. Biblical account places him in around 2200-2000 BCE. It's exactly when Mitanni-kassite, or better to say their Vedic ancestors should be present around that area.
83/ Another striking fact is the name of the Judeo-Christian God "Yahweh". Nobody for sure till now knows the origins and meaning of Yahweh's name. The earliest possible occurrence of Yahweh is a place-name, "land of Shasu of YHW"; . . . . .
84/ the earliest known reference to the Shasu is in a 15th-century BCE list of peoples in Transjordan region. It is used in a list of enemies inscribed on column bases at the temple of Soleb built by Amenhotep III. It was copied later by either Seti I or . . . . .
85/ Ramesses II at Amarah-West, the list mentions six groups of Shasu:

The Shasu of S'rr,
The Shasu of Rbn,
The Shasu of Sm't,
The Shasu of Wrbr,
The Shasu of Yhw,
The Shasu of Pysps.
86/ There are two #Egyptian texts, one dated to the period of Amenhotep III (14th century BCE), the other to the age of Ramesses II (13th century BCE), which refers to 'Yahu in the land of the Šosū-nomads' (t3 š3św yhw3), & yhw3/Yahu is a toponym.
87/ Regarding the name yhw3, Michael Astour observed that the "hieroglyphic rendering corresponds very precisely to the Hebrew tetragrammaton YHWH, or Yahweh, and antedates the hitherto oldest occurrence of that divine name – on the Moabite Stone – by over five hundred years."
88/ Now the word YHVH appears 41 times in 33 of the #RigVeda ’s 1028 hymns ~ in maNDala I (5x), II (2x), III (9x), IV (5x), V (5x), VI (1x), VII (4x), VIII (2x), IX (3x), and X (5x) ~ with forms of the masculine yahva appearing 21 times, and forms of the #feminine yahvI 20 times.
89/ And there are 16 hymns with yahva, 16 with yahvI, and only one with both (RV 3.1) ~ making 33 hymns altogether. So this word YHVH and its derivatives were present in all the Mandalas/ #books of the RigVeda.
90/ The word Yahu,Yahva,Yahvat,the feminine form Yahvi, Yahvati occur several times in the RigVeda. The word YHWH is also found as 'yazu' in Zend Avesta. The appearance of the name was around 15th century BCE as the first mention of similar kind of word YHW in the land of Shasu.
91/ Earliest known reference of this land and people came from Egyptian kings Amenhotep III, who has relation with the Mitannis (King Tushratta ) and Mitannis ancestors who were Vedic people migrated out of India. . . . .
92/ .....were present in that middle eastern region for long time say around 2300-2200 BCE. All of this suggests that the Mitannis may have some influence in the development of Middle #Eastern culture like the Abrahamic #religion.
93/ After all, the Mitannis were not just some nomadic tribes living in the Middle East, they were one of the major #political powers in that region around that time.
94/ Since the ancient times foreign "cultures" copied knowledge from India, and hence monotheistic and polytheistic did not really had any religious significance or insights (till to this day and also hampered India indirectly very much).
95/ It's all about political, dogmatic and financial purpose. They continued their polytheism for centuries, but kept the monotheism (means "State is God") as the reserve.
96/ When the opportunity aroused, it was easy for Mittanis to impart monotheism in #Egypt (Egypt also ripped knowledge from India to build their "civilization") to bring the crooked form of nation-wreaking communism to their doorstep!
97/ You can see a pattern here, I hope, of how a better cheater can surpass an inferior cheater as per universal 'golden' rule!
98/ Egyptian civilization began to fall during 700 BCE or so during when possibly the first foreign attack like the Assyrians empire (Assyria was a major Mesopotamian kingdom) happened, but the process had already started centuries ago as a rational mind can expect. . . . .
99/ "The Rig-Vedic Aryans"

A very controversial & complex concept in #Hinduism is the true understanding of the word "Arya". The term Arya is used 36 times in 34 hymns in the Rig-Veda. The word #Aryan or Arya came from Vedic literature.
100/ In the modern era(process started back in the 1500s by the European-Jewish merchant Filippo Sassetti), this term is equated either with "white supremacist"/ #WhiteSupremacy or "#European blue eye blondes" or merely as "just a noble person" or "non-Indian invaders", etc. . .
101/ Alas, such a sacred term meets with such high level of blasphemy!
102/ There were many tribes mentioned in the Rig-Veda & among them only the Purus who were the actual Aryans of the Rig-Veda. Also especially among the Purus it was the Bharata branch of the Purus who were the actual Aryans.
103/ "According to Manu a child who is born of lust is not an Aryan. The child whose very conception & whose death is according to the rules of the Vedas, such is an Aryan. . . .
104/ . . . Yes, & less of these Aryan children are being produced in every country, & the result is the mass of evil which we call Kali Yuga".

A child born in the Bharata Purus racial lines without lust, Vedic initiation & garbhādhāna-saṁskāra were the Aryans.
105/ Also, the ancient Indian's had great knowledge of trans-dimensional sciences & through proper rituals & penance to the Gods, a child of high-excellence was given as a boon or processes other than copulation (eg. 100 Sons of Gandhari with the Vedic Simulation Process).
106/ #Ancient #India shows us all the facets of existence in excellence & mediocrity: Lifelong Unbroken Brahmacharya(God-individual), four stages of life, getting a child of higher excellence using Vedic rites, lust-based copulations (& race-mixing) & trans-dimensional sciences.
107/ Bharata Purus gave the mankind the founding #civilizations besides spiritual measures, & hence they are considered as the highest of man. Consider the fact that those Aryans, who got self-realization even after giving all sorts of material knowledge to mankind. . .
108/ (actually, the leftover of infinite cosmic bliss) were the highest among the Aryans. Indian Aryans were already the #Highest class of people, but even with that, there is the diversity.
109/ Nonviolence central ideology (#Dharma protecting violence in some cases) & free knowledge for mankind reflects the nobility of higher Aryanism & real India. Every tribe has their own "Aryanism", but Bharata Purus were the true Aryans as the #veda outlines.
110/ Aryans uplifted many others like Jamadagni branch of the Bhrigu's merged in the Bharata Purus & raised the standard of the #world, but that does not mean that the uplifted one should have a false pride to call themselves as Aryan-breed.[Discernment as per rationality]
111/ The Pūru-s are found referred to throughout the Rig-Veda in the first-person sense. They are the "We" of the Rig-Veda: in IV.38.1 & VI.20.10, the Pūru-s are directly identified with the first person plural pronoun. All the Vedic Gods are identified as the Gods of the Pūru-s:
112/ Agni is described as being like a cooling “fountain” to the Pūru-s (X.4.1), a “priest” who drives away the sins of the Pūru-s(I.129.5), the Hero who is worshiped by the Pūru-s (I.59.6), the protector of the sacrifices of the Pūru-s (V.17.1), . . .
113/ . . . .& the destroyer of enemy castles for the Pūru-s(VII.5.3). Mitra & Varuṇa are described as affording special aid in #battle & #war to the Pūru-s, in the form of powerful allies & steeds (IV.38.1,3; 39.2).
114/ #Indra is described as the #God to whom the Pūru-s sacrifices in order to gain new favors (VI.20.10) & for whom the Pūru-s shed Soma (VIII.64.10). Indra gives freedom to the Pūru-s by slaying their enemies (IV.21.10), . . .
115/ . . . helps the Pūru-s in battle (VII.19.3), & breaks down enemy castles for the Pūru-s (I.63.7; 130.7; 131.4). He (Indra) even addresses the Pūru-s, & asks them to sacrifice to him alone, promising in return his #friendship , #protection & generosity (X.48.5), . . .
116/ . . in a manner reminiscent of the Biblical God’s “covenant” with the "People of the Book", the #Jews . In the verse VIII.10.5, the Aśvins are asked to leave the other four tribes (the Druhyus, Anus, Yadus & Turvasus, who are specifically named) & come to "us"(Puru-Bharata).
117/ The area of the Sarasvati #River was the heartland of the Vedic #Aryans. As per the evidence of the Rig-Veda, the Sarasvati was a purely Pūru river, running through Pūru territory, with Pūrus dwelling on both sides of the river:
118/ . .“the Pūru-s dwell, Beauteous One, on thy two grassy banks” (VII.96.2). The identity of the Pūru-s with the Vedic Aryans is so unmistakable, that the line between “Pūru” & “man” is almost non-existent in the Rig-Veda: Griffith,. . .
119/ for example, sees fit to directly translate the word Pūru as “man” in at least five verses: I.129.5; 131.4; IV.21.10; V.171.1 & X.4.1 whereas in one verse (VIII.64.10), the Rig-Veda itself identifies the Pūru-s with “mankind".
120/ The #RigVeda actually coins a word Pūru-ṣa/ Puru-ṣa (descendant of Pūru), on the analogy of the #word manu-ṣa (descendant of Manu), for “man”. The identity of the Pūru-s with the Vedic Aryans is impossible to miss that even a hardcore AIT supporter. . .
121/ . .like Prof. Michael Witzel points out that it is “the Pūru, to whom (& to ... the Bharata) the Rig-Veda really belongs” (WITZEL 2005b:313), & affirms that the Rig-Veda was “composed primarily by the Pūru-s & Bharatas” (WITZEL 1995b:328), . .
122/ & notes that the Bharata-s were “a subtribe” (WITZEL 1995b:339) of the Pūru-s. The only two unfriendly references to Pūru-s, is to the sections of non-Bharata Pūru-s who entered into conflict with the Bharata clan or sub-tribe, who are the Vedic Aryans. . .
123/ proper of the Rig-Veda (especially during the period of the Family Books, after which the Rig-Veda becomes a general Pūru text), are in VII.8.4 which talks about “Bharata’s Agni” conquering the (other) Pūru-s, . . .
124/ . . .& VII.18.3 which talks about conquering “in sacrifice” the scornful Pūru-s (who failed to come to the aid of the Bharatas in the Battle of the Ten Kings).
125/ This non Bharata Purus were not #Aryan. For example, the Shri Ganesha Purana stated that Lord #Shiva give boons to Lord #Vishnu & Lord #Indra & Lord Shiva is a Puru's enemy.
126/ Now how can Lord Shiva is friendly towards the Gods (Indra & Vishnu) who are actually Gods of the Purus & at the same time is enemy of the Purus. The simple explanation is that those enemy Purus are non Bharata Purus.
127/ Infiltration of other branches, especially the Turvashu branch in Puru blood line is known. In the Srimad Bhagavatam Purana (SB 9.23.16-18:) Turvashu king Maruta adopted king Dushmanta who was a puru as his son. Possibly other puru braches (possibly crypto puru emerges...).
128/ Also other pure puru braches may had also become Bharata's enemy because of jealousy as they were unable to get Aryan status. In the Rig-Veda only the Bharata Purus were Aryan. Even other helpful & allied tribe like the Iksvaku has never been termed as #Aryan.
129/ Non-Pūru patrons (mainly of the Atri & Kaṇva rishis) are never called ārya. Even when non-Pūru kings like Mandhāta, Purukutsa & Trasadasyu are praised to the skies (Trasadasyu is even called a "demi-god" or "ardha-deva" in IV.42.8-9),. . .
130/ ...it is only because of the help rendered by them to the Pūru-s (referred to in I.63.7; IV.38.1, VI.20.10; VII.19.3), but they are never called ārya. And the Rig-Veda even clearly specifies that ārya means Pūru, in I.59.2 (vis-a-vis I.59.6) & VII.5.6 (vis-a-vis VII.5.3).
131/ Some biased white skin fools #WhiteSupremacists may think that the terms ardha-deva & Aryan are synonyms because they thought themselves as "race of God's".
132/ Significantly Bhāratī, the deity of the Bharata subtribe of the Pūru-s is one of the three Great #goddesses (like Sarasvati & Ila) praised in the family hymns of all the ten families of composers in the Rig-Veda.
133/ Of those ten families of composers, while nine are priestly families, the tenth is a family exclusively consisting of composers from the royal dynasty of the Bharata subtribe of the Pūru-s, whose āprī sūkta is X.70.
134/ But most significant of all is the use of the word ārya in the Rig-Veda. So the Bharatas were the only non- priestly #families responsible for composing hymns of the Rig-Veda & there is not a single reference even faintly hostile to them.
135/ Most significant of all is the use of the word ārya (which everyone acknowledges as the word by which the Vedic people referred to themselves) in the Rig-Veda in the sense of "belonging to our community/tribe".
136/ It is used only in reference to Bharata kings like Sudās & Divodāsa, never in reference to non-Pūru kings. The word ārya is found in 34 hymns, of which 28 are composed by composers belong to the Bharata family & the two families directly affiliated to them,. . .
137/ . . . the Angiras-es & Vasiṣṭha-s, & 2 more by the Viśvamitra-s who were also affiliated to the Bharata king Sudās before being supplanted by the Vasiṣṭha-s. One more within the Family Books is by the Gṛtsamada-s (Gṛtsamada-s are descended from an Angiras rishi).
138/ Only 3 hymns are by rishis not affiliated to the Bharata-s, & the references to āryas in those three hymns are interesting as they show the neutrality of the composers vis-à-vis the Bharata Pūrus.
139/ One hymn (IX.63) is by a composer from the most neutral & apolitical family of rishis in the Rig-Veda,the Kaśyapa-s, & the word ārya is used twice in the hymn in the only case in the whole of the Rig-Veda,the word has a purely abstract rather than personal or tribal meaning.
140/ The other two hymns are by Kaṇva-s, who (along with the Atri-s) are politically active rishis not affiliated solely to the Vedic #Aryans (Bharata-sand Pūru-s) but closely associated with other tribes as well. In one (VIII.51.9), . . .
141/ . . .the composer expresses (his) neutrality between ārya-s & dāsa-s, & in the other (even) this unaffiliated composer uses the word ārya only in reference to the Bharata #king Divodāsa. Most interesting of all Nine (IV.30, VI.22, 33, 60, VII.83, X.38, 69, 83,102) . . .
142/ . . .of the above 34 hymns refer to ārya-s as enemies (8 of them jointly to ārya & dāsa enemies)! All the nine hymns are by Bharata-s or the two families of rishis closely affiliated to them, the Angiras-es &Vasiṣṭha-s.
143/ Further, 7 more hymns (I.100, 111, IV.4, VI.19, 25, 44, X.69) refers to jāmi (kinsmen) & ajāmi (non-kinsmen) enemies, all 7 being composed by Bharata-s & Angiras-es. And one more (X.133), by a Bharata composer, refers to sanābhi (kinsmen) & niṣṭya (non-kinsmen) enemies.
144/ In addition, one more (VI.75), by an Angiras, likewise refers to sva araṇa (hostile kinsmen) & niṣṭya (non-kinsmen) enemies. This has no logical explanation in AIT interpretation except to say that the #Aryans must "also have fought amongst themselves". . .
145/ But the pattern of references makes the actual explanation clear: it is Bharata Pūru-s as the Vedic āryas fighting against non-Bharata Pūru-s as the enemy āryas.
146/ Finally, the Rig-Veda itself makes this clear when it tells us in the Viśvamitra hymn III.53 (which records the aśvamedha performed by Sudās on the eastern banks of the Sarasvati, after which he is described as expanding his kingdom in all directions)
147/ that the Bharata-s, when they set out to do battle, do not differentiate between those who are close to them (i.e. kinsmen) & those who are distant from them (non-kinsmen). The evidence is very clear: The Pūru-s & only the Pūru-s & particularly the Bharata Pūru-s. . .
148/ ....from among them, are the "Vedic Aryans", composers of the Rig-Veda & speakers of the Vedic dialect (the "Indo-Aryan" of the linguists). And the other tribes named in the #Puranas are logically not "Vedic Aryans".
149/ The other tribes find mention in the Pūru Rigveda only in the same way as outsiders like the non-#Jewish tribes of #Palestine & the #Egyptians, #Hittites, #Babylonians & #Persians are mentioned in the Jewish Tanakh (Old Testament).
150/ They can logically include (if evidence to this effect can be found in the Rig-Veda) the #speakers of the other IE dialects (which later became the other 11 branches of IE languages).
151/ "Bharata" word appears number of times in #BhagavadGita (Geeta), & it signifies much more than #India , let alone #Arjuna. . . .
152/ Just take for an example, Geeta Verse 2.14, where it specifically addressed the India's Bharata Puru tribe(Vedic Aryans), and showing the Aryans' utmost standard, Sri #Krishna (or sage(s), if it was a later addition) preached the mankind the virtues of tolerance.
153/ And with careful insight, see that in Geeta 2.18, it addressed the Bharata Purus to #fight the enemies as well as the fall within themselves(gradual deviation from Vedic #Spirituality , #race -mixing, etc) that they have experienced for such a long-time.
154/ So we need to understand the subtle meanings. But to have a better #understanding of Aryanism, it is necessary to understand about Brahminism. Aryanism is such a VITAL part of #Brahmanism, so to get the overall picture, #Education about Brahmanism is a must. . . . .
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